Authors:Małgorzata Iwanicz-Drozdowska and Bartosz Witkowski
) to more than 90% (Albania, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Lithuania, and Romania). In contrast, the share of foreign-owned banks was approximately 20% in Western Europe. The different scales of foreign ownership between the CESEE and Western
include more data. The EE group includes the following 10 countries, which acceded to the EU after 2004: Croatia, Czech Republic, former Eastern Germany, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia. 2 The results of the test are
Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis , LX , 44 ( 7 ): 415 – 424 . Viira , A. H. – Pöder , A. – Värnik , R. ( 2013 ): The Determinants of Farm Growth, Decline and Exit in Estonia . German Journal of Agricultural Economics , 62 ( 1
Estonian (2002) translations . Estrin , S. ( 1983 ): Self-Management: Economic Theory and Yugoslav Practice . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . Estrin , S. – Uvalic , M. ( 2008 ): From Illyria Towards Capitalism: Did Labor
formidable undertaking. (For a thorough review of the EU's architecture see Hare and Stoneman (2017) ). Not surprisingly, the ensuing accession processes proved to be slow and complex. In 2004, 8 CEE countries joined the EU (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
, Austria, Estonia and surprisingly, Italy which had no XP values below 100%.) Third, the overall size of cuts was tiny as already discussed. These all point to the relevance of burdens that internal devaluation imposes on firms ( Section 2 ). The second
Despite significant policy efforts, in 2003 the Hungarian general population has fallen behind the Central and Eastern European (CEE) average regarding most social indicators of Internet access, usage, knowledge and attitudes. The article is a policy impact assessment interpreting the results of a population survey covering 10 countries of CEE, performed in 2003 within the framework of the SIBIS Project (Statistical Indicators Benchmarking the Information Society). The 10 Newly Associated States (NAS) covered by the survey are as follows: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. In case of Hungary the relevant strategies, legal framework development and support actions of various public policy areas are analysed with the help of an international comparative analysis of survey findings.
Ådahl, M. (2002): Banking in the Baltics — Development of the Banking Systems of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania since Independences. Internationalization of Baltic Banking (1998–2000). Focus on Transition , 2/2002. ONB
& Policy Research .
Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs ( 2015 ): Eesti eksportööride konkurentsivõime uuring [Estonian Exporters Competitiveness Study. Final Report]. Talinn : Estonian Ministry of Economic
, N. (1999): The Nature and Determinants of Ownership Changes after Privatisation: Evidence from Estonia. Journal of Comparative Economics 27 : 422-441.
The Nature and Determinants of Ownership Changes after Privatisation