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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Thomas B. Swanton
,
Alex Blaszczynski
,
Cynthia Forlini
,
Vladan Starcevic
, and
Sally M. Gainsbury

Introduction Since the 1990s, rapid technological advancements have enabled consumers to communicate via the Internet in novel ways, with increased speed and accessibility, and across multiple platforms. These technologies have created benefits for

Open access

The aim of this study was to objectively assess the hand hygiene performance of medical students. Hand rubbing technique was evaluated by employing innovative UV-light-based imaging technology, identifying patterns and trends in missed areas after applying WHO’s six-step protocol. This specially designed hand hygiene education and assessment program targeted 1,344 medical students at two distant sites in Central Europe. Students were introduced to a short video, presenting the basics of hand hygiene, and then received further demonstration from professional trainers, focusing on the correct execution of WHO’s six-step technique. To verify the acquired skill, participants rubbed their hands with UV-marked alcohol-based solution. Digital images of the hands were recorded under UV light, followed by computer evaluation and assessment. Immediate objective visual feedback was given to the participants showing missed areas on their hands. The statistical analysis of missed spots was based on retrospective expert-driven manual evaluation. Significant difference in rubbing quality was found between female and male participants [35.3% (CI 95%: 33–38%) versus 29.0% (CI 95%: 27–31%), p < 0.001], dominant and non-dominant hands [43.4% (CI 95%: 39–48%) versus 34.9% (CI 95%: 32–38%), p = 0.002], and various zones of the hands’ dorsal side. Based on the participants’ feedback and the evaluation of the infection control specialists, it can be stated that the identification of typically missed patterns and the instant visual feedback have a vital role in improving the hand hygiene technique of prospective medical staff.

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Introduction During the past several decades, research collaboration in science and technology has drastically emerged as a major research formation (Laband and Tollison 2000 ) upon the understanding that research

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The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that keeping laying hens in an enriched environment supposed to represent a better welfare for the birds is accompanied by decreased corticosterone levels, compared to hens kept under traditional conditions. Plasma corticosterone levels in hens reared in standard and enriched cages and those kept on deep litter from 15 to 75 weeks of age were evaluated. The highest corticosterone levels were observed in hens kept on deep litter, which was associated with a lower intensity of egg production, longest time of movement and a high percentage of time spent dustbathing and scratching. Hens housed in the enriched environment exhibited low levels of aggression, low body weight at the end of the experiment and similar or higher corticosterone levels compared to those of hens kept under standard conditions. Thus, the results of the present study show that housing technologies which are more similar to the animal’s natural environment need not be associated with decreased levels of plasma corticosterone. Keeping hens in traditional cage technology was not found to be particularly stressful, which may be an important finding with respect to the current restrictions on outside housing in regions with an increased risk of viral infection.

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Biodiversity is increasingly threatened by intensive agriculture, environmental pollution, extinction of natural habitats and several other factors. Several mammalian species including ungulates have disappeared or are threatened by extinction. However, ungulates play an important role both in the ecosystem and in the economy. In general, species or breeds are considered endangered if their population does not exceed 1,000 individuals. In these cases conservation programmes should be initiated in order to maintain or even increase their number. This review deals with the possibilities and limitations of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) in the conservation of ecologically valuable wild, rare and indigenous ungulates. The methods discussed here are artificial insemination, cryopreservation of semen and embryos, embryo recovery and transfer,in vitroproduction of embryos, as well as micromanipulation techniques including sperm injection, assisted hatching and cloning. Some of these procedures are already being exploited in the breeding of farm ungulates, but more basic information about the reproductive patterns of wild, rare and indigenous animal species is needed before the routine use of ARTs.

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Addressing taxonomic challenges for Internet Use Disorders in light of changing technologies and diagnostic classifications

Commentary on: “How to overcome taxonomical problems in the study of Internet use disorders and what to do with “smartphone addiction”?” (Montag et al., 2020)

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Hans-Jürgen Rumpf
,
Dillon Browne
,
Dominique Brandt
, and
Florian Rehbein

addictive behaviors. At the same time, it might be worthwhile to consider the specific role of technology in IUD and discuss how the proposed taxonomy relates to diagnostic classifications. Taxonomy of IUD and technological advances Specific technical

Open access

Polar watches with heart rate monitoring function have become popular among recreational and professional athletes. In addition to monitoring functions, they calculate a specific index called OwnIndex which is claimed to measure aerobic training status. The current research attempted to shed light on the factors determining the OwnIndex. In Study 1, OwnIndex calculated by the RS-400 Polar watch was estimated using anthropometric (gender, age, height, weight), cardiovascular (resting HR, RMSSD), and exercise-related (maximal oxygen uptake, self-reported physical activity) data of 45 young adults. In Study 2, the OwnIndex was measured in 21 young adults twice, first with self-reported physical activity set to the lowest, then to the highest value. In the regression analysis (Study 1), the only significant predictor of OwnIndex was self-reported physical activity (R2 = 0.883; β = 0.915, p < 0.001). A significant difference with a large effect size (t(20) = −16.657, p <0.001, d = 3.635) and no significant correlation (r = −0.32; p = 0.155) were found between the OwnIndices calculated with different levels of activity in Study 2. As anthropometric and cardiac variables play a practically negligible role in the calculation of the OwnIndex, it cannot be considered an appropriate measure of aerobic fitness.

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The pan-genomic microarray technique is used for environmental and/or clinical studies. Although microarray is an accurate and sharp diagnostic tool, the expertized bioinformaticians were able to minimize the outcome biases and maximize the flexibility and accuracy of the technique. The knowledge of bioinformatics plays a key role in association with probe designing and the utilization of correct probe sets and platforms. This technique is divided into two parts as dry lab (in silico studies) and wet lab (in vitro studies). Each part covers the other and are known as complementary divisions. In the case of microarray probe designing, a wide range of software, tools, and databases are necessary. Obviously, the application of right databases, software, and tools decreases the probable biases in the outcomes. Due to the importance of suitable probe designing, this article has focused its look onto a variety of online/offline databases, software, and tools.

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A genetikában új korszak kezdődött 17 éve, amikor a petúniában felfedezték a koszuppressziót. Később a koszuppressziót azonosították a növényekben és alacsonyabb rendű eukariótákban megfigyelt RNS-interferenciával (RNSi). Bár a növényekben ez ősi vírusellenes gazdaszervezeti védekezőmechanizmus, emlősökben az RNSi élettani szerepe még nincs teljesen tisztázva. Az RNSi-t rövid kettős szálú interferáló RNS-ek (short interfering RNA, siRNS) irányítják. A jelen cikkben összefoglaljuk az RNSi történetét és mechanizmusát, az siRNS-ek szerkezete és hatékonysága közötti összefüggéseket, a célsejtbe való bejuttatás virális és nem virális módjait. Az siRNS-ek klinikai alkalmazásának legfontosabb akadálya az in vivo alkalmazás. Bár a hidrodinamikus kezelés állatokban hatékony, embereknél nem alkalmazható. Lehetőséget jelent viszont a szervspecifikus katéterezés. A szintetizált siRNS-ek ismert mellékhatásait szintén tárgyaljuk. Bár a génterápia ezen új területén számos problémával kell szembenézni, a sikeres in vitro és in vivo kísérletek reményt jelentenek emberi betegségek siRNS-sel történő kezelésére.

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2021 Third International Conference on Intelligent Communication Technologies and Virtual Mobile Networks (ICICV) 2021 : IEEE , 1294 – 1299 . [10] Chaunzwa TL , et al. : Deep learning classification of lung cancer histology using CT images

Open access