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. Therefore, we attempted to develop and validate a sensitive and specific analytical method for the simultaneous determination of ZnPT and PT in shampoos using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). Experimental

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on a method that combines automated TFC with LC-MS/MS. The parameters for sample extraction, purification, separation, and detection were systematically optimized and the practicality of our method was determined by demonstrating its applicability to

Open access

In this study, thin-layer chromatography—direct bioautography (TLC—DB) was used for guiding the isolation and identification of antibacterial constituents of Thymus vulgaris L. ethanol extract. This TLC—bioassay method enables the separation and detection of active components directly on the surface of chromatographic plates. They can be identified by comparison with reference substances or using physicochemical methods, preferably spectroscopic ones (liquid chromatography—tandem mass spectrometry [LC—MS/MS], in the presented paper). The described method belongs to the effect-directed analyses (EDA). Seven bacterial strains were used as test organisms, both pathogenic and nonpathogenic, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as well as luminescent bacteria like Aliivibrio fischeri. Five fractions with the widest antimicrobial spectra were detected using TLC—DB, isolated by semi-preparative TLC and subjected to LC—MS/MS analyses. Finally, two bioactive components were tentatively identified, basing on their fragmentation pattern, as eriodictyol and 4,4′-dihydroxy-5,5′-diisopropyl-2,2′-dimethyl-3,6-bifenylodion.

Open access

Thin-layer chromatography—direct bioautography (TLC—DB) followed by liquid chromatography—tandem mass spectrometry (LC—MS/MS) was used for screening and tentative identification of the antibacterial constituents of Salvia officinalis L. ethanol extract. Seven bacterial strains were used as test organisms, both pathogenic and nonpathogenic, that is, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), Staphylococcus epidermidis, Micrococcus luteus, Bacillus subtilis, luminescence gene-tagged Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola, and naturally luminescent marine bacterium Aliivibrio fischeri. Eight fractions with the widest antimicrobial spectrum were detected using TLC—DB, isolated by semi-preparative TLC, and subjected to LC—MS/MS analyses. Finally, five bioactive components were tentatively identified, based on their fragmentation pattern, such as salvigenin, cirsimaritin, rosmanol, carnosic acid, and 12-O-methyl carnosic acid.

Open access

A novel, rapid, and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantification of tenofovir, emtricitabine, and efavirenz in human plasma. Nevirapine was used as an internal standard. The analytes and the internal standard were extracted from human plasma sample by solid-phase extraction technique (SPE). The reconstituted samples were chromatographed on a Chromolith ROD C18 column (50 × 4.6 mm; 5 μ) by gradient elution using a mixture of ammonium acetate buffer (5 mM) and 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL min−1. The calibration curve obtained was linear (r 2 ≥ 0.9990) over the concentration range of 2.5–650 ng mL−1 for tenofovir and 10–4000 ng mL−1 for emtricitabine and efavirenz. The results of the intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy studies were well within the acceptable limits. A run time of 2.5 min for each sample made it possible to analyze more than 300 plasma samples per day. The proposed method was found to be applicable to clinical studies, and the authenticity in the measurement of clinical data is demonstrated through incurred samples reanalysis (ISR).

Open access

A new, simple and rapid thin-layer chromatographic method with densitometric detection has been developed and validated for analysis of oxaprozin and its degradation products. Chromatography was performed on silica gel plates with n -hexane-chloroform-glacial acetic acid 4:1:1 ( v/v ) as mobile phase. Densitometric analysis of oxaprozin was performed in absorbance mode at 286 nm. The method was validated for linearity, accuracy, and precision. Oxaprozin was subjected to acidic and alkaline hydrolysis. The degradation products were well resolved from the pure drug with significantly different R F values. LC-MS-MS analysis revealed that oxaprozin decomposes to produce 1,2-diphenylethanol, 4-iminobutanoic acid, and propan-1-imine.

