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The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of changing ethnic patterns in Transylvania since the fall of Communism in Romania in 1989. The ethnic structure of this multicultural province was dominated by Hungarians, Romanians and Germans from the early 13th century until the middle of 20th century and by Romanians, Hungarians and Roma since 1989. The natural decrease and the increasing (e)migration of the population associated with the economic, social and political changes of the epoch has led to considerable changes in the ethnic structure of Transylvania. The most striking ethnic changes are the accelerated decrease of the population of the national minorities (mostly of Germans and Hungarians) and the dynamic demographic growth of the Roma population. Nearly half of the Hungarians live in municipalities where they represent an absolute majority of the local population (e.g., the Székely land and parts of Bihor-Satu Mare-Sǎlaj counties). As a result of their dynamic increase (25% between 1992 and 2002), the Roma community might outnumber the Hungarians in the decade to come, becoming the second largest ethnic group (to the Romanians) of Transylvania (according to estimates and not census data).

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://www.insse.ro/cms/files/statistici/comunicate/com_anuale/Prod_veg/prod_veg_r13 (in Romanian) Dakouri , A. , McCallum , B.D. , Walichnowski , A.Z. , Cloutier , S. 2010 . Fine-mapping of the leaf rust Lr34 locus in Triticum aestivum (L.) and characterization of

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Two type specimens, Cynoglossum paucisetum and Cynoglossum velebiticum based on plants collected by Vince Borbás in today’s Romania and Croatia were selected.

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Central European Geology
Authors: Elemér Pál-Molnár, Luca Kiri, Réka Lukács, István Dunkl, Anikó Batki, Máté Szemerédi, Enikő Eszter Almási, Edina Sogrik, and Szabolcs Harangi

Introduction The Ditrău Alkaline Massif (DAM), located in the Eastern Carpathians (Romania), is an igneous suite characterized by complex structure and lithology. Since its first mention by Lilienbach (1833) the DAM has been studied, including its

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. Braescu , Raluca . 2012 . Adjectivul în limba româna: Sintaxa si semantica [The adjective in Romanian: Syntax and semantics]. Bucharest : Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Rodica-Mariana Ion, Mihaela-Lucia Ion, Radu Fierascu, Sever Serban, Irina Dumitriu, Constantin Radovici, Ionel Bauman, Stelian Cosulet, and Valentin Niculescu

Abstract  

The present work is focused on thermoanalytical investigations as thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and derivative thermal analysis (DTG), applied for the characterization of some samples collected from archaeological sites (Brasov and Trofeum Traiani) located in different regions of Romania. New informations derived about ceramic technologies concerning raw materials and binding materials (mineralogical components) have been obtained. All these experimental results have been correlated with related techniques as X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and inductively coupled plasma—atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). By progressive heating in static air atmosphere and in the temperature range of 20–800 °C, all investigated materials exhibit three main successive processes, associated with the dehydration and thermo-oxidative degradations. The rate of the first thermooxidative process, temperatures corresponding to the maximum rate of the second thermooxidative process and shrinkage temperature were associated with the damage of the investigated materials due to environmental impact. Heating also affects the contact between the fine-sized clay matrix and mineral clast fragments, appearing in reaction rims, sometimes showing newly formed phases. The temperature at which ancient ceramics and pottery were fired varies over a wide range (600–800 °C) depending on the type of clay used, although firing temperatures not above 30–400 °C have also been suggested. Clay minerals, as the main material for production of ceramics and pottery, show some characteristic reactions (dehydroxylation, decomposition, transformation) in the course of firing (heating effects) and several thermoanalytical criteria can be used for reconstruction of former production conditions.

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Due to the subcrustal earthquakes located at the sharp bend of the Southeast Carpathians, Vrancea zone in Romania has a high potential seismic hazard in Europe. Among several seismic precursors, radon anomalies in air, ground, and groundwater in the epicentral areas can be associated with the strain stress changes that occurred before and after earthquakes. In order to support this theoretical view, the main aim of this paper was to investigate temporal variations of radon concentration levels in air near the ground and in ground air by the use of solid state nuclear track detectors CR-39 and LR-115 in relation with some seismic events at two seismic stations Vrancioaia and Plostina, located in Vrancea active region. This paper reports essentially the observation of radon concentration levels in the air near the ground at 1 m height for the earthquakes that occurred during the period of November 2010–October 2011 and moment magnitudes M w in the range of
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$2.0 \le M_{\text{w}} \le 4.9$$ \end{document}
. The average radon concentration in air above the ground measured with CR-39 detectors recorded for 1 year period in Vrancea area was 1,094.58 ± 150.3 Bq/m3 and 10 days fluctuations were placed in the range of 129 ± 40 Bq/m3 and 5,888 ± 700 Bq/m3. Also have been reported measurements of in soil radon concentrations in drill holes at 0.5 m depths during period of March 1977–October 1980, just after 4 March 1977, M w 7.4 Vrancea earthquake. The knowledge of air–ground–gas 222Rn anomalies is very important for earthquake pre-signals assessment as well as for precisely location of geologic active faults.
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methods and methods for identifying combustion characteristics [ 9 – 14 ], thermal parameters, and kinetic parameters [ 14 – 17 ], to avail them for creating a more efficient design of combustion reactors [ 18 – 21 ]. In Romania, coals represent

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Románia nyugati határán, a Sebes-Körös partján romániai régészek 10-11. századi magyar sírokat tártak fel. A mellékletek alapján a temetkezések nagy része a 10. század közepe és vége közötti időszakból származik.

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This article proposes a general survey of a supposed mixed category in Romanian, namely the supine. It is shown that what seems to be a mixed verbal-nominal nature is a context-dependent behaviour, determined by syntactic categories that may select a supine form. The core argument is that the two behaviours are associated with different projections. These facts are naturally captured by the theoretical framework of Distributed Morphology. Three forms of Romanian grammar are derived from the same underspecified item, which is a categorially neutral stem feeding derivational and inflectional processes. Arguments are provided from the behaviour of forms which involve the same stem: nominalizations and past participles.

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