Search Results

You are looking at 31 - 40 of 63 items for :

  • "standard enthalpy of formation" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

Abstract  

The enthalpies of dissolution of ZrCl4, ZrBr4, HfCl4 and HfBr4 in water in weakly acidic and alkaline solutions were measured at 25C in a calorimeter provided with an isothermal cover. The standard enthalpies of formation of Zr(OH)4 and Hf(OH)4 in solution were measured. The thermodynamic characteristics of the reactions which resulted in the formation of tetrahydroxy complexes of Zr and Hf in aqueous solution were also determined.

Restricted access

Abstract  

With the use of various calculation methods, unknown thermodynamic properties (TP) of Bi2O5 and BiO2, as well as the temperature dependencies of reduced Gibbs energy (TDRGE) were determined. With the help of thermodynamic simulation (TS) methods at 300–1500 K, common P=105 Pa the thermal decompositions of condensed Bi2O5, BiO2, Bi2O3 and BiO have been investigated in initial atmosphere of O2 and Ar. Every condensed substance was presented as the individual phase. It was found that BixOyoxides have temperature stability fields and also districts of possible mixture formation. During equilibrium heating of BixOy oxides the various types of phase transformations were observed. The characteristics of some transformations were estimated.

Restricted access

Thermodynamic investigation of room temperature ionic liquid

Heat capacity and thermodynamic functions of BPBF4

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Z. Zhang, L. Sun, Z. Tan, F. Xu, X. Lv, J. Zeng, and Y. Sawada

Abstract  

The molar heat capacities of the room temperature ionic liquid 1-butylpyridinium tetrafluoroborate (BPBF4) were measured by an adiabatic calorimeter in temperature range from 80 to 390 K. The dependence of the molar heat capacity on temperature is given as a function of the reduced temperature X by polynomial equations, C p,m [J K−1 mol−1]=181.43+51.297X −4.7816X 2−1.9734X 3+8.1048X 4+11.108X 5 [X=(T−135)/55] for the solid phase (80–190 K), C p,m [J K−1 mol−1]= 349.96+25.106X+9.1320X 2+19.368X 3+2.23X 4−8.8201X 5 [X=(T−225)/27] for the glass state (198–252 K), and C p,m[J K−1 mol−1]= 402.40+21.982X−3.0304X 2+3.6514X 3+3.4585X 4 [X=(T−338)/52] for the liquid phase (286–390 K), respectively. According to the polynomial equations and thermodynamic relationship, the values of thermodynamic function of the BPBF4 relative to 298.15 K were calculated in temperature range from 80 to 390 K with an interval of 5 K. The glass transition of BPBF4 was observed at 194.09 K, the enthalpy and entropy of the glass transition were determined to be ΔH g=2.157 kJ mol−1 and ΔS g=11.12 J K−1 mol−1, respectively. The result showed that the melting point of the BPBF4 is 279.79 K, the enthalpy and entropy of phase transition were calculated to be ΔH m = 8.453 kJ mol−1 and ΔS m=30.21 J K−1 mol−1. Using oxygen-bomb combustion calorimeter, the molar enthalpy of combustion of BPBF4 was determined to be Δc H m 0 = −5451±3 kJ mol−1. The standard molar enthalpy of formation of BPBF4 was evaluated to be Δf H m 0 = −1356.3±0.8 kJ mol−1 at T=298.150±0.001 K.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The molar excess enthalpies of 1,2- and 1,3-propanediamine+1,2- and 1,3-propanediol have been determined at 298.15 K by using a twin-microcalorimeter which requires each component liquid 1 to 1.5 cm3 for a series of runs over the whole range of mole fraction. All excess enthalpies are exothermic and large. An equilibrium constant K1 expressed in terms of mole fractions and standard enthalpy of formation of 1:1 complex have been evaluated by ideal mixtures of momomeric molecules and their associated complexes.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The enthalpy of formation for LiMyMn2–yO4 (M=Co, Cr, Li, Mg, Ni) was measured by a Tian-Calvet type high temperature isothermal microcalorimeter. The standard enthalpy of formation for LiMn2O4 at 876 K was evaluated to be H f 0=–1404.2±6.4 kJ mol–1. The partial substitution of Co and Ni for Mn decreased the absolute H f 0 value, while that of Cr and Mg for Mn increased the absolute H f 0 value. In the case of the partial substitution of Li for Mn, no marked change in H f 0 could be observed.

