Authors:Klaudia Szalai, Károly Tempfli, Erika Lencsés-Varga, and Ágnes Bali Papp
Traditional selection has led to remarkable differences in allele frequencies among various chicken breeds. Indigenous and broiler-type chicken populations were genotyped for polymorphisms in thyroid hormone responsive Spot14α, prolactin (PRL), IGF-binding protein 2 (IGFBP2), and somatostatin (SST) genes in order to determine potential utilisation type-associated allele frequencies. Significant (P < 0.05) differences were detected between Hungarian Yellow and broiler populations for Spot14α, PRL, and IGFBP2 allele frequencies, whereas the same SST allele (A) was fixed in both groups. In this study, the most significant associations (P < 0.05) were found between the IGFBP2 genotypes and the measured traits (body weight, carcass weight, breast muscle weight with or without skin, breast muscle weight as a percentage of carcass weight) in the broiler population. The results can be applied for the evaluation of polymorphism effects in the analysed populations; however, contradictory allele effects in different breeds and hybrids indicate the need for cautious marker utilisation in selection programmes.
Authors:H. Vágó, P. Takács, A. Tóth, L. Gellér, Sz. Szilágyi, L. Molnár, V. Kutyifa, T. Simor, and Béla Merkely
Cardiac electromechanical resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is an effective non-pharmacological treatment of patients suffering from drug refractory heart failure. However, approximately 20–30% of patients are non-responder. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) may play significant role in clarifying many questions in this patient population. Forty-five patients, suffering from severe drug refractory heart failure, underwent CMR before applying CRT. Left ventricular end-diastolic, end-systolic volumes, ejection fraction, myocardial mass, wall motion disturbances, localisation of non-viable myocardium were determined. Left ventricular dyssynchrony was determined by illustrating wall-time thickening in short-axis slices of left ventricle from basis to apex. CMR-proved underlying heart disease were postinfarction heart failure, dilated cardiomyopathy and non-compaction cardiomyopathy in 62, 27 and in 11%, respectively. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 24.5±10%, intraventricular dyssynchrony was 200±78 ms. In four patients, requiring surgical revascularisation after unsuccessful coronary sinus electrode implantation, optimal position for epicardial screw-in electrode was selected. According to the results of CMR, biventricular device was not implanted in 7 patients. During the follow-up of the 38 patients, 5 patients (13.16%) were non-responders, despite the approximately 22% non-responder ratio in our whole patient population treated by CRT but without performing previous CMR examination. In this patient population CMR may have a significant role in the selection of responder patient population.
The hypophysiotropic corticotropin-releasing hormone- and thyrotropin-releasing hormone-synthesizing neurons have important role in the regulation of energy homeostasis. The studies of this PhD work, carried out on rats, focused on the innervation and regulation of these neurosecretory neurons by specific neuron populations involved in the processing of metabolic signals.