Search Results

You are looking at 61 - 70 of 258 items for :

  • "internationalization" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

Abstract  

Many academic journals of China began to be published in English when China opened door to the world more than 20 years ago. Tsinghua University started to publish an academic journal, the Tsinghua Science and Technology since 1996. We made statistical analyses on the regional distribution on the authors and of the references cited by the articles of Tsinghua Science and Technology from 1996 to 2002. The results show that although the authors are mainly from the Tsinghua University, the number of authors from other regions, especially the number of overseas authors, are increasing in recent years; the average number of references cited by every article are increasing from 6.9 in 1996 to 13.4 in 2002. The results suggest that we must learn the successful experiences from well-known journals. Attracting high-level articles and realizing the internationalization of the journal will help us to develop the journal.

Restricted access
Scientometrics
Authors:
J. Meyer
,
J. Charum
,
J. Granés
, and
Y. Chatelin

Abstract  

Using recent original data from three different sources, the article exhibits some strengths and weaknesses of science in Colombia. It shows that research in this country is in a process of growth although recent results of this positive trend are still to be confirmed. Comparing the evolution of science in Colombia with that of Latin America as a whole, describing and explaining its geographical and institutional concentration as well as its thematic distribution, it also reveals the interdependance between science production dynamics and international cooperation programmes. A basic argument is that the development of science in this country, even though it is fragile and erratic, does not lack sound bases. The indicators used suggest indeed an autonomous scientific motion and inspiration which does not contradict the internationalization process of Colombian science but rectifies the picture of an excessively isolated or dependent community that used to be portrayed.

Restricted access

Abstract  

This study analyzes the pattern of transnational linkages of Indian science in eleven scientific fields (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Earth & Space Science, Agriculture, Clinical Medicine, Biomedical Research, Engineering & Technology, Computer Science, and Materials Science) during the five-year period: 1990–1994. The following indicators are constructed to examine inter-field and inter-country differences in India’s transnational linkages: Internationalization index, Cooperation index, Cooperation extensiveness index and Affinity index. A four-category typology is proposed to classify the fields according to their propensities for attracting bilateral and multilateral cooperation with foreign countries. The structure of multidimensional system of relationships between India’s thirty-five most significant partner countries and eleven scientific fields is analyzed through correspondence analysis. A series of correspondence analyses are carried out on subsets of the multidimensional data to reveal the fine-grained structure of India’s cooperation links in clusters of specific fields and with clusters of specific countries.

Restricted access

With the promotion of economic liberalization and internationalization, consumer demands have become complex and diversified. Businesses have to actively promote themselves and bring forth new marketing tactics to attract buying and cope with fierce competition so as to enhance the global competitiveness and implement the idea of sustainable operation. This study aims to investigate the relationship between marketing strategy management, customer relationship management, and perceived value.

Aiming at Suzhou Industrial Park, the executives and employees of the manufacturers are distributed 500 copies of questionnaire for this study, and 367 valid copies are retrieved, with the retrieval rate 73%. The research results show the significant correlations between 1. marketing strategy management and customer relationship management, 2. customer relationship management and perceived value, and 3. marketing strategy management and perceived value. Aiming at above results, suggestions are proposed to create better organizational performance for a business.

Restricted access

Magyarországon tanuló kínai hallgatók társadalmi háttere és belépési nehézségei

Chinese Students in Hungary: Family Background and Entrance Difficulties

Educatio
Authors:
Henriett Primecz
and
Xueyan Li

Összefoglaló. Az ország nemzetköziesedő felsőoktatási rendszerében egyre több külföldi hallgató tanul hazánkban, közülük a kínai diákok alkotják a harmadik legnagyobb közösséget. Feltáró-kvalitatív kutatásunk azt vizsgálta, hogy milyen az itt tanuló kínai hallgatók családi háttere, mi motiválta őket, hogy Magyarországot választották felsőfokú tanulmányaikra, milyen első tapasztalataik vannak hazánkban. Az eredmények rámutattak arra, hogy a kínai hallgatók anyagi és társadalmi helyzete instabil. Magyarország legtöbbször kompromisszum eredményeként került kiválasztásra és a magyar kultúrába belépve gyakran elutasítást tapasztaltak.

Summary. The internationalization of Hungarian higher education resulted in the growing number of international students studying here, among whom Chinese students form the third-largest group. Our explorative-qualitative research investigated the students’ family background, their motivation to choose Hungary, their experiences encounter with Hungarian culture. The results have shown that Chinese students are from working-class or lower-middle-class families with financial constraints. The choice of Hungary was the result of a compromise in most cases. Chinese students faced numerous difficulties including language barriers and exclusion.

