Competing groups in a population will be integrated or segregated depending on their contest strategies.
In this work a population of a fixed proportion of hawks and doves is supposed to be able to employ two different contest
strategies, one more competitive than the other one. Energies are derived for populations employing these strategies and these
energies depend on the availability of the resource for which hawks and doves compete.
The energy for the less competitive strategy is lower than the other one when the resource is abundant. In that case hawks
and doves can be in cohabitation in all proportions. If, however, the resource is scarce, the energy of the more competitive
strategy is lower than the other one. In that case complete segregation of hawks and doves into colonies will result.
The situation is akin to the phase pressure diagram of a binary solution with eutectic point, miscibility gap in the liquid
phase and complete miscibility in the vapour phase.
Authors:E. Aragon, D. Vincent, A. Zahra, and A. Sebaoun
A systematic study of Al-Zn-Sn ternary alloys by using a Tian-Calvet calorimeter with slow heating and cooling rate was carried
out and supplemented by scanning electron microscopic observations.
The results have shown that crystallization coupled with dissolution of tin into the αss′ ternary solid solution on heating is an endothermic process, while melting coupled with tin expulsion on cooling is an exothermic
one. It seems that the thermal effects of phase transition are outweighed by much stronger ones due to a large composition
change of the αss′ ternary phase.
The paper summarizes the results concerning the different parts of the ternary system V2O5-MoO3-Ag2O and presents projection of the diagram on the basal triangle as well as its three-dimensional presentation of the diagram
drawn by the AutoCAD programme.
Authors:I. Gorzkowska, M. Maciejewski, and R. Rudnicki
A new method (based on DTA and TG) for the determination of the eutectic composition is proposed for systems in which one of the components is unstable in the vicinity of the eutectic melting temperature. The eutectic composition established by means of this method for the CaCO3-CaF2 system is in very good agreement with the results obtained in a classical way.