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If heated to around 270° in argon, [Ni(HSal)2] (H2Sal=salicylic acid) gives off gaseous H2Sal and forms [NiSal], which reacts with monoprotic ligands HL (e.g. 8-hydroxyquinoline) to form mixed-ligand complexes [NiHSalL], or with diprotic ligands H2L' (e.g. quadratic acid) to form dinuclear complexes [HSalNiL'NiHSal].

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New complexes:Zn(Hsalox)(ox), Zn(Hsalox)(NHPh), Zn(Hsalox)(Hsal) and Zn(Hsalox)2(1,2-diMeim) have been synthesised as a result of a reaction of Zn(salox) and Zn(Hsalox)2 (where: salox 2–=OC6H4CHNO2–, Hsalox =OC6H4CHNOH) with 8-hydroxyquinoline (Hox), o-aminophenol (NH2Ph), o-hydroxybenzoic acid (H2Sal) and 1,2-dimethylimidazole (1,2-diMeim). Chemical, X-ray and thermal analyses of the complexes and their sinters have been carried out. Thermal decomposition pathways have been postulated for the complexes. The mixtures about not definite composition have been obtained as a result of a reaction of zinc(o-hydroxybenzaldoximates) with imidazole(Him) and 4-methylimidazole (4-MeHim).

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Metal complexes of calcium with 5,7-dibromo, 7-iodo and 5-chloro-7-iodo-8-hydroxyquinolate were precipitated in aqueous ammonia and acetone medium, except for the solid state compound with 5,7-dichloro-8-hydroxyquinoline which hasn"t been obtained under these conditions. The complexes obtained through the mentioned precipitation are Ca[(C9H4ONBr2)2]3H2O, Ca[(C9H5ONI)2]2H2O and Ca[(C9H4ONICl)2]2.5H2O. Their intermediate from the thermal decomposition found through TG/DTA curves in air indicated the presence of different kinds of calcium carbonates related to the reversibility and crystalline structure, depending on the original compounds. The initial compounds and the intermediate from the thermal decomposition were also characterized through IR spectra and X-ray diffraction.

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Recently, a new type of resinous adsorbent has been developed as an effective adsorbent for a number of organic materials. The adsorbent has macro-reticular structure and no ion-exchange capacity. This paper deals with the adsorption of typical fission products and induced radionuclides on Amberlite XAD-2, with 8-hydroxyquinoline (oxine) as the organic reagent. It was found that60Co,59Fe,144Ce,95Zr, and106Ru were transferred to the adsorbent phase from various solutions, when oxinates of the nuclides were formed in the solutions. Without oxine, most of the nuclides were not adsorbed on the adsorbent.137Cs and85Sr were not adsorbed on XAD-2 with or without oxine.

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A preconcentration neutron activation analysis (PNAA) method involving reversed-phase extraction chromatography on 8-hydroxyquinoline-loaded Amberlite XAD-2 resin has been developed for the simultaneous determination of selected trace elements in acid rain and natural water samples. Quantitative retention has been achieved for Co, Cu, Hg, V and Zn at pH 6.0 and for Cd at pH 7.0. Various factors that can influence the preconcentration procedure have been studied in detail. Concentrations of the elements have been determined by the direct irradiation of the resin without eluting them from the column. Both precision and accuracy of the PNAA method are very good. The detection limits vary between 0.01 and 3 ppb.

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Extraction of copper(II) and zinc(II) from acidic chloride solutions with mixtures of two extractants: a basic or solvating one and a chelating extractant was discussed. Processes for recovery and separation of Cu(II) from Zn(II) were proposed, which consist of the following steps: extraction from chloride media with the formation of metal chlorocomplex ion pair or solvate, scrubbing of chloride ions with an aqueous solution of appropriate pH with simultaneous transfer of the metal ion to the chelate, traditional stripping with sulphuric acid and conditioning of the basic extractant. Both effective recovery and separation of metal ions with simultaneous change of the system from the chloride to the sulphate state can be achieved. A bifunctional reagent, such as alkyl derivative of 8-hydroxyquinoline, can be also used instead of the extractant mixture.

