Authors:P. Hermann, Zsuzsanna Berek, G. Kriván, Krisztina Márton, and Anna Lengyel
Thurmond, J. M., Brown, A. T., Sims, R. E., Ferretti, G. A., Raybould, T. P., Lillich, T. T., Henslee, P. J.: Oral Candidaalbicans in bone marrow transplant patients given chlorhexidine rinses: occurrence and susceptibilities to the agent. Oral Surg
Authors:E Burgettiné Böszörményi, S Németh, A Fodor, K Bélafiné Bakó, D Vozik, Z Csima, and I Barcs
The number of diseases caused by fungi is gradually increasing. The most common species is Candidaalbicans , the other group consists of non-albicans Candida species as per its frequency [ 1
Authors:Magdy W. Sabaa, Samira T. Rabie, and Riham R. Mohamed
, Bacillus subtilis; Gram (−) bacteria as Escherichia coli , Pseudomonas aeuroginosa . They were incubated at 35–37 °C for 24–48 h and yeast as Candidaalbicans incubated at 30 °C for 24–48 h and then the diameters of the inhibition zones were measured
is considered an important medicinal plant by the local population of Balochistan, Pakistan. The species is facing a grave threat by a parasitic and epiphytic angiosperm, dwarf mistletoe,
(DC.) M. Bieb. (Viscaceae). The methanolic extract of
was studied for its chemical composition and biologically active compounds for the first time. The extract was assayed for antibacterial, antifungal, phytotoxic, cytotoxic and insecticidal activities. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the extract were determined against ten bacterial and ten fungal strains by agar well diffusion and disc diffusion assay. The extract was highly effective against three bacteria
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis
and a fungus
. The phytotoxic effects showed that it was extremely toxic for
. It showed high cytoxicity for brine shrimps at all concentrations and was found to be significantly cytotoxic against
when checked by flow cytometer. However, the extract was not effective against the pests tested.
Extracts of five Euphorbia species were studied for their activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans. E. amygdaloides and E. helioscopia proved to be the most effective against them. Some plant metabolits were also examinated against the microorganisms: podophyllin and rhamnetin caused the greatest, b-sitosterine the smallest inhibition among them. Bacillus subtilis was the least sensitive among the studied microorganism in this study.
In this study, the pollen analyses and antimicrobial effect were conducted in honey samples, which were collected from seven localities where apiculture has intensively been practiced. Upon pollen analyses of 16 different plants have been determined. The plants contributing nectar to honey samples in Elazig were found as follows; Fabaceae: Astragalus, Trifolium, Vicia, Onobrychis; Asteraceae: Centaurea triumfettii, Carduus, Xeranthemum, Helianthus annuus; Lamiaceae: Salvia, Mentha;Rosaceae: Rubus, Prunus;Vitaceae: Vitaceae: Vitis;Apiaceae: Daucus; Zygophyllaceae: Peganum harmala; Ranunculaceae: Ranunculus. The honey sapmles have inhibited the growth of bacteria used in our work at varying degrees. None of the samples had any antifungal effect against Candida albicans FMC-17 and Saccharomycescerevisiae UAG-102
Authors:Viktória Tóth, Melinda Szilágyi, Fruzsina Anton, Éva Leiter, I. Pócsi, and T. Emri
Pairwise interactions between four antifungal compounds were studied. The β-1,3-glucan synthase inhibitor echinocandin B (ECB) showed synergistic effect with the cell wall hydrolase ChiB chitinase and EngA β-1,3-glucanase on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Candida albicans, Aspergillus rugulosus and A. fumigatus. The antifungal protein of Penicillium chrysogenum (PAF) did not influence the antifungal activity of ChiB or EngA, but showed antagonistic effect with ECB on A. nidulans, A. rugulosus and A. fumigatus. PAF had no significant effect on the growth of the tested yeasts as it was expected and did not influence significantly the antifungal activity of ECB, ChiB or EngA against yeasts.
Inactivation and removing efficiency of disinfectants (Descosal and Domestos) was tested against
and their biofilms (2 and 72 h, 3, 7 and 14 days old, respectively). The survival of microbes was studied by pour plating and impedimetry, and the attachment by epifluorescent microscopy.In the surface test, both disinfectants were effective against both test organisms with no significant difference in their efficiency. The decreasing detection times during impedimetric measurements showed higher resistance of the older
biofilms. Both disinfectants tested were fungicidal against
and bactericidal against
but for biofilm removal Domestos was more efficient.