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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Rashad Alkasir, Jianfang Wang, Jian Gao, Tariq Ali, Limei Zhang, Ottó Szenci, Árpád Csaba Bajcsy, and Bo Han

, J. and Han , B. ( 2014 ): Phylogenetic group, virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli associated with bovine mastitis. Res. Microbiol. 165 , 273 – 277

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resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae: an overview. Clin Infect Dis 15 , 77-83 (1992). Antimicrobial resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae: an overview Clin Infect Dis

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–1826. 20 Da Silva Winter J, Dos Santos RP, de Azambuja AZ, et al. Microbiologic isolates and risk factors associated with antimicrobial resistance in patients admitted to the intensive care unit in a

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Bálint Gergely Szabó, Katalin Szidónia Lénárt, Béla Kádár, Andrea Gombos, Balázs Dezsényi, Judit Szanka, Ilona Bobek, and Gyula Prinz

Song, J. H., Jung, S. I., Ko, K. S., et al.: High prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among clinical Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates in Asia (an ANSORP study). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother., 2004

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In the recent years, it has been noted that microorganisms with acquired resistance to almost all available potent antibiotics are increasing worldwide. Hence, the use of antibiotics in every clinical setup has to be organized to avoid irrational use of antibiotics. This study was aimed to establish the pattern of antibiotic sensitivity and relevance of antimicrobial resistance in aerobic Gram-negative bacilli. A total of 103 aerobic Gram-negative bacteria namely Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pne u moniae, E nterobacter spp., Citrobacter koserii, Proteus spp., and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were collected from tertiary care centers around Chennai. Kirby–Bauer Disk Diffusion test and study for genes of cephalosporin, carbapenem, and aminoglycoside resistance were done. A descriptive analysis of the data on altogether 103 clinical urine isolates was performed. All strains showed susceptibility to colistin. The frequency of genes encoding 16S rRNA methylases armA and rmtB were 7.8% and 6.8%, respectively. Among metallo-β-lactamases, bla VIM, bla IMP, and bla NDM-1 were detected in 6.8%, 3.8%, and 3.8%, respectively. One E. coli strain harbored bla SIM-1 gene. Cumulative analysis of data suggested that 30% of the strains carried more than one resistance gene. The current research evidenced the increasing frequency of resistance mechanisms in India. Combined approach of antibiotic restriction, effective surveillance, and good infection control practices are essential to overcome antibiotic resistance.

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, 2233 – 2239 ( 1995 ). 10. Szasz , M. , Lehotkai , N. , Kristóf , K. , Szabó , D. , Nagy , K. : Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of uropathogens in different

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. 2014; 69: 3423–3430. 4 Shallcross LJ, Davies DS. Antibiotic overuse: a key driver of antimicrobial resistance. Br J Gen Pract. 2014; 64: 604–605. 5

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: István Szabó, Tamás Molnár, Imre Nemes, Tamás Abonyi, Zsolt Terjék, and Ádám Bálint

Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) : http://www.ema.europa.eu/en/veterinary-regulatory/overview/antimicrobial-resistance

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Marcell Szabó, Anna Bozó, Sándor Soós, Katalin Darvas, László Harsányi, and Ákos Csomós

outcomes of health-care-associated infections and antimicrobial resistance in patients admitted to European intensive-care units: a cohort study. Lancet Infect. Dis., 2011, 11 (1), 30–38. 3

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. D. , Godoy , F. A. and Lee , M. R. ( 2018 ): Current status of the use of antibiotics and the antimicrobial resistance in the Chilean salmon farms . Front. Microbiol. 9 , 1284

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