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illnesses, populations, and cultural settings. IPQ-R has been widely applied in different countries and languages to understand both physical problems (e.g., hypertension and cancer) and mental illnesses ( Cabassa, Lagomasino, Dwight-Johnson, Hansen, & Xie

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Petra Anna Golovics, Péter László Lakatos, Gyula Dávid, Tünde Pandur, Zsuzsanna Erdélyi, Ágnes Horváth, Gábor Mester, Mihály Balogh, István Szipocs, Csaba Molnár, Erzsébet Komáromi, Barbara Dorottya Lovász, Miklós Szathmári, Lajos S. Kiss, and László Lakatos

clinical characteristics, course, and prognosis of inflammatory bowel disease during the last 5 decades: a population-based study from Copenhagen, Denmark. Inflamm. Bowel Dis., 2007, 13 , 481–489. Vind I

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literature. The present study In a population-based study, we investigated the level of addictive use of SNS in the Hong Kong male adult general population and factors associated with addictive use of SNS, including

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to be mentioned that most studies have not been based on general population samples. The aim of this study was to investigate associations of self-esteem with IA under consideration of comorbid psychiatric disorders. The following hypotheses

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: László Fésüs, Attila Zsolnai, István Anton, and László Sáfár

Áldásy, P. and Süveges, T. (1964): Incidence of scrapie in the domestic sheep population (in Hungarian, with English abstract). Magyar Állatorvosok Lapja 19 , 463

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Edward B. McNeil, Nopporn Tantirangsee, Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon, and Thai National Mental Health Survey Team

have mostly focused on pathological gamblers, mainly because these types of gamblers are a treatment-seeking sample. Population-based studies not only eliminate treatment-seeking bias but also cover all levels of gambling populations, including at

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Animals A total of 18 male Sprague–Dawley (SD) rats of 8 weeks old weighing 100 g each were used for this study. They were housed in plastic cages at a population of six rats per cage at a room (daylight) temperature of about 29–32 °C. All

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While the effects of instantaneous, single-bout exposure to hypoxia have been well researched, little is known about the autonomic response during, or as an adaptation to, repeated intermittent hypoxic exposure (IHE) in a sedentary population. Resting heart rate variability (HRV) and exercise capacity was assessed in 16 participants (8 receiving IHE, [Hyp] and 8 receiving a placebo treatment [C]) before and after a 4-week IHE intervention. Heart rate variability was also measured during an IHE session in the last week of the intervention. Post-intervention, the root mean squared successive difference (rMSSD) increased substantially in Hyp (71.6 ± 52.5%, mean change ± 90% confidence limits) compared to C suggesting an increase in vagal outflow. However, aside from a likely decrease in submaximal exercise heart rate in the Hyp group (–5.0 ± 6.4%) there was little evidence of improved exercise capacity. During the week 4 IHE measurement, HRV decreased during the hypoxic exposure (reduced R-R interval: –7.5 ± 3.2%; and rMSSD: –24.7 ± 17.3%) suggesting a decrease in the relative contribution of vagal activity. In summary, while 4 weeks of IHE is unlikely to improve maximal exercise capacity, it may be a useful means of increasing HRV in people unable to exercise.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Jelena Blagojević, Milanko Šekler, Marija Rajičić, Branka Pejić, Ivana Budinski, Vladimir M. Jovanović, Tanja Adnađević, Dejan Vidanović, Kazimir Matović, and Mladen Vujošević

The greatest epidemiological significance of leptospirosis in Europe comes from the fact that it is the most widespread zoonosis in the world. However, epizootiological data, especially information on maintenance hosts such as small wild mammals, are largely missing. To fill this gap in data in Serbia, we used RT-PCR for the detection of pathogenic Leptospira species and analysed 107 animals belonging to six species of small wild mammals (Apodemus agrarius, Apodemus flavicollis, Microtus arvalis, Myodes glareolus, Microtus subterraneus and Sorex araneus) collected from two localities. The animals from the first locality that was situated in a tourist area, were collected for four consecutive years (2014–2017). We found persistent incidence of infection from year to year ranging from 6.67% to 78.57%. The average frequency of infected animals was 33.3% with the highest frequency in 2014, the year characterised by a very high number of flooding days. All animals proved to be infected with pathogenic Leptospira species that were collected from the second locality situated in an agricultural area in a single year, 2014. The findings show a variable but constant presence of pathogenic Leptospira species in populations of small wild mammals in the studied areas, which indicates the need for constant monitoring.

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Tran Duc Anh Ly, Linda Hadjadj, Van Thuan Hoang, Ndiaw Goumbala, Thi Loi Dao, Sekene Badiaga, Herve Tissot-Dupont, Philippe Brouqui, Didier Raoult, Jean-Marc Rolain, and Philippe Gautret

Introduction Little information is available about gastrointestinal bacterial infections in homeless populations. During 2015–2016 a multistate outbreak of Shigella occurred among homeless persons in Oregon, USA. There, the homeless accounted for

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