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Acta Ethnographica Hungarica
Authors:
Hrisztalina Hrisztova-Gotthardt
,
Anna Litovkina
,
Péter Barta
, and
Katalin Vargha

Paronomasia is a popular form of wordplay often used to transform proverbs into antiproverbs (deliberate proverb innovations, also known as alterations, mutations, parodies, transformations, variations, wisecracks, and fractured proverbs) by replacing certain phonemes with similar ones, or by adding or omitting phonemes. The present paper describes and exemplifies this sort of pun by using selected German, Hungarian, English, French and Russian language data. The first part of the paper focuses on the linguistic aspects of paronomasia; the second part stresses semantic characteristics. This study also examines the role of wordplay on the theme of sexuality, and then comments on the use of proper nouns in proverb transformations. We conclude that all five of the languages in our research corpus use similar, if not identical, approaches to forge a “twisted wisdom” out of a simple proverb.

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A theoretically motivated reasoning leaving its mark on legal dogmatics producing some derivative through a methodical process, the doctrinal study of law is a parasite contingent upon the law in force. For it converts law positedly built by consecutive structuring of words into some sort of a uniform conceptual system. Therefore it is an authored product mostly in a historical chain. Its novelty is lending logicality to what is inadvertent itself. As a reconstruction providing logically added meaning to a subject not carrying this itself, it too is contingent with by chance variations competing amongst themselves. Its goal is to establish consequentiality for deductive derivations in order to guarantee certainty in/of the law. Consequently, in arrangements without conceptualization there is no dogmatics either. In European history, the continental tradition has retraced ius to lex for the law to be embodied by posited texts. Dogmatics is a meta-structure logified upon them.

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Abstract  

Instead of reading the equilibrium value, the deflection of the balance as a function time can be measured and the equation of motion
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$T = J\ddot \alpha + k\dot \alpha + C\alpha$$ \end{document}
can be used to calculate the unknown torque T and to relate the other quantities in the equation to the actual instrument-constants. In this way, balance reading could be much faster and weighing errors due to faulty instrument and environmental influences can be smaller than those in equilibrium position. This enables the use of microbalances for the observation of fast chemical or thermal processes and to use it as fast checkweigher for control of sorting machines. In the present paper we present results from calculations of a simulation procedure.
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Abstract  

Differential scanning calorimetry has been used to study the heat flow during melting and crystallisation of a range of polypropylene post-consumer waste (PP PCW) grades and blends. The heat flow curves and the heat capacity curves indicated that the PP PCW grades and blends contained contaminants even after manual sorting and a cleaning process. The enthalpies of the PP PCW grades were lower than that for the virgin grades, as a result of degradation. Small amounts of polymeric contaminants (up to 10%) did not affect the enthalpies of PP PCW although other contaminants may have had some effect. The enthalpies of the PCW blends could in general be predicted by a linear additive rule, which is of importance for recycling a variety of PP PCW products.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
T. Belgya
,
Z. Kis
,
L. Szentmiklósi
,
Zs. Kasztovszky
,
G. Festa
,
L. Andreanelli
,
M. De Pascale
,
A. Pietropaolo
,
P. Kudejova
,
R. Schulze
, and
T. Materna

Abstract  

Prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA) is a well known tool for non-destructive bulk elemental analysis of objects. The measured concentrations are only representative of the whole sample if it is homogenous; otherwise it provides only a sort of average composition of the irradiated part. In this latter case one has to scan the sample to obtain the spatial distribution of the elements. To test this idea we have constructed a prompt gamma activation imaging — neutron tomograph (PGAI-NT) setup at the NIPS station of the Budapest Research Reactor, consisting of a high-resolution neutron tomograph and a germanium gamma-spectrometer. The samples are positioned relative to the intersection of the collimated neutron beam and the projection of the gamma-collimator (isocenter) by using an xyzω-moving table.

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Abstract  

Since the early 1970’s, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has maintained a low-level decay, multi-channel counting facility for measuring environmental samples and for pulse distribution studies tied to the behavior of proportional and Geiger-Müller detectors. Pulses have been time stamped and sorted using a hard-wired digital logic interface to discriminate coincidence, anticoincidence, guard and test pulse events; to digitize the pulse-height and rise-time; to monitor specific characteristics of intra-channel and inter-channel events; and to measure microsecond timing between any two events. To enhance event characterization, a computer-based waveform analyzer was added in 1985 to digitize individual pulses. In 2002, a next-generation low-level counting (NG-LLC) system was developed using commercial off-the-shelf electronics. The objective of this paper is to describe the key components of the NG-LLC system. Many of the event parameters previously determined by inflexible digital logic are now calculated in software.

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Abstract  

A review of our work on the application of the PGNAA method as applied to five industrial applications is given. Some introductory material is first given on the importance and use of Monte Carlo simulation in this area, some comments on the place of PGNAA in elemental analysis, and a brief description of the Monte Carlo — Library Least-Squares (MCLLS) approach to the nonlinear inverse PGNAA analysis problem. Then the applications of PGNAA are discussed for: (1) on-line bulk coal analysis, (2) nuclear oil well logging, (3) vitrified waste, (4) the analysis of sodium and aluminum in “green liquor” in the presence of chlorine, and (5) the conveyor belt sorting of aluminum alloy samples. It is concluded that PGNAA is a rapidly emerging important new technology and measurement approach.

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Abstract  

The aim of this paper is to put in evidence the role played by solvent extraction when it is used as an analytical tool, in association with activation analysis, to avoid problematic interferences or to increase the detection limit of specific elements or groups of elements present in various sorts of samples. Some significant examples of this successful association, particularly from the 1980 decade, are presented and discussed according to the type of chemical reaction involved in the extraction of the species of interest to be determined. Solvent extraction is no longer widely used for this specific purpose, however, the acquired knowledge has been the basis for the development of other alternative methods for separation and/or pre-concentration, applied to different matrixes, prior to, or after, activation analysis.

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Abstract  

A simple method for estimating the activation sensitivity of an element/isotope, activated with cyclotron produced fast neutrons, has been developed. It uses the measured neutron spectra produced by bombarding a thick Be target with deuterons of different energies (15-54 MeV) and the measured/estimated neutron cross sections for the particular nuclear reaction. This method is applicable to all sorts of neutron spectra and all the elements/isotopes, whose cross sections/excitation functions in the relevant energy ranges, are available. We have applied this method to estimate the activation sensitivities of a number of lighter elements of biomedical interest. It is pointed out that this simple method is much cheaper, more convenient and quicker in estimating the activation sensitivities than experimental measurements - of course as long as the appropriate excitation functions are available.

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Abstract  

What happens when we consider “poetics,” a term and concept well-known from Aristotle’s philosophical treatment of Greek epic and tragic drama, in the larger context of world literature as we understand it today? What would be the essential elements in the definition of poetics? What sort of critical issues it can address, and what resources it may draw on in the world’s various literary traditions? In the ancient world, East Asia and South Asia all have distinct traditions of literary expression with emphasis and critical conceptualizations rather different from those of the Greek-Roman tradition. What would the consideration of poetics in a broad cross-cultural perspective lead us to? In this presentation, these are the theoretical issues to be explored to arrive at a better understanding of poetics not only in the Western tradition, but truly of the world, with the richness of content and critical functions considered with relation to a global concept of world literature.

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