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. Gambling motives and personality In a separate body of literature, motivations for gambling have been found to contribute to the development and preservation of disordered gambling. Several motivational models have been proposed; however, the

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activity, and CC showing the greatest levels of enzymatic function ( Zabetian et al., 2001 ). These genotypes are further associated with alterations in emotional/motivational processing; for example, T-carriers demonstrate diminished empathic ability

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Haoran Meng
,
Hongjian Cao
,
Ruining Hao
,
Nan Zhou
,
Yue Liang
,
Lulu Wu
,
Lianjiang Jiang
,
Rongzi Ma
,
Beilei Li
,
Linyuan Deng
,
Zhong Lin
,
Xiuyun Lin
, and
Jintao Zhang

; LaRose, Lin, & Eastin, 2003 ; Park, 2010 ), and thus phone use motivation has long been suggested as a crucial antecedent in the development of PSU ( Kardefelt-Winther, 2014 ). Previous studies have examined associations between different types of phone

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of approach and avoidance motivation (evoked by particular bodily states) on the breadth of attentional scope. It was hypothesized that the enactment of approach behavior (induced by arm flexion) would broaden, whereas the enactment of avoidance behavior (induced by arm extension) would narrow attentional scope. Both conditions were also compared with neutral condition (with no additional action). Under these conditions subjects performed an attentional task — they had to respond to the dot appearing in one of the 5 positions on the screen (one central and four peripheral, situated on the horizontal line). Longer Reaction Times for the central dot position were observed. Such pattern of results can be caused by an inhibition of return-like (IOR) effect, evoked by the centrally situated fixation cross, disappearing before the exposition of the dot. To rule out this possibility a second study was conducted, using another type of fixation point. IOR-like effect has been minimized. However, this experiment also failed to show differences in performance on attentional task between conditions. In every condition reaction times were shortest for the central target location. Possible explanations of such pattern of results and ideas for future research are presented.

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A tehetség változó koncepciói

Changing Concepts Of Giftedness

Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle
Authors:
Rebeka Jávor
,
György Révész
,
László Séra
, and
János Szabó

.1037/0022-3514.45.2.357 Amabile , T. M . ( 1993 ). Motivational synergy: Toward new conceptualizations of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in the workplace . Human Resource Management Review , 3 ( 3 ), 185 – 201 . 10.1016/1053-4822(93)90012-S Amabile , T. M . ( 1997

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Abstract  

The citation motivations among 51 self citing authors in several natural science disciplines were investigated. Results of a survey on reasons for both self citation and citation to others show that there are very few differences in motivation, and that there are plausible intellectual grounds for those differences which are substantial. Analysis of exposure in text reveals virtually no differences between self citations and citations to others. Analysis of individual disciplines also uncover no substantive differences in either motivation or exposure in text.

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A gamerek és e-sportolók személyes jellemzői, motivációi, valamint életminőségük vizsgálata a játszási szokások tükrében

Personal characteristics, motivation and quality of life of athletes and gamers in light of gaming habits

Mentálhigiéné és Pszichoszomatika
Authors:
Zsófia Tea Kányai
,
Mátyás Osváth
, and
Karolina Kósa

.D ., Ágoston , Cs ., Nagygyörgy , K ., Kökönyei , Gy ., et al . ( 2015a ). The mediating effect of gaming motivation between psychiatric symptoms and problematic online gaming: An online survey . Journal of Medical Internet Research , 17 ( 4 ), e88

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teacher-generated learner autonomy on the adult L2 learners’ motivation. For the context of this investigation, the most straightforward, yet underresearched, environment has been selected where lifelong learning promises applicable results in employment

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; Snow, 2002 ). When strategic thinking is developed, reading fluency and motivation can be increased ( Kazi, Mokhal, & Ashad, 2020 ; Pressley, 2002 ). Reading strategies can be learnt most effectively if they are embedded in context ( Baker, 2005 ; Van

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The ant, Formica japonica, is polyphagous and workers hunt other insects as foods. In this study, interspecific aggression was examined in the workers and queens. Behavior experiments demonstrated that interspecific aggressiveness was significantly higher in workers than queens. Workers showed predatory aggressive behavior towards crickets, on the other hand, queens elicited threat behavior but they didn’t attack crickets. In order to investigate neuronal mechanisms underlying regulation of aggressive motivation, the role of biogenic amine in the brain in evoking aggressive behavior was examined by measuring biogenic amine using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical detection (ECD). No significant difference in the octopamine (OA) level was found between workers and queens, but the level of N-acetyloctopamine (NacOA) in the brain of queens was significantly higher than that of workers. This study suggests that OAergic system in the brain must involve in controlling aggressive motivation in the ants.

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