Restricted access

Abstract

The heat capacities of selected inorganic binary and ternary alkali metal compounds are determined using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). As part of an ongoing research program at Battelle Memorial Institute since 1983, the heat capacities of cesium and rubidium chalcogenides, aluminates, silicates and uranates in the temperature range 310 to 800 K have been added to the series of compounds. The measured data is to be combined with the standard enthalpies of formation and low temperature heat capacities to obtain reliable thermodynamic data on the alkali metal compounds to high temperatures.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The energies of combustion of creatine (anhydrous and monohydrate), creatinine, and arginine were measured in a static bomb adiabatic calorimeter, in pure oxygen at 3,040 kPa. The derived standard enthalpies of formation in solid state of the above-mentioned compounds are, respectively, −520.4 ± 4.3, −809.7 ± 1.3, −204.2 ± 7.0, and −634.8 ± 2.3 kJ mol−1 . The data of enthalpy of formation are compared with literature values and with estimated values by means of group additivity. The dehydration of creatine monohydrate and the processes occurring in the three guanidine derivatives at temperatures exceeding 200 °C were investigated by means of DSC.

Restricted access

Abstract  

A detailed thermodynamic study of the systems LnSe2LnSe1.5 (Ln = La, Nd) was performed by static method of vapour pressure measurement using quartz membrane-gauge manometers within the temperature range 713–1,395 K. The p SeTx dependences obtained in this study have shown that the phase regions in composition intervals studied consist of discrete phases: LnSe1.95 LnSe1.90, LnSe1.85, LnSe1.80 (Ln = La, Nd). The enthalpies and the entropies for the stepwise dissociation process were calculated from the experimental data. The standard enthalpies of formation and the absolute entropies were estimated for the compounds investigated using literature data.

Restricted access

Thermodynamic investigation of room temperature ionic liquid

Heat capacity and thermodynamic functions of BMIBF4

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Z. Zhang, Z. Tan, Y. Li, and L. Sun

Abstract  

The molar heat capacities of the room temperature ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (BMIBF4) were measured by an adiabatic calorimeter in temperature range from 80 to 390 K. The dependence of the molar heat capacity on temperature is given as a function of the reduced temperature X by polynomial equations, C P,m (J K–1 mol–1)= 195.55+47.230 X–3.1533 X 2+4.0733 X 3+3.9126 X 4 [X=(T–125.5)/45.5] for the solid phase (80~171 K), and C P,m (J K–1 mol–1)= 378.62+43.929 X+16.456 X 2–4.6684 X 3–5.5876 X 4 [X=(T–285.5)/104.5] for the liquid phase (181~390 K), respectively. According to the polynomial equations and thermodynamic relationship, the values of thermodynamic function of the BMIBF4 relative to 298.15 K were calculated in temperature range from 80 to 390 K with an interval of 5 K. The glass translation of BMIBF4 was observed at 176.24 K. Using oxygen-bomb combustion calorimeter, the molar enthalpy of combustion of BMIBF4 was determined to be Δc H m o= – 5335±17 kJ mol–1. The standard molar enthalpy of formation of BMIBF4 was evaluated to be Δf H m o= –1221.8±4.0 kJ mol–1 at T=298.150±0.001 K.

Restricted access

Hydrothermally synthesized CoOOH and CoOOD were characterized by chemical, X-ray and thermal analysis. The thermal decomposition leads to CO3O4, H2O(g) or D2O(g) and O2 in a one-step reaction typical for hydroxides. The decomposition temperature depends on the partial pressure of the gaseous reaction products. High-temperature calorimetric studies allowed determination of the standard enthalpy of formation ΔB H

Restricted access