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Abstract  

Thermal investigation has allowed us to show the changes undergone by a sort of nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR) as a consequence ofγ-radiation-induced ageing. The parameters of the processes, which occur at progressive heating of the investigated samples, were determined. It was shown that for γ-irradiated samples the activation parameters corresponding to the thermo-oxidative process leading to solid products are correlated through the relation of compensation effect. Also, it was shown that, by γ-irradiation, NBR undergoes a relatively rapid change of its thermal behaviour which can be due to structural changes.

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Abstract  

The kinetic and thermal behaviour of the following compounds: R-HN-CO-NH-(CH2)n-C6H4-SO2NH2 where R=3,4-dichlorophenyl, phenyl, cyclohexyl; n=0, 1, 2 were studied by TG and DTA techniques. The compounds decompose in many steps; the last one corresponding to the burning of H2N–S–C6H4–C6H4–S–NH2 occurs with comparable reaction rates.

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Abstract  

The example of the sequence of reactions

\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $${\text{A}}\xrightarrow{{k_1 }}{\text{B}}\xrightarrow{{k_2 }}{\text{C}}$$ \end{document}
and the steady-state approximation are used to present a demonstration of the fact that the evolution of the reaction rates under non-isothermal conditions depends on the ratio of the activation energies and on the heating rate. At the same time, it is shown that, under isothermal conditions, the ratio of the activation energies plays no role.

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Abstract  

A differential method is proposed which uses local heating rates to evaluate non-isothermal kinetic parameters. The method allows to study the influence of the deviation of the true heating rate with respect to the programmed one on the values of the kinetic parameters. For application, the kinetic parameters of the following solid-gas decomposition reaction were evaluated: [Ni(NH3)6]Br2(s)→[Ni(NH3)2]Br2(s)+4NH3(g). The results obtained revealed significant differences between the values of the non-isothermal kinetic parameters obtained by using local heating rates and those obtained by using the programmed heating rate. It was also demonstrated that the kinetic equation which makes use of the local heating rates permits a better description of the experimental (α, t) data than the kinetic equation which uses the programmed constant heating rate.

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Abstract  

A new compound cyclohexyl-t-butyldimethylammonium tetraphenylborate, [C6H11N(CH3)2(C(CH3)3)]BPh4 has been prepared, and its decomposition mechanism was studied by TG. The IR spectra of the products of thermal decomposition were examined at every stage. Kinetic analysis for the first stage of thermal decomposition process was obtained by TG and DTG curves, and kinetic parameters were obtained from the analysis of the TG-DTG curves with integral and differential equations. The most probable kinetic function was suggested by comparison of kinetic parameters.

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Abstract  

This paper reports an investigation of the thermal stabilities of the class of coordination compounds containing lanthanide ions Ln(III) (Ln=La, Sm, Eu, Dy, Er), Co(II) ions and oxalate anions C2O 4 2– . The thermal decomposition steps were identified, and in some cases the values of the non-isothermal kinetic parameters were determined.

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Abstract  

The thermal decomposition of Zn[NFA]2 5H2O (NFA=C16H18FN3O3, norfloxacin) and its kinetics were studied under non-isothermal conditions in air by TG-DTG and DTA methods. The intermediate and residue for each decomposition were identified from the TG curve. The non-isothermal kinetic data were analyzed by means of the Achar method and the Madhusudanan-Krishnan-Ninan (MKN) method. The possible reaction mechanisms were investigated by comparing the kinetic parameters. The kinetic equation for the second stage can be expressed as d/dt=Aexp(–E/RT)(1–).

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Abstract  

Crystal of the complex Ni2L (ClO4)2 was obtained by reaction of Ni(ClO4)2 and macrocyclic ligand H2L, where L2– is the dinucleating macrocycle with two 2,6-di(aminomethyl)-4-methyl phenolate entities combined by the same two lateral chains, –(CH2)2–NH–(CH2)2–, at the amino nitrogens. The thermal decomposition processes of the title complex were studied in a dynamic atmosphere of dry argon using TG-DTG. The kinetic analysis of the first and second thermal decomposition steps were performed via the TG-DTG curves, and the kinetic parameters were obtained from analysis of the TG-DTG curves with integral and differential methods. The most probable kinetic function was suggested by comparison of the kinetic parameters.

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Barium(II) tetraphenylborate, Ba(Bph4))2·4H2O was prepared, and its decomposition mechanism was studied by means of TG and DTA. The products of thermal decomposition were examined by means of gas chromatography and chemical methods. A kinetic analysis of the first stage of thermal decomposition was made on the basis of TG and DTG curves and kinetic parameters were obtained from an analysis of the TG and DTG curves using integral and differential methods. The most probable kinetic function was suggested by comparison of kinetic parameters. A mathematical expression was derived for the kinetic compensation effect.

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Kinetic analysis of thermogravimetric data

XXX. Thermal decomposition of some Reinecke salt like complexes

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. Zsakó, I. Ganescu, Cs. Várhelyi, and L. Chirigiu

Thermal decomposition of 6 complexes of the type AH[Cr(NCS)4 (am)2]· nH2O is studied with derivatograph. The formation of Cr(NCS)3 as a labile intermediate is presumed. For some decomposition stages kinetic parameters are derived. The kinetic compensation effect is discussed.

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