Authors:Claudia Simonescu, V. Teodorescu, Oana Carp, Luminita Patron, and Camelia Capatina
Thermal behaviour of CuS (covellite) obtained from the Cu(CH3COO)2·H2O and Na2S2O3·5H2O
system, working at different molar ratio (1:6 and 1:4) in presence/absence
of NH4VO3, was studied. It was
established that the presence of vanadium in the system induces a densification
of CuS nodules, but do not change the hexagonal CuS structure. It has an important
influence in thermal behaviour of copper sulfide CuS obtained also. The morphological
characteristics of CuS play an important role in the thermal stability and
the stoichiometry of the thermal decompositions.
Also, the possibility
to obtain copper sulfides with greater cooper content was investigated.
Authors:J. Kristóf, M. Tóth, M. Gábor, P. Szabó, and R. L. Frost
Intercalation complexes of three different Hungarian kaolinites with hydrazine and potassium acetate were investigated by FT-IR (DRIFT) spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetry combined with mass spectrometry. Differences were found in the thermal behaviour of the complexes as well as in the rehydration — reexpansion patterns of the heated intercalates. An XRD method is proposed for the distinction of kaolinite and 7.2 Å halloysite present in the same mineral.
Authors:N. Ananthalakshmi, P. Wadgaonkar, S. Sivaram, and I. Varma
The paper describes the effect of molecular mass and copolymer composition on thermal behaviour of homopolymers and copolymers of glycidyl methacrylate and methyl methacrylate. The polymerisation was done by using group transfer polymerization (GTP) and free radical techniques. A multistep decomposition was observed in polymers prepared by free radical technique indicating the presence of weak linkages in the backbone. Copolymers prepared by GTP had fewer weak sites and degraded in single step by a random chain scission.
Authors:Maria Luisa A. Gonçalves, D. A. Ribeiro, Deusa Angélica P. Da Mota, Ana Maria R. F. Teixeira, and M. A. G. Teixeira
Summary Thermogravimetry (TG) was applied to evaluate the thermal behavior of five refinery atmospheric distillation residues (ATR) obtained from different Brazilian crude oils. The asphaltenes were extracted of each sample and their influence on coke formation was studied. It was observed that they have a great contribution on carbonaceous residues formation during pyrolysis and that the heavier the ATR sample, the higher is the contribution of other heavy components present in ATR samples.
Authors:M. Luengos, E. Ambrosio, A. Bohé, and D. Pasquevich
The thermal behavior of a purified galena in a chlorine surrounding was determined. The kinetic of the chlorination of galena
and the stoichiometry of this reaction between 723 to 973 K (450 to 700C) were measured by thermogravimetry. The microstructural
characterization of the solid residues were determined by SEM, EDXS and XRD. The ΔHvap of the produced lead chloride volatilization was obtained by the application of Clausius-Clapeyron equation considering the
process in an equilibrium state.
Authors:P. Espeau, B. Nicolaï, R. Céolin, M. Perrin, L. Zaske, J. Giovannini, and F. Leveiller
Investigation into the thermal behavior of orthorhombic Forms I and II of spironolactone, by means of differential scanning
calorimetry and high-resolution X-ray powder diffraction, showed that Form I melts then recrystallizes into Form II at 373–393
K, i.e. in the temperature range within which high resolution X-ray powder diffration showed that Form I transforms into Form II.
Refinements of the lattice parameters of the two forms indicated that Form I is denser than Form II in the range from 298
K up to the temperature at which it melts.
Authors:F. López, A. Mercê, F. Alguacil, and A. López-Delgado
The thermal behaviour of chitosan was studied by means of thermogravimetry, mass spectrometry and infrared spectrometry. Kinetic
parameters were obtained by advanced kinetic evaluation (differential isoconversional analysis) from DSC curves, in non-isothermal
conditions, at several heating rates, between 5 and 30°C min−1. The results showed that the decomposition of chitosan does not follow a single mechanism because both the activation energy
and the pre-exponential factor are not constant during the course of the reaction. A comparison with the results obtained
by applying different conventional calculating methods is also shown.
Thermal behaviour of blends based on N,N'-bis(4-itaconimidophenyl) ether (IE) and 4,4'-bis(4-allyl-2-methoxyphenoxy) benzophenone
(R1) or 4,4'-bis(2-allylphenoxy) benzophenone (R2) are described in this paper. The reactive diluent content was varied from 5-50% (mass/mass) in these blends. A decrease
in the melting point and exothermic peak temperature was observed with increasing mass percent of reactive diluent. Thermal
stability of blends was affected at high mass percentage of reactive diluents.
Authors:V. Manríquez, C. Díaz, G. González, and I. Brito
Benzenesulfenamides with the formula R-S-N-(R′)2 (R=C6H5 andR′=NC4H8O, C7H7 and C6H11) and their chromium carbonyl complexes were studied by means of TG and mass spectrometric methods. The thermal behaviour of the compounds the stabilities of free sulfenamides are lower than those observed for the corresponding chromium carbonyl complexes. Combined thermogravimetry — mass spectrometry results suggest that the fragmentation mechanism of the carbonyl complexes involves cleavage of the Cr-S and Cr-CO bonds while that of sulfenamide depends mainly on the dissociation rates of the NR2 groups.
Authors:Kadri Siimer, Tiit Kaljuvee, Tõnis Pehk, and Ilmar Lasn
Thermal behaviour of industrial UF resins modified by low level of melamine was followed by TG-DTA technique on the labsysTM instrument Setaram together with the 13C NMR analysis of resin structure and testing boards in current production at Estonian particleboard factory Pärnu Plaaditehas
AS. DTA curve of UF resin which has been cocondensed during synthesis with even low level of melamine shows the shift of condensation
exotherm and water evaporation endotherm to considerable higher temperatures. The effect of melamine monomer introduced to
UF resin just before curing was compared. The effect of addition of urea as formaldehyde scavenger was studied.