Authors:Kyoung Min Kim, Sam-Wook Choi, Jaewon Lee, and Jun Won Kim
, male sex, and age between 18 and 65 years. Subjects were excluded if any of the following applied: a diagnosis of substance-use disorder other than nicotine or caffeine, based on the DSM-5 criteria; use of psychotropic medications over the previous year
Authors:Kyoung Min Kim, Sam-Wook Choi, Dohyun Kim, Jaewon Lee, and Jun Won Kim
criteria were diagnosis of gambling disorder according to DSM-5 criteria, male gender, and age between 18 and 65 years old. Subjects were excluded if any of the following applied: a diagnosis of substance use disorder other than nicotine and caffeine based
desire for substances including alcohol, cannabis, and caffeine, though two patients reported increased consumption ( Greer & Tolbert, 1986 ).
Another study, in a naturalistic setting with recreational MDMA users, indicated that MDMA enhances
the “blanket ban” on psychoactive substances created by section 2, listed under Schedule 1 of the PSA: along with those substances already contained within the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, medicinal products, caffeine, and food, alcohol and nicotine
Authors:Belle Gavriel-Fried, Tania Moretta, and Marc N. Potenza
. Overall, the sample included 140 individuals (72.1% men; n = 101), ranging in age from 23 to 77 years ( M = 49.15, SD = 13.93), with lifetime DSM-5 GD diagnoses, with no past-year DSM-5 SUDs (with possible exceptions of caffeine and tobacco), who had
Authors:Paweł A. Atroszko, Zsolt Demetrovics, and Mark D. Griffiths
than those for caffeine withdrawal ( APA, 2013 ). This issue requires more studies utilizing clinical populations to help delineate the psychobiological mechanisms of these responses, including the interplay between nervous, endocrinological, and immune
Authors:Victoria Manning, Nicki. A. Dowling, Stuart Lee, Simone Rodda, Joshua Benjamin Bernard Garfield, Rachel Volberg, Jayashri Kulkarni, and Dan Ian Lubman
Cox , M.
( 2012 ). Tobacco, caffeine, alcohol and illicit substance use among consumers of a national psychiatric disability support service . International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 10 ( 5 ), 722 – 736 . doi: 10.1007/s
Authors:Thomas McLaughlin, Kenneth Blum, Bruce Steinberg, Edward J. Modestino, Lyle Fried, David Baron, David Siwicki, Eric R. Braverman, and Rajendra D. Badgaiyan
admitted to having many vocal and motor tics and reported that vocal tics occur in her mother as well. She reported having been diagnosed with “bipolar disorder” as an adolescent. The patient’s addictions to opiates, caffeine, her prior history of marijuana
Authors:Zuzana Postránecká, Čestmír Vejmola, and Filip Tylš
, alcohol, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, or caffeine ( Nichols, 2004 ).
Psychological factors affecting the development and continuation of addiction include mainly disorders of psychological development, possibly caused by insufficient prenatal
Authors:Abraham Hafiz Rodriguez, Sarah Nath Zallek, Michael Xu, Jean Aldag, Lori Russel-Chapin, Tobias A. Mattei, and Norman Scott Litofsky
Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, Bradley University and Illinois Central College campuses. Subjects were asked to avoid caffeine, tobacco, and all other psychoactive chemicals for at least 6 hr prior to their study participation. Subjects were also