Search Results

You are looking at 71 - 80 of 258 items for :

  • "internationalization" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
Scientometrics
Authors:
Pauline Mattsson
,
Patrice Laget
,
Anna Nilsson
, and
Carl-Johan Sundberg

Abstract  

The increase of co-authored papers is a recognized fact. At the same time the factors influencing this change is not well known. This article aims at studying the patterns of EU science co-authorships. We analyzed articles published in 18 EU countries and their intra-EU (within EU) and extra-EU (with partners outside EU) co-publication pattern in five scientific fields. The results point to a Europeanisation of shared co-authorship rather than an internationalization outside Europe. Smaller countries co-authored more with other EU countries than bigger countries while the co-authorship rate with extra-EU partners was not dependent of the country’s size. The co-authorship patterns were also found to depend on the scientific field. Engineering and Computing & Technology was the field with the highest level of national publications and Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences the field with the highest level of both intra-EU and extra-EU collaborations. These results support the view that a single market for research is developing within the EU with a seamless extension of national systems into other Member States ones.

Restricted access
Scientometrics
Authors:
Carlos Suárez-Balseiro
,
Elias Sanz-Casado
, and
Laurie Ortiz-Rivera

Scientific activity has been increasing in Puerto Rico in recent years, a development mirrored not only by the amount of papers published, but by the international links established for scientific co-operation. The purpose of the present study is to identify and discuss the patterns of such co-operation, along with the trends in scientific research conducted in that context at Puerto Rican institutions. The methodology includes an analysis of the main areas of research addressed, defined as the area of specialization of the journals publishing papers indexed in the Science Citation Index (CD-ROM version) from 1980 to 1999. A total of 7271 studies, appearing in 1240 scientific journals, were selected to study the co-operation established between Puerto Rican institutions and organizations in other countries. The findings showed a high rate of international co-operation: 46.07% of the papers published were co-authored by researchers from other countries. The country accounting for the highest percentage of joint research was the USA, followed by Germany, United Kingdom, Canada and Italy. The close relationship between the Puerto Rican and US scientific systems is not unusual, inasmuch as the economic and socio-political bonds between them play an essential role in Puerto Rican scientific activity. The results also revealed substantial differences between the nineteen eighties and the nineties in terms of the nature of the links established, as well as growing internationalization of scientific research conducted on the island over the twenty-year period studied.

Restricted access

Implementing relevant disciplinary evaluations in the social sciences

National vs international interactions in scientific communities

Scientometrics
Authors:
Philippe Jeannin
and
Joëlle Devillard

Summary This paper addresses the issue of relevancy when tackling the problem of the evaluation of research published in Social Science journals. This evaluation initialy relies on a critical selection of the databases scientists use. To implement relevant disciplinary evaluations, the method also needs to be scientific, ethical, replicable, comprehensive, flexible, transparent, accessible, incentive, productive, updatable and “internationalizable”. This qualitative approach takes into account the current global environment of research. Our method - introducing these criteria - consists in selecting the bases (either bases from the Institute for Scientific Information or not) scientists favour, in crossing them to elaborate new lists of journals, in testing them, in launching a life-size survey among scientists. This method stands as a prerequisite for further applications. Beyond this rather constructivist approach, such evaluations of research can benefit to all the actors participating in the process of the dissemination of knowledge. The need for an international cooperation in coming up with relevant evaluation criteria and indexes is put forward when implementing these sets of evaluation. The appendix presents a case study on French sociology.

Restricted access

The “contextualizing” and “internationalizing” of the history of psychology is an ongoing project, however, Central Europe, as a coherent perspective, and the history of Hungarian psychology specifically, is acutely missing in current surveys of international psychology, and more broadly, in “western consciousness”. This paper is an attempt at presenting a comprehensive, socially and politically contextualized framework of the history of Hungarian psychology, from its beginnings until the fall of communism. The paper situates the history of psychology in the history of Hungary since without this broader background Hungarian psychology cannot be treated as a contextualized phenomenon. Reconstructing the history of Hungarian psychology is, at the same time, reclaiming the past, since continuity with, and remembrance of the past was once forcefully obstructed by the communist regime, and the effects proved to be long lasting. Hungarian psychology was, in part, a genuine “extension” of psychology as it developed in Germany and more broadly in Europe, but also a unique and remarkable phenomenon greatly shaped by specific socio-political context. Scholarship on the history of Hungarian psychology is growing fast, but the richness of this history has yet to be more fully explored and appreciated, inside and outside of Hungary.

Restricted access

Abstract  

This study does a bibliometric analysis based on keywords of conference proceedings. Scientometric investigations of conference proceedings are a new and innovative, not very common approach. The studies and papers presented may be interpreted as early indicators of scientific development. The Academy of International Business (AIB) was chosen for being the leading organization for studies in international business with contributions covering a 3-year period (2006–2008). The study presents the general structure of current scholarly interest in international business studies, clusters the keywords and reflects details on the focused research areas of the papers analyzed. The bibliometric analysis indicates three clusters: the core, the semi-periphery and the periphery. The five most occurring keywords were found to be multinational enterprise, emerging markets, foreign direct investment, internationalization and knowledge management in descending order. The analyses focus on concepts building the core (in total ten keywords), the semi-periphery which is coined by performance and related topics (60 keywords) and the periphery of the studies with governance and specific facets of it (199 keywords).

