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The spatial dimension of liturgy

Historical and contemporary accounts of communio-space in Europe’s Latin rite liturgical architecture

Építés - Építészettudomány
Vilmos Katona

The present study focuses on the spatial aspect of the liturgy, the raison d’être of church building. The topicality of this approach is explained either by the manner of international communication about sacred architecture, or by the work of German architect Rudolf Schwarz (1897–1961), who is cited anew, very often due to his unification of architectural praxis, scientific activity and a life of a devoted man deservedly still influential in the field. A church can be understood by its operative function. Throughout the most important liturgical reform movements of the 20th century, one can get an insight into the spatial concepts of the designers, which, consciously or not, reflect the achievements of these movements even today.

In the contemporary praxis of Latin Rite liturgy, the divorce between the once close-knit aspects of the worship are palpable, thanks to these reforms on the one hand, and their late interpretations on the other. Inspired by autonomous readings, the sacrificial act of the Eucharist (sacrificium) and the symbol of the communal feast (cena) were associated with correspondent models of space. This problem shares root with the frequent contraposition of personal devotion and the communio: the former prevails in oriented spaces, while the latter appears in the central. Spatial concepts capable of respecting both religious devotion and the needs of the community in their primordial unity and theological profoundness, seldom can be found today. Following the terminology of Albert Gerhards and Walter Zahner, these are often referred to as communio-spaces (Communio-Räume). Albeit the proposition of this space type is clearly theoretical, it looks back to important antecedents from the 20th century, and defines a multiplicity of new directions. The story of communio-space spans from Rudolf Schwarz to the contemporary church architecture of Central and Western Europe as well as North America, and still influences the newest designs of liturgical spaces. In Hungary, this recent issue of spatial arrangement is not a question of a substantial debate up to now, yet even this limited number of experiments necessitate the idea and applied examples of communio-space to acquire more attention here as well.

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Terminology Standards Development Organization (IHTSDO), Copenhagen , (last visited 10 June 2016 ). [11] Bashshur R. L

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Transformation of Tools and Conservation of Architecture

Some Researches on the Use of Digital Systems for the Intervention on the Historical Buildings

Az Építészet Megőrzésének És Észközeinek Atalakulása •

Digitális Rendszerek Használata Történeti Épületeken Végzett Műemléki Beavatkozások Edsetén
Építés - Építészettudomány
Donatella Fiorani
Marta Acierno
Silvia Cutarelli
, and
Adalgisa Donatelli

– Pierdaniele Giaretta : Ontologies and Knowledge Bases: Towards a Terminological Clarification . In: Nicholas Mars (ed.): Towards Very Large Knowledge Bases: Knowledge Building and Knowledge Sharing . IOS Press , Amsterdam 1995 . 25 – 32 . Hajnóczi

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in the ASHRAE Standard 55:2017 and ISO 7730:2005 standards [ 5 , 6 ] is what we also use as a basis. Table 1 shows the difference in terminology, when describing human heat sensation based on the aforementioned scales and the range in which the PMV

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at point x 0 ; w i is the weights determined using a selected semivariogram model. The measurements are not point values, and they are defined over a non-zero catchment area. In geostatistical terminology, A means only the support, and the point

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Pollack Periodica
Orest Voznyak
Nadiia Spodyniuk
Iryna Sukholova
Olena Savchenko
Mariana Kasynets
, and
Serhii Shostak

. Twisted, compact and flat air flows are most often used in air distribution systems. The terminology should be defined: if the inflow nozzle is round or square ( b h −1 = 1), then these air jets are called compact. If a ratio of a width of aperture to

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