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JPC - Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC
Authors:
Emil Mincsovics
,
Péter Ott
,
Ágnes Alberti
,
Andrea Böszörményi
,
Éva Héthelyi
,
Éva Szőke
,
Ágnes Kéry
,
Éva Lemberkovics
, and
Ágnes Móricz

Bioassay-guided isolation of antibacterial components of chamomile flower methanol extract was performed by overpressured layer chromatography (OPLC) with on-line detection, fractionation combined with sample clean-up in-situ in the adsorbent bed after off-line sample application. The antibacterial effect of the eluted fractions and of those compounds remaining on the adsorbent layer after separation was tested with direct bioautography (DB) against the bioluminescent Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. maculicola and Vibrio fischeri. The fractions with high biological activity were analyzed by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS) and liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Two active uneluted compounds were characterized by off-line OPLC-MS using a thin-layer chromatography (TLC)-MS interface. Mainly, essential oil components, coumarins, flavonoids, phenolic acids, and fatty acids were identified in the active fractions.

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The analysis of trace levels of explosives in post-blast debris is critical in homeland security, environmental analysis, and crime scene forensic investigations. A fast and a selective determination method with high recovery was developed for the common explosives 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane (RDX), and octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX) in soil, using liquid chromatography—tandem mass spectrometry (LC—MS/MS). An easy and practical sample preparation method was developed using 4.00 mL acidified acetone with 0.25% HCl. After the easy evaporation of acetone extract, 10 min LC—MS/MS analysis provided a clear separation in column. Short duration of the whole procedure allows the use of this method in routine analysis. As a result of the analysis performed in spiked soils in 50.0, 100.0, and 250.0 ng g−1 concentrations, high recoveries such as 100.4 (±8.8)% for RDX, 96.9 (±10.5)% for HMX, and 97.6 (±13.9)% for TNT were obtained. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) values obtained from the analysis of the spiked soils were 4.3 ng g−1 and 7.00 ng g−1 for RDX, 6.8 ng g−1 and 10.0 ng g−1 for HMX, and 18.9 ng g−1 and 38.0 ng g−1 for TNT, respectively. The Horwitz Ratio (HorRat) calculation was used to evaluate if the inter-day and inter-analyst precisions were in the acceptable limits. The method was successfully applied to three artificial explosion samples for detection of explosives.

Open access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
H. Enginar
,
P. Unak
,
F. Biber Müftüler
,
F. Lambrecht
,
E. Medine
,
S. Yolcular
,
A. Yurt Kilcar
,
B. Seyitoğlu
, and
I. Bulduk

Abstract  

The aim of this study was to synthesize a glucuronide conjugated morphine derivative which could be labeled with 131I, as a radiopharmaceutical, and to investigate its radiopharmaceutical potential using biodistribution studies in male Albino Wistar rats. Morphine was extracted from dry capsules of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.). It was conjugated with UDP-glucuronic acid by using UDP-glucuronyl transferase (UDPGT) enzyme rich microsomes, purified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), infrared (IR) spectroscopy and liquid chromatography mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS). Normal and receptor blockage biodistribution studies were performed in male Albino Wistar rats. The results of the tissue distribution studies showed that 131I labeled morphine glucuronide (131I-mor-glu) uptake in the small intestine, large intestine and urinary bladder was higher than in the other tissues of the rats in the blocked receptor and unblocked receptor. A greater uptake of the radio labeled substance was observed in the hypothalamus and mid brain than in the other branches of the rats’ brains.

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Abstract  

Bleomycins (BLMs; BLM, A2, and B2) were labeled with 131I and radiopharmaceutical potentials were investigated using animal models in this study. Quality control procedures were carried out using thin layer radiochromatography (TLRC), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and liquid chromatography (LC/MS/MS). Labeling yields of radiolabeled BLMs were found to be 90, 68, and 71%, respectively. HPLC chromatograms were taken for BLM and cold iodinated BLM (127I-BLM). Five peaks were detected for BLM and three peaks for 127I-BLM in the HPLC studies. Two peaks belong to isomers of BLM. The isomers of BLM were purified with using HPLC. Biological activity of BLM was determined on male Albino Wistar rats by biodistribution and scintigraphic studies were performed for BLMs by using New Zelland rabbits. The biodistribution results of 131I-BLM showed high uptake in the stomach, the bladder, the prostate, the testicle, and the spinal cord in rats. Scintigraphic results on rabbits agrees with that of biodistributional studies on rats. The scintigraphy of radiolabeled isomers (131I-A2 and 131I-B2) are similiarly found with that of 131I-BLM.

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