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Abstract

The study tested the proposition that relationship length influences female perceptions about the co-occurrence of traits in prospective mates. It was hypothesized that females when choosing short-term mates would infer that beautiful males possess positive personality traits and, alternatively, females when choosing long-term mates would infer dominant males possess other positive personality traits. To test the hypothesis, female university students viewed a target male that was available for either a long- or a short-term relationship. The target male's physical attractiveness and dominance was systematically manipulated. As predicted, females inferred physically attractive males were more intelligent and kind when evaluating potential short-term mates. When evaluating potential long-term mates the females inferred socially dominant males were more intelligent and kind.

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Several former studies have suggested that mates resemble each other in various personality traits. In the recent study Big Five Inventory was used to examine similarities and differences on fundamental dimensions of personality in heterosexual people. Additionally, we predict that homogamy also occurs in homosexual people, which was based on the recent evidence that gay men's mate preferences are hardly distinguishable from those of heterosexual men. However, our hypotheses were not supported by our data. No significant correlations have been found between mates in personality traits in neither heterosexuals, nor homosexuals. At the same time, an interesting result - more exactly, a lack of a significant relationship - was found: compared to heterosexuals, homosexuals, on average, did not show difference in any of the five subscales of Big Five Inventory. The measured similarities in personality traits correspond with some recent studies that concluded that homosexuals have the same set of psychological mechanisms, including sexual mental processes that heterosexuals do, except for sexual orientation. This argument is strongly supported by the modularity conception that states that domain-specific cognitive algorithms are responsible for guiding particular behavioral traits.

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Abstract

The facial photographs of 84 heterosexual women were rated for attractiveness by 74 males and 74 females who also made judgements regarding the personality and behaviour of these women. Both sexes judged physically attractive women as possessing more desirable personality traits and also as being more promiscuous than less attractive women. These findings extend the beauty-is-good stereotype, also attributing a more unrestricted sexual strategy to attractive women. This is consistent with research identifying the actual strategies of attractive women. It is argued that both sexes would benefit — in terms of mate choice and identification of rivals — from identifying attractive women as likely to be more promiscuous.

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Evolution, Mind and Behaviour
Authors: Glenn Geher, Scott Barry Kaufman, Justin R. Garcia, James C. Kaufman, and Blair Bryant Dawson

. , Warner , R. M. , & Brown , A. ( 2001 ). Predictive validity of the Emotional Accuracy Research Scale . Intelligence , 29 , 373 – 388 . Goldberg , L. R. ( 1993 ). The structure of phenotypic personality traits . American Psychologist , 48

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Abstract

There is increasing evidence that psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy is effective for a range of psychological conditions. There are likely numerous mechanisms of action that contribute to these clinical effects. One such mechanism of action might involve psychedelics increasing levels of empathic functioning. This paper synthesises research concerning the relationship between psychedelics and empathy, emphasising neuroscientific and clinical contexts. We conclude that neuropsychological and clinical evidence imply psychedelics could lead to increased empathic functioning. The effects of psychedelics on the 5-HT system, default mode network, neural connectivity and ego dissolution are implicated in these changes. Changes in empathic functioning also likely relate to increases in the personality trait of openness associated with psychedelic drug use, which is well documented. Increased empathic function likely has clinical implications, leading to increased social connectedness as well as prosocial attitudes and behaviours more broadly.

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Engin Karadağ, Şule Betül Tosuntaş, Evren Erzen, Pinar Duru, Nalan Bostan, Berrak Mizrak Şahin, İlkay Çulha, and Burcu Babadağ

between online game addiction and aggression, selfcontrol and narcissistic personality traits . European Psychiatry , 23 ( 3 ), 212 – 218 Kline , R. B. ( 2005

Open access

personality traits and the overall risk taking score (RTI). In this model, the independent variables were gender (coded as female = 0, male = 1), age, education, the six personality traits, three dichotomous variables for spiritual practices involving

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/avoidance personality traits: A two stage (valuation-motivation) approach . Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews , 36 , 2339 – 2354 . Corr , P. J. , & Mutinelli , S. ( 2017 ). Motivation and young people’s career planning: A perspective from the

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, 1966 ), and Hallucinogen Rating Scale ( Strassman, Qualls, Uhlenhuth, & Kellner, 1994 ) had not been entered into the corpus. A list of other important reactions to psychedelics, personality traits, and indices of functioning could be extensive. Adding

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( Buss 2008 ). It can facilitate the recognition of subtle cues of partner's potential infidelity and activate the preventive behaviors. Approaches to jealousy are various: jealousy as a personality trait, jealousy as a specific emotion, jealousy as a set

Open access