Restricted access

Abstract  

This longitudinal survey of Swedish biomedical PhDs from 1991 to 2009 found a 2.5-fold increase in biomedical PhD graduates, especially women, and mainly non-MDs, while the number of MDs remained fairly constant. The proportion obtaining a biomedical PhD in Sweden in 2006 was two and a half times that in USA compared to population and three and a half times by GDP, but similar to that of the Netherlands. Female non-MD but not female MD candidates were more likely than men to be examined by female examiners. Fewer of the non-MD than MD women continued to publish in English after their PhD. The median number of authors per paper in a thesis had increased by 1 (from 4 to 5) compared with 15–20 years ago. Swedish biomedical research was already well internationalized in 1991, when 38% of the external examiners came from abroad. This rose to 53% in 2003 but in 2009 had returned to 42%. USA and UK were the most common countries but Australia accounted for 2%. When assessed by connection with foreign research teams, Swedish researchers were also internationally well connected. Studies in other countries are needed to assess how generally applicable these findings are. Our findings suggest that the policy and management of Swedish scientific research systems needs revision to harmonize with the national economic capacity.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Integrating data from three independent data sources––USPTO patenting data, Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and the Times Higher Education Supplement’s World University Ranking (WUR), we examine the possible link between patenting output and the quantity and quality of scientific publications among 281 leading universities world-wide. We found that patenting by these universities, as measured by patents granted by the USPTO, has grown consistently faster than overall US patenting over 1977–2000, although it has grown more slowly over the last 5 years (2000–2005). Moreover, since the mid-1990s, patenting growth has been faster among universities outside North America than among those within North America. We also found that the patenting output of the universities over 2003–2005 is significantly correlated with the quantity and quality of their scientific publications. However, significant regional variations are found: for universities in North America, both the quantity and quality of scientific publications matter, but for European and Australian/NZ universities, only the quantity of publications matter, while for other universities outside North America and Europe/Australia/NZ, only quality of publications matter. We found similar findings when using EPO patenting data instead of USPTO data. Additionally, for USPTO data only, the degree of internationalization of faculty members is found to reduce patenting performance among North American universities, but to increase that of universities outside North America. Plausible explanations for these empirical observations and implications for future research are discussed.

Restricted access

A magyar, német és belga felsőoktatási intézmények eredményessége

The Effectiveness of the Hungarian, German and Belgian Higher Institutions

Educatio
Authors:
Zsolt Tibor Kosztyán
,
Vivien Valéria Csányi
,
Zsuzsanna Banász
, and
András Telcs

Összefoglaló. A tanulmány a magyarországi felsőoktatási intézményeket vizsgálja, kontrollként kiegészítve németországi és belgiumi intézményekkel. E három ország (főként hazánk) intézményei közül számos nem szerepel a nemzetközi rangsorokban, ezért további elérhető szekunder forrásokból számítottunk tipikus rangsorképző indikátorokat a rangsorokban általában vizsgált tényezőkre, mint az oktatás, a kutatás, a nemzetköziesség, valamint a finanszírozás. Ez alapján elsősorban arra a kutatási kérdésre kerestük a választ, hogy a magyar felsőoktatási intézmények miként (mely indikátoraik javításával) kapaszkodhatnának fel a rangsorok szerint világszinten legjobbnak tartott 100, illetve 200 intézmény közé. Elemzéseink alapján a magyar felsőoktatási intézményeknek a következő indikátorokban szükséges leginkább fejlődniük: egy oktatóra vetítve három mutatóban (PhD-fokozatot szerzők száma, nemzetközi publikációk száma, kutatási bevétel), az alapszakos hallgatókra jutó oktatók számában, valamint a külföldi oktatók arányában.

Summary. This study examines higher education institutions in Hungary, using German and Belgian institutions as a control group. Since many of these institutions are not represented in international rankings (mainly Hungarian institutions), we use further available ranking indicators from different secondary sources – these indicators are related to education, research, internationalization, and funding. We aim to answer the following research question: how Hungarian higher education institutions can reach and be among the top 100 and top 200 best institutions in the world? Based on our analyses, Hungarian higher education institutions need to develop the most in the following indicators: per lecturer in three indicators (number of Ph.D. graduates, number of international publications, research revenue), number of lecturers per undergraduate student, the proportion of foreign lecturers.

Open access

Globalizáció és civilizáció

Globalization and Civilization

Educatio
Author:
Zsolt Rostoványi

A tanulmány a civilizáció és a kultúra szerepét vizsgálja a globalizálódó nemzetközi rendszerben. Rámutat a helyzet ellentmondásosságára, az egységesülés és a széttöredezés, a globalizáció és a deglobalizáció, a civilizációs és decivilizációs folyamat egyidejű érvényesülésére. Bemutatja a civilizáció és a kultúra különböző értelmezéseit, a fogalmak egyes és többes számú alakjainak (civilizáció – civilizációk, kultúra – kultúrák) használatában rejlő ellentmondásokat. Globális civilizációról csupán technicista-instrumentalista értelemben beszélhetünk, a szó társadalom-, illetve történelemfilozófiai értelmében nem. Napjainkat a lokális identitások szerepének széles körű előretörése jellemzi. A tanulmány bemutatja a globális kultúra több típusát, köztük azt a nemzetköziesedett elit kultúrát, amelynek az oktatás – mindenekelőtt a felsőoktatás – is része.

Open access

References 1. Drezen , E. 2002 . Internationalization of Scientific-technical Terminology . Riga. 2. IITF

Restricted access