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A mesterséges intelligencia emberi arca

Artificial intelligence’s human face

Scientia et Securitas
Author:
György Csepeli

Összefoglalás. A cikk az emberi intelligencia és az ember által létrehozott mesterséges intelligencia párhuzamaival, összefonódásaival foglalkozik, áttekintve a mesterséges intelligencia kialakulását a Turing és Neumann által fémjelzett kezdetektől a megismerésben és a cselekvésben az ember versenytársaként fellépő autonóm „Robot sapiens” megjelenéséig. A digitalizáció és a datafikáció által teremtett techno-ökölógiai környezetben az erős mesterségesintelligencia-programok behatolása a társadalomba a rendszerszintű és életvilágszintű működések átalakulását eredményezik. A veszély a machináció létrejöttével a társadalom totális ellenőrzésére alkalmas adatalapú megfigyelő rendszer megjelenésében van, mely a hagyományos diktatúrákkal ellentétben a megfigyeltek aktív közreműködésére épít. A machináció ellenszere a „merj élni!” nietzschei parancsa, mely a létfelejtés által értékek és értelmek keresésére int.

Summary. The paper discusses the parallels and confluences between human intelligence and artificial intelligence created by human intelligence. The paper reviews the development of artificial intelligence from the beginnings by the works of Turing and Neumann till the emergence of the autonomous robot sapiens that will likely be in cognition and action challenger of the human being. Artificial intelligence programmes initially were able to solve simple tasks defined by men. Well known examples of the early successes of the artificial intelligence programmes had demonstrated in chess, go and Jeopardy the dominance of these programmes over human intelligence. Programmed by natural language strong artificial intelligence programs able to learn and deal with uncertainty had emerged later. These programmes were successfully connected to the internet based network of people and things. Without strong artificial intelligence programmes no autonomous operation of robots can be expected in cognition and action. In the new techno-ecological environment created by the digitalisation and datafication the intrusion of weak and strong artificial intelligence programmes into the society has resulted profound transformations in the system and in the life-world. Artificial intelligence will likely transform the areas of economy, commerce, transport, politics, culture an education, internal and external security, media and finances. The intelligent autonomous communication bots and action robots change the social life of people including the social and sexual life, enhance the level of services such as health care, and entertainment. All programmes set for the system and life world pass easily the Turing test that raises the problem of the boundaries between human and artificial intelligence. Machines seem as humans and humans seem as machines. The real danger of the digital transformation of society is the emergence of a total surveillance system that in contrast with the dictatorial regimes installs control and repression with the consent of the people using the services of the the digitalised system and life world operations. The threats of the total surveillance system or “machination”, however, can be fended off by fulfilling the command of “Dare to live!” suggested by Friedrich Nietzsche.

Open access

Digitális eszközök használata az osztálytermekben. Egy BBC micro:bites projekt tapasztalatai

The Usage of Digital Devices in the Classroom: The Experiences of a Micro:bit Project

Educatio
Authors:
Balázs Czékmán
and
József Kiss

. No. 1. pp. 15–41. 4 Kazakoff, E. & Bers, M. (2014) ‘Put Your Robot In, Put Your Robot Out’. Sequencing through Programming Robots in Early Childhood. Journal of

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Shanmugasundaram Suresh
,
Jeeva Poornaselvan
, and
Chidambaram Divyapreya

Merchant-Cruz E. A., Morris A. S. Fuzzy-GA-based trajectory planner for robot manipulators sharing a common workspace, IEEE Tr. Robotics , Vol. 22, No. 4, 2006, pp. 613

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Abstract  

The paper was to establish an easy and effective method to investigate and develop a specific technological field from Japanese patent information. The walking technique of the biped humanoid robot was used as an example to study the relative research capabilities and patent citation conditions for patent owners and patent map by the searching method of the theme code for FI (File Index) and F-term classification system of the Japanese Patent Office (JPO). A formulated technical matrix of patent map was established to indicate that the ZMP (Zero Moment Point) control means was the main technology to achieve stabilized walking control of the humanoid biped robot. This method can aid to establish a specific technological matrix from the specific selected term codes (single viewpoint or multiple viewpoints) of the F-term list in the theme code of the JPO system through Boolean logical operations. The resulting particular technical fields were developed to improve the technological capability or seek the merging technology opportunities.

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The robot's rebellion University of Chicago Press Chicago .

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Abstract  

Analyses for certification have been made by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) for the determination of 21 elements in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Spinach renewal reference material, SRM 1570a. Elements determined included ones with short halflife products (Al, V, Ca, Mg), intermediate halflife products (Mn, Na, K, La), and long halflife products (Ba, Co, Cr, Cs, Eu, Fe, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Sr, Th, and Zn). For the first time a new robotic sample changer was used in the counting of long halflife indicator isotopes for certification of an SRM. Uncertainties obtained averaged±1.80% for the four major and minor constituents (Ca, K, Mg, Na); ±3.14% for elements with concentrations from 1 to 400 mg/kg (Al, Ba, Cr, Fe, Mn, Rb, Sr, and Zn); and±8.31% for the ultra trace elements (<1 mg/kg) (Co, Cs, Eu, La, Sb, Sc, Se, Th, and V).

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] Lazard D. , Merlet J.-P. ( 1994 ), The (true) Stewart platform has 12 configurations. In: Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation . p. 2160 . ISBN 0-8186-5330-2. doi:10.1109/ROBOT

Open access

Az építésautomatizálás technológiai lehetőségei

Az ipar 4.0 szemlélet kibontakozása az építőiparban

The Technological Opportunities of Construction Automation

The Development of the Industry 4.0 Approach in the Construction Industry
Építés - Építészettudomány
Authors:
István Vidovszky
and
Tamás Szögi

kapcsolatosan leggyakrabban a következő területekkel találkozhatunk: – automatizált építőipari előregyártás, – automatizált helyszíni gyártás, építés, – adott feladatra kifejlesztett építőrobotok (single task construction robots), – több célra használható

Open access

The efficient and convenient synthesis and manipulation of the peptides beyond what is normally feasible to achieve in a living cell offers a powerful strategy for investigating the complex processes that occur in living organisms and may lead to elucidation of mechanisms that are of direct relevance to new drug discovery initiatives. We report an efficient and sequence-specific stop flow strategy for the synthesis of α-peptides using natural amino acids as well as synthetic amino acid analogues, activated as N-carboxyanhydrides with traceless protection groups. The coupling step is carried out by a robotic liquid handler and by maintaining the product in the liquid phase we have overcome several challenges posed by traditional peptide synthesis. The removal of the protection group uses a continuous flow hydrogenolysis method for highly efficient deprotection. We demonstrate that high yields and purities are obtainable via this new automated solution-phase approach that runs under a dedicated software control. This technique opens up new possibilities for development of peptides for various pharmaceutical and proteomic applications in routine research laboratories.

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Ember, gép, tanulás

Humans, Robots, Learning

Educatio
Author:
István Bessenyei

überlegen nicht, was sie nach Feierabend tun. Interjú. Die Zeit, 17. April 2019. 10 Westlund, J. K. et al. (2016) Tega: A Social Robot. In: 11th

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