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Abstract

Biology and the social sciences parted company at a time when evolution itself was poorly understood. As a result, the social sciences left with a rather impoverished view of evolution, and therefore failed to take note of the developments that emerged later. Among these have been an appreciation of Tinbergen's “Four Whys”, Hamilton's broadening of the concept of fitness into what he termed “neighbour modulated fitnesses” and multi-level selection (as distinct from group selection). I argue that a better appreciation of some of these developments might go some way towards facilitating a rapprochement between the social and evolutionary sciences.

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in history as “pivotal.” However, in addition to gaining control, the one-party government established under the leadership of Mátyás Rákosi 1 also needed to establish the legitimacy of the regime. The centenary of the 1848

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Acta Oeconomica
Authors:
Anita Pelle
and
Gábor Vicze

Von Neumann's Centenary Scientific Memorial Session; Conference report on the workshop convened in Budapest on 15 November 2003 to commemorate John von Neumann's contributions to economics; From Here and From There: New and Old Members' Perception on EU Enlargement; Report on the joint workshop of Hungarian and Holland economists on EU-enlargement at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands in September 2003.

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1 This paper is the revised and extended version of the study published in the catalogue of the exhibition which marked the centenary of the death of Viktor Madarász: “ The

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During his lifetime hundreds of portraits were made of Ferenc Liszt in a great diversity of genres by foreign and Hungarian artists alike. Medallists also commemorated Liszt on the centenary of his birth in 1911. Numerous one-sided medals and plaques were cast or struck but some of them, like that of Fülöp Ö. Beck, do have motives on the reverse as well. Beck had been working on a Liszt plaque for years. The starting inspiration was the Liszt mask he had personally received from the aging sculptor Alajos Stróbl. He prepared several designs for the reverse. The series of the reverse variations is significant because Beck’s aim was not to present an allegory about Liszt’s figure or create symbols for his compositions as was the custom in medal art, but to capture the essence and the infinity of music. Fülöp Ö. Beck’s Liszt plaque is an outstanding exponent not only of the Hungarian but the international medal art.

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Abstract

The history of American-Hungarian relations has enjoyed renewed interest in the past thirty years. Despite this fact, there are still many uncovered or poorly documented episodes and persons concerning this academic territory. This article wishes to shed some light on one such character and period. It was in 1922 that the United States and Hungary established official diplomatic relations for the first time. Consequently the two countries exchanged ministers; thus, a long line of American ministers began to come and reside in Hungary. The very first of them was Theodore Brentano, who served five years in Budapest, between 1922 and 1927, but who seems to have disappeared from historical memory in both countries. Since 2022 marks the centenary of establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries, this article will introduce Theodore Brentano, the first American minister for Hungary and his work there. Brentano's years coincided with momentous events in Hungary in the post-Trianon era and were a time of relatively active relations between Washington and Budapest. Using primary and secondary sources alike, this article will hopefully illustrate a sorely missed part of the history of American-Hungarian history and rekindle interest in what took place a century ago.

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The life and works of Mozart are central to a due understanding of Liszt’s development as pianist, composer, and conductor. Yet, this fact receives inadequate attention in scholarly studies. Liszt readily acknowledged that he ‘owed the greater part of what he was as a musician to Mozart’ and found identity and goal as he sought, as pianist and composer, to emulate the endeavors of the Viennese master. Like Mozart, he was a ‘pioneer of progress’ who refused ‘to be bound by accepted modes of expression.’ Like Mozart, ‘he pushed virtuosity to utmost limits.’ Like Mozart, he was seen by many as an iconic figure of German nationalism. In later life, Liszt took comfort from the fact that Mozart, his illustrious role-model, was not spared bitter experiences. ‘As with every great genius,’ both endured ‘pain and suffering’ in order to accomplish their task. In so many areas of musical activity and experience, Liszt mirrored his great Viennese master. Throughout Liszt’s life, he remained devoted to the scrupulous study and execution of Mozart’s music and played an important part in promoting a better understanding of both man and music via podium and press before, during, and after the Mozart Centenary Celebrations in Vienna in January 1856.

