Authors:Natalia V. Avramenko, E. B. Stukalin, and M. V. Korobov
The binary systems of C60with α-methyl- and α-chloronaphthalene have been studied by means of differential scanning calorimetry. C60was found to form the molecular complex of the van der Waals type with α-methylnaphthalene which melts incongruently below
the boiling point of the solvent at temperature 382.73.0 K. The enthalpy of the desolvation reaction is 14.10.5 kJ mol-1of C60. The molar ratio of fullerene to solvent in the solvate is 1:1.5. In the system C60-α-chloronaphthalene a two-stage incongruent melting process has been observed at temperatures 314.14.6 K and 375.77.4 K
with the enthalpies 8.12.6 kJ mol-1and 11.61.0 kJ mol-1, respectively. The composition of the most solvated phase equilibrated with the saturated solution at room temperature and
below the first of the incongruent melting transitions was determined as 1:1.5. Based on the results obtained the thermodynamic
characteristics of the incongruent melting reactions have been revealed and influence of solvate formation on solubility of
C60has been discussed.
Authors:V. B. Lazarev, K. S. Gavrichev, and V. E. Gorbunov
Low temperature heat capacity of ammonium, rubidium and cesium perbromates has been studied by method of adiabatic calorimetry. Anomaly of the heat capacity of cesium perbromate has been found, which corresponds to a structural phase transition. The separation of heat capacity into components has been carried out by the additive scheme. The torsion oscillation of BrO4− anions in solid perbromates at low temperatures has been found. Ammonium ions retardedly rotate aroundC2 axes in the crystal lattice of NH4BrO4.
Authors:Z.-C. Tan, B. Xue, S.-W. Lu, S.-H. Meng, X.-H. Yuan, and Y.-J. Song
The heat capacities of fenpropathrin in the temperature range from 80 to 400 K were measured with a precise automatic adiabatic calorimeter. The fenpropathrin sample was prepared with the purity of 0.9916 mole fraction. A solid—liquid fusion phase transition was observed in the experimental temperature range. The melting point, Tm, enthalpy and entropy of fusion,
fusSm, were determined to be 322.48±0.01 K, 18.57±0.29 kJ mol–1 and 57.59±1.01 J mol–1 K–1, respectively. The thermodynamic functions of fenpropathrin, H(T)—H(298.15), S(T)—S(298.15) and G(T)—G(298.15), were reported with a temperature interval of 5 K. The TG analysis under the heating rate of 10 K min–1 confirmed that the thermal decomposition of the sample starts at ca. 450 K and terminates at ca. 575 K. The maximum decomposition rate was obtained at 558 K. The purity of the sample was determined by a fractional melting method.
The temperature dependence of the molar heat capacity (C0p) of hydrofullerene C60H36 between 5 and 340 K was determined by adiabatic vacuum calorimetry with an error of about 0.2%. The experimental data were
used for the calculation of the thermodynamic functions of the compound in the range 0 to340 K. It was found that at T=298.15 K and p=101.325 kPa C0p (298.15)=690.0 J K−1 mol−1,Ho(298.15)−Ho(0)= 84.94 kJ mol−1,So(298.15)=506.8 J K−1 mol−1, Go(298.15)−Ho(0)= −66.17 kJ mol−1. The standard entropy of formation of hydrofullerene C60H36 and the entropy of reaction of its formation by hydrogenation of fullerene C60 with hydrogen were estimated and at T=298.15 K they were ΔfSo= −2188.4 J K−1 mol−1 and ΔrSo= −2270.5 J K−1mol−1, respectively.
Authors:B. Xue, X. Li, J. Wang, S. Yu, Z. Tan, and L. Sun
The heat capacities of trans-(R)-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid in the temperature range from 78 to 389 K were measured
with a precise automatic adiabatic calorimeter. The sample was prepared with the purity of 0.9874 mole fraction. A solid-liquid
fusion phase transition was observed in the experimental temperature range. The melting point, Tm, enthalpy and entropy of fusion, ΔfusHm, ΔfusSm, were determined to be 344.75±0.02 K, 13.75±0.07 kJ mol−1, 39.88±0.21 J K−1 mol−1, respectively. The thermodynamic functions of the sample, H(T)-H(298.15), S(T)-S(298.15) and G(T)-G(298.15), were reported with a temperature interval of 5 K. The thermal decomposition of the sample was studied by TG analysis, the
thermal decomposition starts at ca. 421 K and terminates at ca. 535 K, the maximum decomposition rate was obtained at 525
K. The order of reaction, pre-exponential factor and activation energy, are n=0.14, A=1.15·108 min−1, E=66.27 kJ mol−1, respectively.
Authors:N. Smirnova, B. Lebedev, T. Bykova, A. Markin, and D. Tur
By adiabatic vacuum and dynamic calorimetry, heat capacity for poly[bis(trifluoroethoxy)phosphazene] has been determined over the 6–620 K range. Physical transformations of the polymer on its heating
and cooling have been detected and characterized. Smoothed heat capacity Cp0(T) and standard thermodynamic functions (H0(T)-H0(0), S0(T) and G0(T)-H0(0)) of poly[bis(trifluoroethoxy)phosphazene] have been evaluated for the temperature range from T→0 to 560 K. The standard entropy of formation ΔfS0 at T=298.15 K has been also determined. Fractal dimensions D in the heat capacity function of the multifractal variant of Debye’s theory of heat capacity of solids characterizing the
heterodynamics of the tested polymer have been determined.