Several organic compounds like phenanthrene, benzanilide, anisic acid, triphenylene, 2-chloroanthraquinone, hexachlorobenzene, carbazole, 4-iodobenzoic acid, perylene, anthraquinone, as new reference materials for temperature and energy calibration of DTA and DSC apparatuses were studied in the range 300—600 K.
The effects of beneficiation by washing and selective demineralisation based on the magnetic separation of microwave pre-treated
samples, on the spontaneous heating tendency and thermal description of coals of South Eastern Coalfields, India using crossing
point temperature and thermal analysis technique are presented.
The thermolysis of sodium hexa/benzoato/ferrate/III/, i. e. Na3[Fe/C6H5COO/6].4.5H2O has been investigated at different temperatures in air using Mössbauer, infrared spectroscopic and derivatographic techniques /DTG, DTA, TG/. The thermal decomposition proceeds without the reduction of iron/III/. An increase in particle size of -Fe2O3 formed during thermolysis has been observed with increasing temperature. The end product, -NaFeO2 is formed as a result of the solid state reaction between -Fe2O3 and sodium carbonate.
Authors:Bharat Indu Chaudhary, Jeffrey M. Cogen, and J. Scott Parent
Organic solids have been prepared from radical-initiated activation of solutions composed of tetradecane and triallyl trimesate (TAM) monomer or triallyl phosphate (TAP) monomer using a recently developed variation of precipitation polymerization methods. The powders, which comprise fused aggregates, are shown to be rich in monomer (83–88 wt% TAM or 86–92 wt% TAP), and are believed to be formed by a combination of hydrocarbon addition and allyl group oligomerization. TAM-g-tetradecane primary particles are on the order of 500 nm in diameter, while TAP-g-tetradecane particles are on the order of 100–200 nm diameter. These products are thermochemically assessed using a combination of differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetry and pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry. The phosphorus-containing TAP-g-tetradecane shows exothermic activity around 230 °C, likely due to thermal decomposition of the trialkyl phosphate moiety, and may find use in advanced materials applications.
A systematic study was made of the relative stability and various phase changes which take place when elemental compound and mechanically mixed semiconductors are heated. These were chalcogens, calcogenides and mixtures of the two. The interest in the present investigation is due to the useful application of the prepared materials in the transistor, radar, rectifier and other electronic industries. Thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis were carried out in air in the temperature range 20–830°. The results led to the conclusion that the degree of stability of the mechanically mixed semiconducting components is much higher than that of either elemental or compound semiconductors. The results were discussed on the basis of the electronegativity differences and oxygen affinities of the non-metallic components. The thermal stability ranges were evaluated in each case for the materials investigated, for their subsequent physical measurements and their suitability for the production of semiconducting devices.
The thermal decomposition of sodium hexa-carboxylato/ferrates/III/ i.e. Na3[Fe/RCOO/6].xH2O /R=H, CH3, C2H5/ has been studied at various temperatures in air employing Mössbauer and infrared spectroscopies and non-isothermal techniques
/DTG, DTA, TG/. The thermolysis proceeds without undergoing the formation of any iron/II/ intermediate. The particle size
of α-Fe2O3 formed during thermolysis shows an increasing trend with increasing decomposition temperature. At higher temperatures α-NaFeO2 is formed as the ultimate product for all the complexes.
Hydrazinium metal glycinates [(N2H52M(NH2CH2COO)4] and bis(hydrazine)metal glycinates, [M(NH2CH2COO)2(N2H4)2], whereM=Co, Ni or Zn have been prepared and characterized by chemical analyses, magnetic moments and vibrational and electronic spectra. The thermal behaviour of these compounds has been studied by thermogravimetry and differential thermal analyses. These complexes decompose with high exothermicity giving metal powder as the final residue. The X-ray powder data of each set of complexes show isomorphism among themselves.
Authors:L. Gruzdiewa, P. Dokurno, J. Rak, and J. Błażejowski
Selected organochlorine pesticides, namely lindane, PCNB,p,p′-DDT andp,p′-methoxychlor, and some related compounds (p,p′-DDE andp,p′-DMDE) were heated in the presence of powdered KOH, Na2CO3, CaO and CaCO3 in order to check whether degradation of the compounds is feasible in moderate conditions and temperatures. Thermal analyses,
as well as investigations concerning the search for the reaction products revealed that processes occurring at atmospheric
pressure are either simple volatilization of organic molecules, observed upon heating of mixtures containing lindane, PCNB,p,p′-DDE andp,p′-DMDE, or volatilization accompanied with decomposition towards HCl andp,p′-DDE andp,p′-DMDE, noted when heating mixtures ofp,p′-DDT andp,p′-methoxychlor with alkaline substances, respectively. Complementary theoretical calculations enabled insight into the mechanism
of HCl elimination fromp,p′-DDT andp,p′-methoxychlor.