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Abstract

A total of 1,514 fossil bones were studied from the Vaskapu II rock shelter (Bükk Mountains, North Hungary). The objective of this study was to investigate those processes of bone modification that were important in the dispersal, destruction and preservation of bone in the deposit. Size-selective taphonomic processes were detected in the accumulation of vertebrate remains. The fossils were transported by water through a 15 m high fissure system above the locality during repeated precipitation and thawing. Size-sorting of the bones occurred within the fissures. During this process the fossils were damaged and fragmented and the remains were eventually emplaced into the Vaskapu II rock shelter. The size-sorting is statistically established by a method based on the chisquare test. This method clearly describes the differences between the life and death assemblages.

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The thermal degradation of a sort of polyvinyl chloride was investigated. Complex processes for polyvinyl chloride degradation were evidenced. The kinetic analysis of dehydrochlorination and of subsequent processes was carried out. A change of mechanism was detected when dehydrochlorination goes to completion. The values of non-isothermal kinetic parameters determined by various methods are in a satisfactory agreement. The obtained results allowed some clarifications concerning the thermal degradation steps.

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The metaphor of maps as cognitive tools aiding scientific discovery may be particularly appropriate for discussing the role of the periodic table of the elements in the progress of chemistry. In a tribute to the contributions ofDerek Price, the use of maps, their advantages and disadvantages, and changes in the table are explored. The authors conclude that the table did serve as a general guide to discovery but that more insightful models of a different sort also played an important role.

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The notion of subscripted variable leads to several complications in computer science. Our aim is to clarify this notion in a mathematically proper way. In this paper languages with subscripted variables are considered as certain two-sorted Peano-algebras; semantics and substitution are treated on this foundation. The Hoare axiom for assignments to subscripted variables is derived as an example for application of this algebraic approach.

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Radioisotope induced X-ray fluorescence analysis is a rather simple and convenient method for investigating ashed plant material. In order to reduce matrix effects, thin samples (2 mg/cm2) are analyzed to obtain a reasonable compromise between maximum sensitivity and the lowest possible absorption effects. Concentrations are determined by standard addition method. A precision of 6–8% can be achieved. As an application, analytical results are given for whole grains of several sorts of wheat.

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The small leaden, seal-like objects used to note and testify the origin, type and quality of different sorts of cloth fabrics are almost unknown in the Hungarian scholarly literature. This paper gives the evaluation of the 115 medieval and early modern cloth seals from the Hungarian National Museum.

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La Double Identité du Comte Petőfy: Dilemme Mortel

Théodore Fontane, le Comte Petőfy, Serpent à Plumes, 1997, Première Édition en 1884

Hungarian Studies
Author:
Henri Montety

Dans le Comte Petőfy (personnage littéraire à ne pas confondre avec le poète éponyme), Fontane propose de comparer le destin d’un vieil aristocrate hongrois et d’une jeune actrice allemande avec le sort de la Hongrie: entre indépendance et alliance étrangère, entre l’idéal et la réalité, entre le possible et l’insupportable. La vie hongroise est un théâtre sur lequel on donne toujours une pièce tragique. Cela se termine en suicide.

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A “Hungarian experience”

Some French travelers in Hungary between the two World Wars

Hungarian Studies
Author:
Henri De Montety

Travelling is often a path to awareness. French travelers in Hungary between the two wars were penetrating another world which, however, was close to their hearts. The Ancient regime, for Pierre Delattre. The hope to meet a spirit hostile to all kinds of domination, for Pierre Chaillet. His own dreamt past for the young Nicolas de Rochefort. As far as Aurélien Sauvageot, Aldo Dami and even the journalists of the Action Française are concerned, Hungary was a sort of “almost perfect” distorting mirror.

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By sorting and comparing 18 verb forms in Khitan Small Script and 7 verb forms in Khitan Large Script that denote ‘to marry, to be given as wife’, the current study deals with the relation between the Khitan Large Script and Khitan Small Script forms. Further, it analyzes problems connected with their orthography, morphological and grammatical structure, with the grammatical cases governed by the verb and considers possible etymologies of the verbal stem.

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At the Pollack Mihaly Faculty of Engineering we completed the traditional ‘excatedra’ style of teaching with a workshop/studio sort of practical education. Besides the engineering knowledge of architect education the methodology of teaching the elements of artistic creativity represented the greatest challenge. In this context our students have the opportunity to take part in preparatory courses, summer camps, courses in the workshop of famous masters, and work with our lecturers.

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