Authors:Maite Rico, Joaquín López, Rebeca Bouza, and Rosa Bellas
]. The final properties and thermalbehavior of thermosets depend mainly on the degree of crosslinking of the polymer, which is determined by the functionality of the reactive monomers and the stoichiometry of the reaction [ 3 ]. The presence of the
Authors:H. X. Ma, B. Yan, Y. H. Ren, Y. Hu, Y. L. Guan, F. Q. Zhao, J. R. Song, and R. Z. Hu
,3-dinitroazetidine (DNAZ, pK b = 6.5) [ 3 , 4 ] can prepare a variety of solid energetic DNAZ salts with high oxygen-balance [ 3 , 5 – 11 ]. In this study, the energetic salt of DNAZ with perchloric acid (HClO 4 ) was synthesized, its thermalbehavior was studied
Authors:C. Tănase, Lucia Odochian, N. Apostolescu, and A. Pui
their medicinal properties [ 2 , 3 ]. The thermalbehaviour of the edible mushroom species is not yet to be found in the scientific literature.
Since these mushrooms are used for food either as such or thermally processed in industry
An improved method for the synthesis of four heterotrinuclearpolyacids of the type: Hx[EM′yM″zO40⋅nH2O (E=P, Si; M′=Mo, W; M″=V, W) was elaborated. The studied compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra and thermal behaviour over
20–800C temperature range.
Thermal behaviour of raw fly ashes-wasted products from various Polish power plants has been investigated using X-ray diffractions
(XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic (FT-IR), differential thermal analysis (DTA) and thermogravimetry (TG). On
the basis of the DTA and TG analysis differentiation between examined ashes has been made, which could not be achieved by
XRD and FT-IR methods.
Authors:B. Gaur, B. Lochab, V. Choudhary, and I. Varma
The paper describes the synthesis of low molecular mass poly(allyl chloride) (PAC) (Mn= 856-3834 g mol-1) using Lewis acid (ALCL3, FeCL3, TiCL4) and al powder. Branching in PAC was indicated on the basis of elemental analysis and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. azidation of pac could be carried out at 100°C by using NaN3 and DMSO as solvent. Curing of poly(allyl azide) (PAA) by cyclic dipolar addition reaction with EGDMA (ethylene glycol dimethacrylate,
5-45 phr) was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and structure of cured polymer was confirmed by FTIR. A two-step
mass loss was exhibited by uncured and cured PAA in nitrogen atmosphere. A mass loss of 20-28% (155-274°C) and 50-61% (330-550°C)
Authors:E. Plevová, A. Kožušníková, L. Vaculíková, and G. Simha Martynková
The definition as well as prediction of rock thermal behavior seems to be a quite difficult problem significantly effected
by rock composition and structure. Temperature increase causes various changes of rock material (such as decomposition, oxidation,
phase and polymorphic transformation, etc.). These changes are connected to thermal expansion with following appearance of
tensions and cracks in minerals and rock structure. After consequential temperature decrease, developed tensions and cracks
still influence the process. This study presents the application of thermogravimetric analysis, differential thermal analysis
and thermomechanical analysis in characterization of selected marble thermal behavior. The texture and morphological orientation
of calcite grains for marble samples was determined by optical microscopy. FTIR spectroscopy application along with X-ray
diffraction (XRD) extended data about mineralogical composition. According to optical microscopy, the calcite grains show
marked morphological anisotropy in one direction for some samples. Therefore, the thermal expansion had to be measured in
three different (perpendicular to each other) directions. It is evident, that the effect of temperature on the final marble
properties depends not only on mineralogical composition, but also on structure, texture and morphological orientation of
grains. All these facts significantly influence the interpretation of differences in various marble thermal behavior.
Authors:N. Laptash, E. Merkulov, and I. Maslennikova
The thermal behaviour of ammonium oxofluorotitanates (NH4)3TiOF5, (NH4)2TiOF4 and NH4TiOF3 was investigated by thermoanalytical, X-ray and IR spectroscopic methods. The first decomposition stages under quasi-isobaric conditions are characterized by the formation of (NH4)2TiF6 and ammonium oxofluorotitanate with the less content of ammonium and fluorine than in the initial compound. The decomposition process is accompanied by the Ti(IV) reducing due to ammonia evolved. The new ammonium oxofluorotitanate of high volatility was isolated and characterized. Ammonium-containing non-stoichiometric titanium oxyfluorides are the final products of thermal decomposition of ammonium oxofluorotitanates.
Authors:L. Ji-zhen, F. Xue-zhong, H. Rong-zu, Z. Xiao-dong, Z. Feng-qi, and G. Hong-Xu
The thermal behavior of copper(II) 4-nitroimidazolate (CuNI) under static and dynamic states are studied by means of high-pressure
DSC (PDSC) and TG with the different heating rates and the combination technique of in situ thermolysis cell with rapid-scan
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (thermolysis/RSFTIR).
The results show that the apparent activation energy and pre-exponential factor of the major exothermic decomposition reaction
of CuNI obtained by Kissinger’s method are 233.2 kJ mol−1 and 1017.95 s−1, respectively. The critical temperature of the thermal explosion and the adiabatic time-to-explosion of CuNI are 601.97 K
and 4.4∼4.6 s, respectively. The decomposition of CuNI begins with the split of the C-NO2 and C-H bonds, and the decomposition process of CuNI under dynamic states occurs less readily than those under static states
because the dynamic nitrogen removes the strong oxidative decomposition product (NO2). The above-mentioned information on thermal behavior is quite useful for analyzing and evaluating the stability and thermal
charge rule of CuNI.