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). Moll , Douglas , ‘Minority Oppression & the Limited Liability Company: Learning (or Not) from Close Corporation History’ ( 2005 ) 40 Wake Forest Law Review – Public Law and Legal Theory Series 2006-A-01 . 883- 975

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on the need of the average voter in order to win another election. However, governments are not focussing on minority issues or problems of specific groups, if they are not crucial for the average voter. From this perspective, international students

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: Doctor of Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Habilitation. Present position: member of the Doctoral School for Education and Society in Pécs University. Key qualifications: integration of minorities (e.g. Roma), multiculturalism, social, economic and regional

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relate to formal education for their children. Thus, the concepts of social structure and agency are used as analytical tools. 2 In the following, “mothers/women” and “children/adolescents” will refer to persons belonging to the Roma national minority

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: The open war] . L'Express , 26 May . Holloway , S. J. , & Kirby , P. ( 2020 ). Neoliberalising education: New geographies of private tuition, class privilege, and minority ethnic advancement . Antipode: A Radical Journal of Geography , 52 ( 1

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minority woman and later try to settle down in Tibet (e.g. S4's father). I stayed in the village for the second visit and lodged in the home of a teacher close to me. We went to the school together in the morning and then he helped me arrange interviews. I

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founded in Pecs. The theoretical background of the Department of Romology of the University was established in 2001, which, like the university education of other minorities, provided training in languages, culture, history, and social competences basis

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mother and Sinteza in her 30s, i.e., she belongs to the national recognized ethnic minority of Sinti and Roma (Romani people) in Germany. She finished secondary school, a hairstyling apprenticeship, and is currently living with her two children as a

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In 2014 there were three elections in Hungary: the election of Members of Parliaments, the election of members of the European Parliament, furthermore, the elections of representatives and mayors of municipalities and of representatives of national minority local self-governments. The Hungarian Parliament passed a new act on electoral procedure in 2013 and we have had a new Criminal Code since 2012. This study examines a new legal institution, the recommendation sheets, which raise many questions, including criminal liability. The main theme of the study is the misuses related to recommendation sheets.

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Sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS) are incessant non-tariff barriers (NTBs) to trade in both intra and extra-African trade. New SPS measures are now set up in the African Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) that amalgamate three existing regional economic communities (RECs): The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the South African Development Community (SADC), and the East African Community (EAC).

This article compares and contrasts the SPS measures obligations as set out in Annex 15 of the TFTA to the WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement). Additionally, the application of ‘abusive SPS measures based on minority science’ as non-tariff trade barriers to both internal and external African trade especially on agricultural products is analysed. An increase in transparency and accountability in the formulation of NTBs monitoring mechanisms in the COMESA, SADC, and EAC would address this ever present problem. The TFTA in Annex 15 is a case of SPS-Minus as it has a number of serious shortcomings including the lack of important obligations of sufficient risk assessment, non-discrimination, equivalence, the precautionary principle, and specific reference to consultations and dispute settlement. Notwithstanding these omissions, the TFTA has the potential for great achievement in the curbing of NTBs generally and unjustified SPS measures specifically because of the monitoring, transparency, and harmonisation obligations. If the Tripartite mandate, however, turns out to be like most other ‘loose’ integration efforts in Africa, then there is reason to believe that the NTB monitoring and reporting mechanism is not going to bear much fruit.

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