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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Thangamani Rajkumar, Chinnaswamy Vijayakumar, Palanichamy Sivasamy, Bojja Sreedhar, and Charles Wilkie

Abstract  

Imparting thermal stability to polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) without affecting its optical clarity is attempted by incorporating HET acid based oligoesters. Pure PMMA and PMMA containing five and 20 wt% of four different oligoesters are separately prepared using bulk polymerization. The thermal properties of the materials studied using DSC, TG, TG–FTIR and Pyr–GC–MS are presented. The main volatile degradation products identified are CO, HCl, CO2, H2O, hexachlorocyclopentadiene, hexachloroendomethylene tetrahydrophthalic acid/anhydride and methyl methacrylate. A detailed mechanism for the influence of the degradation products of HET acid based oligoesters on the thermal degradation of PMMA is also presented.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Yu. Trach, V. Sydorchuk, O. Makota, S. Khalameida, R. Leboda, J. Skubiszewska-Zięba, and V. Zazhigalov

Abstract

Deposited catalysts composition H3PMo12O40/SiO2 and Ag/H3PMo12O40/SiO2 have been synthesized on the basis of fumed silica, including milling technique. Physical–chemical characteristics of prepared catalysts have been studied by means of XRD, DTA-TG, FTIR, UV–Vis spectroscopy, and adsorption of nitrogen. Catalysts possess meso- or meso-macroporous structure and contain deposited Keggin heteropolycompounds. Deposition of heteropolycompounds on support with high specific surface area results in increase of selectivity to epoxide in epoxidation reactions. The use of milling during catalyst synthesis leads to further growth of selectivity of epoxides formation.

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Abstract  

Thermal analysis is a useful tool for investigating the properties of polymer/clay nanocomposites and mechanisms of improvement of thermal properties. This review work presents examples of applications of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry (MT-DSC), dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMA), thermal mechanical analysis (TMA), thermogravimeric analysis (TG) and thermoanalytical methods i.e. TG coupled with Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (TG-FTIR) and mass spectroscopy (TG-MS) in characterization of nanocomposite materials. Complex behavior of different polymeric matrices upon modification with montmorillonite is briefly discussed.

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A precursor of Y-Ba-Cu oxides was prepared by a modified alkoxide sol-gel method and its thermal decomposition in air was studied by on-line coupled TG-FTIR and High Resolution Thermogravimetric measurements. A continuous more or less stepwise weight loss was observed between room temperature and 600°C at which all organic compounds had evolved and were progressively oxidized as the temperature increased leaving only Y and Cu oxides and bariumcarbonate. Between 700 and 800°C a final weight loss was observed due to the decomposition of bariumcarbonate into oxide.

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Abstract  

When ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, EVA, is heated, a two-stage thermal degradation occurs following its melting. The vinyl acetate content of the copolymer was determined to be 43.8% by using TA 2950 and TA 2050 thermogravimetric instruments. TG/FTIR was used to detect the evolved gas. Acetic acid and trans-1-R-4-R'-cyclohexane were the main products evolved from EVA in the first and second stage, respectively. The apparent activation energies were determined for both stages by differential methods.

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Abstract  

Composition and structure of crystals of unknown origin, crystallizing spontaneously from ethylenediamine on standing, has been determined by elemental analysis, FTIR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The crystal with molecular formula C6H14N4 has been found to be a highly symmetric saturated imino compound with double-ring structure, and unambiguously identified as trans-1,4,5,8-tetraazodecalin by 1H NMR and powder X-ray diffraction based on both its specific AA'BB' spin coupling system and simulated XRD pattern calculated from available data of previous single crystal structure determination, respectively. Simultaneous TG/DTA measurement shows one-step degradation of this compound. The volatile decomposition products have been followed by both TG/DTA-MS and TG-FTIR. Group of the largest fragments (m/z=80, 81 and 82) observed by TG/DTA-MS corresponds to an aromatic 1,4-diazine (pyrazine). In the EGA-FTIR spectrum of released gaseous species measured at the highest evolution rate by TG-FTIR, ethylenediamine can be identified as another decomposition product.

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Abstract  

TG, FTIR-(CO absorption), and catalytic activity in the NO reduction by CO were used to characterize Cu/Al2O3-TiO2 catalysts prepared by co-gelling aluminum tri-sec-butoxide and titanium iso-propoxide at pH 9 and at pH 3 gelling conditions. Under nitrogen flow, copper oxide decomposition, oxygen storage capacity (OSC) and sample dehydroxylation (total mass loss) was followed by TG. The CuO decomposition forming Cu0, Cu+1 was observed by means of FTIR (CO absorption) spectra. In pH 9 sample the large amount of Cu0 was observed. At low total mass loss and high Cu0/Cu+1+Cu+2 ratio (pH 9 sample) a lowest light-off in the NO reduction by CO was observed.

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Abstract  

The new 1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylates of lanthanide(III) of the formula Ln(btc)�nH2O, where btc is 1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylate; Ln is La-Lu, and n=2 for Ce; n=3 for La, Yb, Lu; and n=4 for Pr-Tm were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectra and X-ray diffraction patterns. Polycrystalline complexes are isotructural in the two groups: La-Tm and Yb, Lu. IR spectra of the complexes show that all carboxylate groups from 1,2,4-benzentricarboxylate ligands are engaged in coordination of lanthanide atoms. The thermal analysis of the investigated complexes in air atmosphere was carried out by means of simultaneous TG-DTA technique. The complexes are stable up to about 30�C but further heating leads to stepwise dehydration. Next, anhydrous complexes decompose to corresponding oxides. The combined TG-FTIR technique was employed to study of decomposition pathway of the investigated complexes.

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Abstract

Solid-state M-2-MeO-CP compounds, where M represents bivalent Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn and 2-MeO-CP is 2-methoxycinnamylidenepyruvate, were synthesized for the first time. Simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray powder diffractometry, infrared spectroscopy, TG-FTIR system, elemental analysis and complexometry have been used to characterize and to study the thermal behaviour of the compounds. The dehydration in all the compounds, except for iron occurs in a single step. The thermal decomposition of the anhydrous compounds occurs in two or three steps with the formation of the respective oxides, Mn3O4, Fe2O3, Co3O4, NiO, CuO and ZnO, as final residue. The results also provided information concerning the thermal behaviour and identification of the gaseous products evolved during the heating of these compounds.

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Abstract  

The thermal decomposition behaviour of the manganese(II) complexes with glycine: Mn(gly)Cl2(H2O)2, Mn(gly)2Cl2, Mn(gly)Br2(H2O)2, Mn(gly)2Br2(H2O)2 was investigated by means of TG-DTG-DTA, Hi-Res-TA and DSC techniques. The evolved gas analysis was carried out by means of the coupled TG-FTIR system. Heating of the complexes results first in the release of water molecules. Next, the multi-stage decomposition process with degradation of glycine ligand occurs. Water, carbon dioxide and ammonia were detected in the gaseous products of the complexes decomposition. The temperature of NH3 evolution from the complexes is higher than from free glycine. The final residue in the air atmosphere is Mn2O3 which transforms into Mn3O4 at 930C. In a nitrogen atmosphere, the complexes decompose into MnO.

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