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Thurmond, J. M., Brown, A. T., Sims, R. E., Ferretti, G. A., Raybould, T. P., Lillich, T. T., Henslee, P. J.: Oral Candida albicans in bone marrow transplant patients given chlorhexidine rinses: occurrence and susceptibilities to the agent. Oral Surg

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Infect Immun 68 651 Majoros, L., Miszti, C., Szabó, B.: Isolation and identification of Candida albicans and non-albicans species from

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Györgyi Horváth, Julianna Török Jenei, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Andrea Böszörményi, and Judit Krisch

.V. ( 2004 ) Antifungal effects of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil and its components on Candida albicans, Candida glabrata and Saccharomyces cerevisiae . J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 53 , 1081 – 1085 . 12

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Developments in Health Sciences
Authors: E Burgettiné Böszörményi, S Németh, A Fodor, K Bélafiné Bakó, D Vozik, Z Csima, and I Barcs

Introduction The number of diseases caused by fungi is gradually increasing. The most common species is Candida albicans , the other group consists of non-albicans Candida species as per its frequency [ 1

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, Bacillus subtilis; Gram (−) bacteria as Escherichia coli , Pseudomonas aeuroginosa . They were incubated at 35–37 °C for 24–48 h and yeast as Candida albicans incubated at 30 °C for 24–48 h and then the diameters of the inhibition zones were measured

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The Juniperus excelsa is considered an important medicinal plant by the local population of Balochistan, Pakistan. The species is facing a grave threat by a parasitic and epiphytic angiosperm, dwarf mistletoe, Arceuthobium oxycedri (DC.) M. Bieb. (Viscaceae). The methanolic extract of A. oxycedri was studied for its chemical composition and biologically active compounds for the first time. The extract was assayed for antibacterial, antifungal, phytotoxic, cytotoxic and insecticidal activities. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the extract were determined against ten bacterial and ten fungal strains by agar well diffusion and disc diffusion assay. The extract was highly effective against three bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and a fungus Candida albicans . The phytotoxic effects showed that it was extremely toxic for Lemna acquinoctialis . It showed high cytoxicity for brine shrimps at all concentrations and was found to be significantly cytotoxic against Candida albicans when checked by flow cytometer. However, the extract was not effective against the pests tested.

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Extracts of five Euphorbia species were studied for their activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans. E. amygdaloides and E. helioscopia proved to be the most effective against them. Some plant metabolits were also examinated against the microorganisms: podophyllin and rhamnetin caused the greatest, b-sitosterine the smallest inhibition among them. Bacillus subtilis was the least sensitive among the studied microorganism in this study.

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In this study, the pollen analyses and antimicrobial effect were conducted in honey samples, which were collected from seven localities where apiculture has intensively been practiced. Upon pollen analyses of 16 different plants have been determined. The plants contributing nectar to honey samples in Elazig were found as follows; Fabaceae: Astragalus, Trifolium, Vicia, Onobrychis; Asteraceae: Centaurea triumfettii, Carduus, Xeranthemum, Helianthus annuus; Lamiaceae: Salvia, Mentha;Rosaceae: Rubus, Prunus;Vitaceae: Vitaceae: Vitis;Apiaceae: Daucus; Zygophyllaceae: Peganum harmala; Ranunculaceae: Ranunculus. The honey sapmles have inhibited the growth of bacteria used in our work at varying degrees. None of the samples had any antifungal effect against Candida albicans FMC-17 and Saccharomycescerevisiae UAG-102

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Viktória Tóth, Melinda Szilágyi, Fruzsina Anton, Éva Leiter, I. Pócsi, and T. Emri

Pairwise interactions between four antifungal compounds were studied. The β-1,3-glucan synthase inhibitor echinocandin B (ECB) showed synergistic effect with the cell wall hydrolase ChiB chitinase and EngA β-1,3-glucanase on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Candida albicans, Aspergillus rugulosus and A. fumigatus. The antifungal protein of Penicillium chrysogenum (PAF) did not influence the antifungal activity of ChiB or EngA, but showed antagonistic effect with ECB on A. nidulans, A. rugulosus and A. fumigatus. PAF had no significant effect on the growth of the tested yeasts as it was expected and did not influence significantly the antifungal activity of ECB, ChiB or EngA against yeasts.

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Inactivation and removing efficiency of disinfectants (Descosal and Domestos) was tested against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans and their biofilms (2 and 72 h, 3, 7 and 14 days old, respectively). The survival of microbes was studied by pour plating and impedimetry, and the attachment by epifluorescent microscopy.In the surface test, both disinfectants were effective against both test organisms with no significant difference in their efficiency. The decreasing detection times during impedimetric measurements showed higher resistance of the older Ps. aeruginosa biofilms. Both disinfectants tested were fungicidal against C. albicans and bactericidal against Ps. aeruginosa but for biofilm removal Domestos was more efficient.

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