Search Results

You are looking at 51 - 60 of 177 items for :

  • "carbon nanotubes" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

, polymers, metals, and ceramics materials. Compared to carbon fibers, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have larger aspect ratio, higher modulus, and lower density in addition to their exceptional electrical and optical properties [ 4 ]. Thus, the properties of CNT

Restricted access

Abstract  

The electrochemical determination of uranyl was investigated by using carbon paste electrode modified with a Schiff base namely N,N′-bis(salicylidene)-2-hydroxy-phenylmethanediamine (SHPMD/CPE) and also in the presence of carbon nanotube (SHPMD/CNT/CPE). The both modified electrodes displayed an irreversible peak at E pa = 0.798 V versus Ag/AgCl. The electrocatalytic reduction of uranyl has been studied on SHPMD/CNT/CPE, using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry, chronocoulometry and linear sweep techniques. Electrochemical parameters including the diffusion coefficient (D), the electron transfer coefficient (α), the ionic exchange current (i) and the redox reaction rate constant (K) were determined for the reduction of uranyl on the surface of the modified electrodes. Linear range concentration is 0.002–0.6 μmol L−1 and the detection limit of uranyl is 0.206 nmol L−1. The proposed method was used to detect uranyl in natural waters and good recovery was achieved.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were characterized by SEM and FTIR. The sorption of Th(IV) on MWCNTs was studied as a function of contact time, pH, ionic strength, Th(IV) concentration and temperature. The results indicate that the sorption of Th(IV) on MWCNTs is strongly dependent on pH and weakly dependent on ionic strength. The sorption thermodynamics of Th(IV) on MWCNTs was carried out at 293.15, 313.15 and 333.15 K, respectively, and the thermodynamic parameters (standard free energy changes (ΔG 0), standard enthalpy change (ΔH 0) and standard entropy change (ΔS 0)) were calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms. The sorption of Th(IV) on MWCNTs is a spontaneous and endothermic process. The oxidized MWCNTs may be a promising candidate for the preconcentration and solidification of Th(IV), or its analogue actinides from large volumes of aqueous solutions.

Restricted access

Abstract  

This work examines the sequestration of 64Cu(II) by sorption process onto plasma-induced polyaniline (PANI)-grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes (denoted as MWCNTs/PANI) prepared by an plasma-induced grafting technique. The role of a variety of environmental conditions such as pH, ionic strength, natural organic matter (NOM) in the sorption of 64Cu(II) onto MWCNTs/PANI is studied. The results indicate that the sorption is strongly dependent on pH but independent of ionic strength. A positive effect of NOM on 64Cu(II) sorption is found at pH <7.5, whereas a negative effect is observed at pH >7.5. The sorption isotherms in the absence and presence of NOM can be better described by Freundlich model than Langmuir model. Sorption isotherms of 64Cu(II) at higher initial NOM concentrations are higher than those at lower NOM concentrations. The thermodynamic data calculated from temperature-dependent sorption suggest that the sorption is spontaneous and enhanced at higher temperature. Results of this work suggest that MWCNTs/PANI may be a promising candidate for cost-effective treatments of 64Cu(II)-contaminated wastewaters.

Restricted access

Abstract  

By using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) it has been shown that some pristine carbon SWNT's and MWNT's of different makes, contain a multitude of trace element impurities at various concentration levels including also amounts which can be considered as nanoelectronically dopant quantities. The same holds for the above mentioned carbon nanotubes also after their inadequately so-called purification.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Carbon nanotube field emission display (CNT-FED) represents both emerging application of nanotechnology and revolutionary invention of display. Therefore, it is an important subject to monitor the states and trends of CNT-FED technology before the next stage of development. The present paper uses patent bibliometric analysis and patent network analysis to monitor the technological trends in the field of CNT-FED. These results firstly reveal the different aspects of patenting activities in the field of CNT-FED. Then, patent network analysis indicates the developing tendency of worldwide FED production based on the synthesis of CNT materials. Furthermore, key technologies of three clusters can be identified as the depositing CNT on substrate, coating phosphor on screen and assembling process for whole device. Finally, emitter material is taken for the key factor in R&D work to improve the efficacy in CNT-FED technology.

Restricted access

We describe the direct, conformal, atomic layer deposition (ALD) of silica onto carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the microfabrication of thinlayer chromatography (TLC) plates. As before, these plates were prepared with zig-zag hedge and channel microstructures, with high aspect ratio, porous hedges. After ALD, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed an increase in the radius of the CNTs of 8–40 nm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed that the plates were composed almost entirely of silicon and oxygen, without contamination of metals or other elements that might compromise chromatographic performance, e.g., aluminum. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry confirmed the extremely low level of aluminum in the plates. The final TLC layer thickness was ca. 50 μm. Separations of a test mixture of dyes from CAMAG (Muttenz, Switzerland) on an uncoated silica plate under traditional, normal phase conditions gave efficiencies of 40,000–140,000 plates m−1 with migration distances ranging from 2 to 36 mm. A separation of two fluorescent dyes, eosin Y disodium salt and sulforhodamine B, on an amino silane-coated plate gave efficiencies of ca. 170,000 and 200,000 plates m−1, with hR F values of 76 and 88, respectively. Run times on these new plates were much faster than on conventional TLC plates.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Physico-chemical properties (adsorption capacity, desorption energy distribution and pore-size distribution functions) of nanomaterial surfaces from selected materials, based on sorptometric and liquid thermodesorption measurements under quasi-equilibrium conditions, are presented. The fractal dimensions of nanotubes using sorptometric and AFM data have been evaluated. Comparison of thermogravimetric and other data provide new information about the adsorption and pore structure of the studied materials. The fractal dimensions of nanomaterial surfaces using sorptometry are in good agreement with those from AFM.

Restricted access

Abstract  

In order to enhance the thermal conductivity of MWCNT filled poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) composites, the MWCNT was coated with silica layer by three step reactions. The composites filled with raw and silica-coated MWCNTs were prepared and the properties were investigated in terms of the curing characteristics, mechanical properties, and thermal conductivity. Due to the poor compatibility between raw MWCNT and PDMS, raw MWCNT showed poor dispersion uniformity and wettability in PDMS. On the other hand, due to the chemical affinity between silica/MWCNT and PDMS throughout the hydrogen bonding, the silica-coated MWCNT filled PDMS showed improved mechanical properties in terms of tensile strength and 100% modulus, and good interfacial compatibility than raw MWCNT incorporated PDMS. Finally, the good wettability of silica/MWCNT in PDMS resulted in higher thermal conductivity caused from the facile phonon movement at the interface even with the smaller MWCNT contents.

Restricted access