Authors:Monnica T. Williams, Sara Reed, and Ritika Aggarwal
), under the guidance of the FDA. This site was the only one focused on the recruitment of ethnoracial minority participants meeting criteria for PTSD. The site protocol emphasized culturally sensitive and respectful treatment approaches for people of
Authors:Daria J. Kuss, Mark D. Griffiths, and Halley M. Pontes
disorder affecting a minority of individuals.
Starcevic ( 2017 ) also appears to claim that those working in the IGD field and who conceptualize IGD as an addiction assume that persistent gaming behavior is engaged in as a way of avoiding withdrawal
Authors:Janarthanan Balakrishnan and Mark D. Griffiths
Social media is increasingly being used for communicating, learning, and collaborating, and for a small minority has become a potential problematic, compulsive, and/or addictive habit ( Kuss & Griffiths, 2017
Authors:Michael Auer, Niklas Hopfgartner, and Mark D. Griffiths
Gambling has become a widely viewed socially acceptable form of recreation ( Stucki & Rihs-Middel, 2007 ) and is an enjoyable and harmless activity for most individuals. However, for a small minority, severe
Authors:Miles Richardson, Zaheer Hussain, and Mark D. Griffiths
, 2010 ), which in turn can lead to problematic smartphone use (PSU) among a minority of individuals. The prevalence of PSU varies between populations, but has been reported at 10% among British adolescents ( Lopez-Fernandez, Honrubia-Serrano, Freixa
Authors:Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D. Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, and René Klinkby Støving
identification of adolescent exercise addiction.
Exercise addiction appears to be prevalent in a minority of adolescents and emerging adults, especially among those with an eating disorder, and it is associated with negative exercise and eating attitudes
Authors:Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Niko Männikkö, Maria Kääriäinen, Mark D. Griffiths, and Daria J. Kuss
detrimental health effects for a small minority of users, including depression, anxiety, stress, worse mood, specific personality disorders, and low self-control ( Cheever, Rosen, Carrier, & Chavez, 2014 ; Jeong et al., 2016 ; Thomée, Härenstam, & Hagberg
further increase to 2.73 billion by 2021 ( Statista, 2017b ). In light of these number, the minority of gamers is sizeable and of significant public health concern ( Chung et al., 2018 ).
A large number of studies have concluded that excessive
these symptoms are suffered by only a minority population ( Kuss, Griffiths, Karila, & Billieux, 2014 ), a much larger proportion of adults report high engagement with the Internet and some of the early signs of CIU (such as excessive use; Charlton
Authors:Orsolya Király, Mark D. Griffiths, Daniel L. King, Hae-Kook Lee, Seung-Yup Lee, Fanni Bányai, Ágnes Zsila, Zsofia K. Takacs, and Zsolt Demetrovics
, similar to other highly rewarding activities, a minority of gamers pursue the activity in such an excessive manner that it leads to negative life consequences (i.e., impaired interpersonal relationships, decrease in work or educational performance