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8-hydroxyquinoline (oxine) and uranyl acetate react in the solid state in 1∶3 stoichiometry to give UO2(C9H6NO)2·C9H6NOH. This reaction is diffusion controlled with an activation energy of 44.4 kJ mol−1. The reaction occurs by the surface migration of 8-hydroxyquinoline, which penetrates the product lattice to react with uranyl acetate. The isothermal decomposition of the solution phase product UO2Q2·HQ (Q=C9H6NO) obeys the Prout-Tompkins equation with an energy of activation of 53.3 kJ mol−1.

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2,2′-[(8-hydroxyquinolin-7-yl)methylazanediyl]diacetic acid (HQMADA) was synthesized via reaction of 8-hydroxyquinoline with iminodiacetic acid in presence of paraformaldehyde with a yield of 27%. The obtained compound was well characterized via different analytical techniques. Labeling of the synthesized compound with technetium-99m in pertechnetate form (99mTcO4 ) in the presence of stannous chloride dihydrate was carried out via chelation reaction. The reaction parameters that affect the labeling yield such as HQMADA concentration, stannous chloride dihydrate concentration, pH of the reaction mixture, and reaction time were studied to optimize the labeling conditions. Maximum radiochemical yield of 99mTc-HQMADA complex (91.9%) was obtained by using 1.5 mg HQMADA, 50 μg SnCl2·2H2O, pH 8 and 30 min reaction time. Biodistribution studies in mice were carried out in experimentally induced infection in the left thigh using E. coli. 99mTc-HQMADA complex showed higher uptake (T/NT = 5.5 ± 0.3) in the infectious lesion than the commercially available 99mTc-ciprofloxacin (T/NT = 3.8 ± 0.8). Biodistribution studies for 99mTc-HQMADA complex in Albino mice bearing septic and aseptic inflammation models showed that 99mTc-HQMADA complex able to differentiate between septic and aseptic inflammation.

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In this present work, barium ion was reacted with different ligands which are 5,7-dibromo 5,7-dichloro, 7-iodo and 5-chloro-7-iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline, in acetone/ammonium hydroxide medium under constant stirring and the obtained compounds were as follows: (I) Ba[(C9 H4 ONBr2 )2 ]⋅1.5H2 O; (II) Ba[(C9 H4 ONCl2 )(OH)]⋅1H2 O; (III) Ba[(C9 H5 ONI)2 ]⋅1H2 O and (IV) Ba[(C9 H4 ONICl)2 ]⋅5H2 O, respectively. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared absorption spectrum (IR), inductively coupled plasma spectrometry (ICP), simultaneous thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The final residue of the thermal decomposition was characterized as orthorhombic BaBr2from (I); the intermediate residue, as a mixture of orthorhombic BaCO3 and BaCl2 and cubic BaO and the final residue, as a mixture of cubic and tetragonal BaO and orthorhombic BaCl2 (II); the intermediate residue, as orthorhombic BaCO3 and as a final residue, a mixture of cubic and tetragonal BaO from (III); and the intermediate residue, as a mixture of orthorhombic BaCO3 and BaCl2 and as a final residue, a mixture of cubic and tetragonal BaO and orthorhombic BaCl2 from (IV).

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Derivative of 8-hydroxyquinoline i.e. Clioquinol is well known for its antibiotic properties, drug design and coordinating ability towards metal ion such as Copper(II). The structure of mixed ligand complexes has been investigated using spectral, elemental and thermal analysis. In vitro anti microbial activity against four bacterial species were performed i.e. Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Bacillus substilis and found that synthesized complexes (15–37 mm) were found to be significant potent compared to standard drugs (clioquinol i.e. 10–26 mm), parental ligands and metal salts employed for complexation. The kinetic parameters such as order of reaction (n = 0.96–1.49), and the energy of activation (E a = 3.065–142.9 kJ mol−1), have been calculated using Freeman–Carroll method. The range found for the pre-exponential factor (A), the activation entropy (S* = −91.03 to−102.6 JK−1 mol−1), the activation enthalpy (H* = 0.380–135.15 kJ mol−1), and the free energy (G* = 33.52–222.4 kJ mol−1) of activation reveals that the complexes are more stable. Order of stability of complexes were found to be [Cu(A4)(CQ)OH] · 4H2O > [Cu(A3)(CQ)OH] · 5H2O > [Cu(A1)(CQ)OH] · H2O > [Cu(A2)(CQ)OH] · 3H2O

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