Open access
Scientometrics
Authors:
Michele Cincera
,
Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie
, and
Veugelers Reinhilde

Summary  

International R&D activities have grown significantly over the last two decades. Both the number of actors involved, as well as the importance of the technological activity carried out abroad, has considerably increased. We aim to quantify the international generation of knowledge for the case of Belgium, using indicators based on EPO and USPTO patent data (1978-2001). We distinguish among Belgian applicants, affiliates of foreign firms located in Belgium as well as Belgian based firms with affiliates abroad. This approach allows to improve existing indicators of internationalisation of technology based on patent data. The results are consistent with what can be expected for a small open economy as Belgium. A large part of patents with Belgian inventors are assigned to Belgian affiliates of foreign firms. Hence our more complete indicator of foreign ownership gives a substantially higher foreign control of Belgian inventors. Relatively more knowledge generated by Belgian inventors flows out of the country towards foreign owners of technology, than that knowledge generated abroad is owned by Belgian patent applicants. But the share of foreign inventors to Belgian assigned patents is considerably increasing over time, especially in the subcategory of Belgian firms with foreign affiliates.

Restricted access

Due to processes of internationalisation and European integration, countries such as Slovenia have to accommodate many new textual genres, which are either introduced via translation, or written in Slovene for later translation into English. This paper presents an analytical framework developed with this situation in mind and describes how it was applied to a particular translation of a political progress report. The aim was to support the development of a more systematic approach to the production and translation of such texts. The model draws upon discourse analysis, genre analysis and contrastive functional rhetoric, and is compatible with functional approaches to translation. The top-down analysis begins with the discussion of the background to the report and its writing, the participants in the translation process, the training and support provided, and the translation strategies employed. We then go on to consider the broader linguistic and cultural background, including the relevant genre conventions. This is followed by a summary of a detailed analysis of text profile, coherence, cohesion, information structure and register features. The emphasis is on the task facing the reader and whether the communicative purpose of the text is achieved or not.

Restricted access

. Antalóczy , K. – Sass , M. ( 2018 ): The Internationalisation of Richter Gedeon, the Hungarian Pharmaceutical Company, and Entrepreneurship in Hungary . In: Mets , T. – Sauka , A. – Purg , A. (eds): Entrepreneurship in Central and Eastern

Open access

Nowadays globalization and sustainable development are interconnected economic factors having positive and negative effects on various aspects of human rights. Although the internationalization of human rights and the birth of their so-called third generation can be attributed to globalization, it has increased disparities regardless of anti-discrimination principles of human rights. There is a minimum level of economic development and resources essential for providing full-scale human rights coverage, for this reason both IMF and World Bank has on several occasions been charged with prescribing structural reform projects and shock therapy measures on state budgets, that significantly deteriorated the conditions in the population’s economic and social rights. The active participation in the global problem’s solution is also an important element of the UN Secretary General’s strategy which aims at turning the UN into an international organization that does not watch mass scale human rights abuses silently, is able and willing to act to promote development, security and human dignity in order to achieve global freedom. Not only the active role of the international organizations, but also the decision-making process closer to the levels accessible to people must also be reinforced to improve the human rights dimension of sustainable development.

Full access

Abstract  

Globalisation is decidedly a treacherous word. To a comparatist especially,it offers the shimmering hope of a state of affairs in which there is or mightbe understanding, communication, equivalence among contemporaneous civilisationsthe world over, and human control over the state of the world. But, immediately,a darker reality manifests itself, one which signals uniformisation and lossof control to economic forces defying not only the will of individuals butthe rule of entire states. These forces often identified with multinationalcorporations override the social and environmental interests of these states,a situation which calls for a supranational authority capable of reestablishingor establishing for the first time a world order governed by just and transparentlaws rather than unregulated economic impulses. In other words, globalisationhas the potential to betray its avowed purpose which is the development ofan effective world community. I am not trying here to make a political pointputting blame, for example, on the World Trade organization though personallyI see many reasons to blame it for distorting internationalization. RatherI should like to use the concrete phenomenon of globalisation as a metaphoror correlate for the manner in which the universalizing tendency in literarystudies, and generally in the humanities, can go wrong, when unconsciouslyor just carelessly it imposes certain patterns and suppresses others.

Restricted access