The analysis of the references contained in documents published by developed and underdeveloped countries indicate that developed and underdeveloped countries age the literature of international areas of science in a similar pattern; underdeveloped countries age the literature reflecting local problems slower than developed countries age the same literature, and the communication patterns among Regions follow a center-periphery model.
This review of social science bibliometric literature seeks to establish characteristics of the social science literature
and to understand their consequences for the coverage of literature databases and for interpretation of bibliometric social
science indicators based on such databases. The paper reviews what we know about social science publishing and database coverage
of it. It examines the main reasons why social science bibliometrics are problematic, namely: the centrality of books in social
science literature and their high citation rate; and the national orientation of social science literatures. The paper then
looks at reasons why social science bibliometrics holds increasing promise, namely: increasing internationalization; and good
coverage of scholarly journals.
Summary The literature on Terrorism and National Security (NS), and Homeland Security (HS) presents two sides of a coin: one side demonstrates the problematic nature of terrorism and asks for solutions; the other side tries to find a response and solutions to the problem. It was expected that the NS literature would emanate from the same source material as the HS publications. Analysis of the literature of terrorism, homeland security, and national security on Science Citation Index (SCI) has shown that the material on terrorism and NS stems from the same scientific sources; that is, the Social Sciences. In contrast, the HS scientific literature originates in the exact sciences, engineering, and life and environmental sources. The three kinds of literature have grown remarkably in recent years; however, cross-section search strategy between terrorism and HS studies yields small retrieval sets. This means that few articles both present the problem and propose possible solutions. Currently, HS is on one side of the scholarly arena, and NS and terrorism literature on the other side; they advance mostly in lines parallel to each other, but as the researcher moves from observing the core scientific literature toward the more general material, this state of affairs changes. Another analysis of a multimedia database, WorldCatalog (which indexes mostly books, but also videos and computer materials, both scientific and popular) demonstrates a different trend; the same publications deal with both terrorism and HS counter-terrorism, and suggested solutions.
This paper describes the mainstream scientific output of the scientific communities of four newly industrializing Asian countries (Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan) and considers its adequacy for describing local scientific activities in biochemistry, biology, physics, electrical engineering, and computer science. An examination of non mainstream scientific literature in these specialties shows that a high proportion of non mainstream authors also publish in mainstream literature. Data concerning degree of parochialism, age of references and use of vernacular literature are examined. The paper argues that it is misleading to characterize these peripheral scientific communities as principally stratified in function of local scientists' participation in mainstream science.
A comparative analysis carried out on the literature citation characteristics of two sets of Mexican research documents produced in the veterinary field-the undergraduate thesis and the research journal article-revealed distinct patterns of literature usage on the part of the authors. It is suggested that the differences reflect the relative qualities of the research undertaken by two populations with distinct research competence and experience.
The paper presents results of a study of information science periodical literature included intoRZh-Informatika in the period 1977–1983. The distribution of papers among periodicals and their language pattern are shown. The list of 95 periodicals that rendered at least 12 papers per year is also presented. The results are compared with some data taken from theSSCI-JCR database. Connections between information science and scientometrics are investigated by the overlap of periodical literature in both fields.
Authors:Wolfgang Glänzel, Frizo Janssens, and Bart Thijs
A novel subject-delineation strategy has been developed for the retrieval of the core literature in bioinformatics. The strategy
combines textual components with bibliometric, citation-based techniques. This bibliometrics-aided search strategy is applied
to the 1980–2004 annual volumes of the Web of Science. Retrieved literature has undergone a structural as well as quantitative
analysis. Patterns of national publication activity, citation impact and international collaboration are analysed for the
1990s and the new millennium.
The paper examines the use of references by applicants and the examiners in US patent documents by R&D scientists from CSIR
in India. It observes that scientists in CSIR use higher inputs of scientific information than the technical information in
patenting. The examiners do make their own prior art search and add significantly to the patent and non-patent literature,
which is distinctly different from the references given by the R&D scientists from CSIR. It identifies (a) the major disciplines
and the sub-disciplines that contribute most of the scientific knowledge, and (b) the countries from where most references
to patent literature are made. The applicants cite relatively less recent patent literature and more medium-term patent literature
in comparison to citations by examiners. The paper observes that there is scope of improvement in making relevant prior art
search, particularly, for patent literature by R&D scientists and in planning and organizing the information support for conducting
patentable R&D in CSIR.
Authors:A. Rivas, J. Deshler, F. Quimby, H. Mohammed, D. Wilson, R. Gonzalez, D. Lein, and P. Bruso
Interdisciplinary synthesis and validity analysis (ISVA), a structured learning approach which integrates learning and communication theories, meta-analytic evaluation methods,
and literature management-related technologies was applied in the context of the 1993–1997 bovine mastitis research literature.
This study investigated whether ISVA could: 1) facilitate the analysis and synthesis of interdisciplinary knowledge claims,
and 2) generate projects or research questions. The bovine mastitis-related literature was conceptualized as composed of microbiological,
immunological, and epidemiological dimensions. Keywords involving these dimensions were searched in theMedline andAgricola databases. A final list of 148 articles were retrieved, analyzed, synthesized into fifteen information sub-sets, and evaluated
for construct, internal, external and statistical validity through an interdisciplinary iterative dialogical process. Validity
threats were re-phrased as new research or educational projects.
Authors:Geert van Campenhout, Tom van Caneghem, and Steve van Uytbergen
In most scientific disciplines, a number of divergent and often highly specialized research areas are examined, which is reflected
in substantial differences among journal scopes. Using the accounting literature as an example, we argue that this diversity
in scopes should be considered when assessing journal influence. Concretely, we examine a citation-based structural influence
measure for a sample of 41 accounting journals. Next, we identify sub-areas in the accounting literature and we explore journal
influence in these sub-areas. Our results clearly demonstrate the importance of distinguishing between overall and sub-area
influence. In addition, we show that sub-areas should be identified using a fuzzy clustering procedure.