The first Hungarian kidney transplantation was performed in 1962, in Szeged, by András Németh (1924–1999). The first semester at the university in Szeged started in 1921, so this year we celebrate the centenary. This event inspired authors to review the history of kidney transplantation in Szeged, remembering the first one and point of the cornerstones in the transplant program. The donor of the first Hungarian kidney transplantation was the brother of the recipient. The operation itself was technically successful, but the lack of immunosuppression caused graft rejection, and the patient died after 79 days. His brother, the donor was healthy, after 50 years, and he encouraged everybody to donate organs. The organized kidney transplant program started more than 10 years later, in 1973, in Budapest. The program was supported by the Ministry of Health. Szeged joined the program in 1979 led by Ernő Csajbók and Pál Szenohradszky. In the Transplant Center in Szeged, developed organizationally as well as professionally, 1701 kidney transplantation has been performed up to the end of the year 2021.
On the centenary of Gyula Hajnóczi’s birth, we commemorate the architect, the archaeologist, the teacher, the writer, the scientist, as well as the man and our colleague in the framework of a conference. This time, in memory of the teacher of architecture history and our colleague at the department, his teachers are introduced from the time of the start of his career, from life and regime changing times. Hajnóczi’s specialization, i.e. choosing the history of ancient architecture, took a definite direction from the very beginning of his practice. In addition to his certification in architecture, he soon obtained his diploma in archaeology, then achieved scientific titles and professional results. As an instructor, he conveyed the introductory knowledge of the architect profession, architectural drawing, and the history of the profession to the students on the basis of well-developed principles, performed in various ways. He followed the stages of architectural survey, technical drawing and graphic elaboration. His lectures on ancient architecture – Prehistoric Asia, Egypt, Hellas, Rome – were always performed according to an elaborated system, in a logical structure and always in an enjoyable form. His maxim was that architecture was the science of continuous building.
Hajnóczi Gyula születésének századik évfordulójára konferencia keretében emlékezünk az építészre, a régészre, a tanárra, a szakíróra, a tudósra, illetve az emberre, a kollégára. Ezúttal az építészettörténet tanárára, a tanszéki munkatársra emlékezve felvázoljuk az ő tanárainak sorát pályakezdésének idejéből, a sors és rendszerfordító időkből. Szaktudománya, az ókori építészettörténet választása határozott irányt vett már működése elején. Építészmérnöki oklevele mellé hamar megszerezte a régészdiplomát, a tudományos címeket és a szakírói eredményeket. Oktatóként az építész szakma elejét, az építészeti rajztudást és a szakmatörténetet kidolgozott elvek alapján és változatosan közvetítette a hallgatók felé, az építé szeti felmérés, a szerkesztés és a rajzi kidolgozás lépcsői szerint. Az ókori építészetről szóló – Elő Ázsia, Egyiptom, Hellasz, Róma – előadásai mindig egy kidolgozott rendszer szerint, logikus szerkezetben és mindig élvezhető formában hangzottak el. Alapelve volt, hogy az építészet a tovább építés tudománya.
For the centenary of the Department of Surgery, University of Szeged we have investigated and summarized the results and outcomes of 779 anti-reflux surgery cases between 1. January 2000 – 31. May 2021. The indication for surgery was made in close collaboration with the internal medicine workgroup depending on the results of endoscopy and functional tests. The primer indication for surgery was medical therapy-resistant reflux disease. Based on our clinical practice we performed laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in 98,2% of the cases.
Besides the long- and short-term postoperative complications, we investigated the long-term effect of anti-reflux surgery on acid and bile reflux, and the improvement of the patients' quality of life using the Visick score, and modified GERD-HRLQ score. Our investigations have proven the effect of acid and bile reflux in the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus and furthermore we have confirmed that laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery restores the function of the lower esophageal sphincter and eliminates acid and bile reflux, so in certain cases Barrett's esophagus regression can be achieved. But due to the heterogeneity of GERD and Barrett's esophagus long-term and regular endoscopic control is necessary.
In the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy financial affairs remained the sovereign right of the Hungarian Kingdom. In the decades after the Compromise (1867) the finance ministry functioned at several separate venues in Buda Castle. Without calling a plan competition, finance minister László Lukács commissioned architect Sándor Fellner (1857-1944) to design a building complex that would house the entire ministry, and 4 million crowns were earmarked in article XXXIV of 1900 for the construction. The sketches submitted by Fellner, who started his studies in the forerunner of the Budapest Technical University and completed them in Vienna and Paris, were approved on the very last day of the 19th century. In terms of function, the design adopted the cell model, providing each official a room of his own. The rooms were separated and only accessible from lateral corridors. The most attractive appearance was given to the wing with the main staircase and state-room in Szentháromság square. The pair of towers flanking the projecting central section were crowned by roofs adopting the outline of the gothic tower cap of Maria am Gestade in Vienna. The brass knights on the pinnacles also reminded of the Rathausmann of the imperial city. The first section of the lateral wing in Hess András square contained the minister’s suite of rooms, the wing across from it in Országház street included the secretary of state’s offices and representative rooms. The ceremony of laying the foundation stone was held in spring 1901 and the capping celebration was on 19 September 1902, the centenary of Lajos Kossuth’s birth. (Female day-wage labourers got 2 crowns bonus, the chief master builder received 1500 crowns.) The palace, which caused controversy among contemporaries as well (Wasn’t it in conflict on account of its volume and forms with the architecture of the Matthias Church, the church of coronations, renovated by Frigyes Schulek?) could be occupied in late 1904. In terms of innovation and engineering, the archival wing was outstanding, a witness of early Hungarian concrete iron constructions documented by sources. Built with great craftsmanship and abounding in splendid details – equipped lavishly with materials and products from all over historical Hungary – the palace, which represented its status well, was badly damaged in the siege of Buda in 1944/45 (Festung Budapest). The architect, whose active career of sixty years was acknowledged by his admission to the Incorporated Architects & Surveyors (London) in 1937, did not live to see the crumbling of the walls. The monument he had designed in the Jewish cemetery in Kozma street only features his wife’s name who died young (1907). The new looks of his building resulted from the reconstruction led by Jenő Rados (1947-1950). A contemporary critic with the fresh outlook of the new era declared that the resulting simplified form, particularly of the main façade, turned the former Finance Ministry into a truly monumental building.