ForeignPolicy. Diss. Chicago 1966, 20–27; Vossing 2014, 34–37; Wijnendaele 2015 , 74–78. 81 See also Olymp. Frag. 42 where the story of a Barbarian foederatus is given, but his nationality is omitted. 82 Theoretically, a success against the Vandals in
which required a foreignpolicy (Transalpine countries and the Byzantine Empire), and closer relations with the ecclesiastical hierarchies. 9 In Lombard society, the ruling class, as was customary, was the first to adapt to ʻinternational status symbols
This article would like to serve as an addition to the perceived historical picture of Hungary in the Anglo-Saxon world, relying on articles published in British but mainly in American daily newspapers and magazines in the 1920s and 1930s. While some of the articles were by Hungarian authors or authors with Hungarian origins, the majority was not and, so they give a good indication about the impressions that Anglo-Saxon peoples were both having and getting about Interwar Hungary. One can find voices from both the Left and Right of the political spectrum, positive and negative interpretations of Hungary alike in such well-known periodicals as The New Republic and Foreign Affairs, or lesser known outlets as The Living Age or Current History. In addition, the study invites the opinion of several American ministers who served in Hungary in the examined period. There unpublished opinions about their host country add further nuances to the picture of Hungary and Hungarians in American minds. These opinions together, ranging from domestic policies to the foreign policy issues that all sprang from the Paris peace treaties, also contributed to the larger understanding of Hungarian political and cultural issues. This picture is a colorful one, spanning from politics to economics, from cultural to psychological aspects.
The conquests of Athens benefited not only the citizens of Athens, but also the gods themselves. In fact, during the 5th century BC, Athens also dedicated parcels of confiscated land to the gods (Athena, Apollo, Poseidon, etc.) in the conquered territories, which were sometimes organized into cleruchies. This is evidenced in many cases by the boundary stones (horoi) found in Aigina, Chalkis, Samos, Kos etc., which indicate that the land is part of the sanctuary area of the deity. These land holdings were often rented out and the rent received was used to finance the cult place of the deity. The study examines the religious aspects of Athenian expansive foreign policy in the light of the available literary and epigraphical sources.
The Treaty of Trianon was the peace settlement that the victors of World War I imposed on Hungary after the war. The treaty's severity was unprecedented in modern European history. By dismembering the multi-ethnic “historic Kingdom of Hungary” the treaty left Hungarians less than a third of their former territory and transferred 3.3 million of them to neighboring states. Not surprisingly, Trianon came as a shock to the Hungarian people and constituted an enduring blow to the Magyar national psyche. During the next quarter century, Hungarians were obsessed with the idea of reversing this dictum and the primary objective of their foreign policies was the creation of international conditions in which the revision of Trianon could become possible. For this purpose the regime in Budapest sought allies, as this aim could be attained only with outside help. By the first half of 1941 this search had led to Hungary's entanglement in an alliance with Nazi Germany. Once Hungary became a partner in the Nazi war, the danger emerged that if the country did not toe the German line, Hitler would reverse the frontier adjustments that he had rendered earlier in Hungary's favor. Already during the late summer of 1941 some of Hungary's statesmen realized that the Third Reich might not win the war, but their plans to limit their contribution to the Nazi war effort and to prepare for defection from the Axis were frustrated by the fear that, if they abandoned or weakened the alliance with Berlin, no more “lost” Hungarian lands could be regained and lands already recovered might be forfeited again.
compromised, but Horthy and Apponyi, as well as Great Britain and Italy were backing him.
First, some officials in the French foreignpolicy establishment wanted to make use of the scandal and cause a government crisis or
describing ant battles speak for themselves: War and ForeignPolicy or Warfare among Ants . Many ant species – the most aggressive and belligerent creatures among all animals – wage wars over their territories. They utterly destroy the neighbouring
the Iron Guard’s removal from government, was no longer driven by ideology as it was by “strong national feelings” and by “some tactical foreignpolicy goals.” 15 Culture and music bore witness to Romania’s stepping on this political path, as Beet