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References 1 Gömör B. Centenary of the building of Polyclinic of the Hospitaller Brothers of St. John of God in Budapest. [100 éves a Budai Irgalmasrendi Kórház

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Pszichológiai iskolák napjainkban — A tranzakcióanalízis (TA) képessége a megújulásra

Contemporary schools of psychology — The life strategy of transactional analysis (TA)

Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle
Authors:
Katalin Járó
and
Sándor Antal

A tanulmány a tranzakcióanalízis szemszögéből abba a tágabb kérdéskörbe világít be, milyen az esélye a gyakorlatban születő elméleteknek és módszereknek arra, hogy a korszerű pszichológiai tudomány továbbra is önálló irányzatként számoljon velük. Az iskola olyan szellemi és szakmai tartalékai vannak a fókuszban, amelyek biztosítják számára, hogy rendre megküzdjön az új idők társadalmi és professzionális kihívásaival és megőrizve sajátszerűségét, képes legyen megújulni. Kitüntetetten foglalkozunk a krízis- és problémakezelési technikák feltérképezésével, az új kihívások fogadási stratégiáinak bemutatásával egyrészt az iskolában az ezredfordulón lezajlott krízis kreatív meghaladásának tapasztalatai, valamint az alapító, Eric Berne születésének 100. évfordulójához kapcsolódó számvetés alapján. A tanulmány számba veszi a szakmai közösség identitásépítésének, az optimista jövőképek kimunkálásának fontos szerepét. Végül bemutatja, hogy kiérlelt megküzdési stratégiáinak birtokában a TA hogyan határozza meg jelenlegi feladatait, mit tesz, hogy erősítse elfogadottságát.

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On the centenary of Gyula Hajnóczi’s birth, we commemorate the architect, the archaeologist, the teacher, the writer, the scientist, as well as the man and our colleague in the framework of a conference. This time, in memory of the teacher of architecture history and our colleague at the department, his teachers are introduced from the time of the start of his career, from life and regime changing times. Hajnóczi’s specialization, i.e. choosing the history of ancient architecture, took a definite direction from the very beginning of his practice. In addition to his certification in architecture, he soon obtained his diploma in archaeology, then achieved scientific titles and professional results. As an instructor, he conveyed the introductory knowledge of the architect profession, architectural drawing, and the history of the profession to the students on the basis of well-developed principles, performed in various ways. He followed the stages of architectural survey, technical drawing and graphic elaboration. His lectures on ancient architecture – Prehistoric Asia, Egypt, Hellas, Rome – were always performed according to an elaborated system, in a logical structure and always in an enjoyable form. His maxim was that architecture was the science of continuous building.

Hajnóczi Gyula születésének századik évfordulójára konferencia keretében emlékezünk az építészre, a régészre, a tanárra, a szakíróra, a tudósra, illetve az emberre, a kollégára. Ezúttal az építészettörténet tanárára, a tanszéki munkatársra emlékezve felvázoljuk az ő tanárainak sorát pályakezdésének idejéből, a sors és rendszerfordító időkből. Szaktudománya, az ókori építészettörténet választása határozott irányt vett már működése elején. Építészmérnöki oklevele mellé hamar megszerezte a régészdiplomát, a tudományos címeket és a szakírói eredményeket. Oktatóként az építész szakma elejét, az építészeti rajztudást és a szakmatörténetet kidolgozott elvek alapján és változatosan közvetítette a hallgatók felé, az építé szeti felmérés, a szerkesztés és a rajzi kidolgozás lépcsői szerint. Az ókori építészetről szóló – Elő Ázsia, Egyiptom, Hellasz, Róma – előadásai mindig egy kidolgozott rendszer szerint, logikus szerkezetben és mindig élvezhető formában hangzottak el. Alapelve volt, hogy az építészet a tovább építés tudománya.

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