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Résumé  

Dans certains de ses romans, Maryse Condé, écrivaine guadeloupéenne, fait de la mouvance la plaque tournante d’une certaine quête identitaire. Elle fait se déplacer ses nombreux personnages qui cherchent un moyen d’améliorer leur sort social et économique. Mais le plus souvent, ses personnages, comme on le voit dansLa colonie du nouveau monde, La migration des cœurs, La vie scélérate, Les derniers rois mages, Desirada, etc. …, vivent plutôt dans des conditions difficiles dans leurs terres d’accueil où ils s’entassent dans des taudis insalubres. De là la tendance à avoir peur du phénomène de la mondialisation. Pour Condé, il faut plutôt embrasser ce phénomène au lieu d’en avoir peur. Tout ce dont l’homme antillais a besoin c’est d’acquérir une bonne instruction qui lui garantirait une capacité de contribuer sa quote part au progrès du nouveau monde global qui est en train de se construire. Là est le sens de notre propos.

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Résumé  

La tragédie de la guerre civile est déjà présente chez Homère, avec des débuts d'humanisme.Horace de Corneille,Siegfried etLa guerre de Troie n'aura pas lieu de Jean Giraudoux sont des drames très célèbres tout comme «Au-dessus de la mêlée» (Romain Rolland) qui font entendre la voix de l'humanisme dans la tragédie des guerres, dans lesquelles le sort le plus envié, selon la poésie héroïque, est de tomber glorieusement pour la patrie, à la fleur de l'âge. Le tragique du dilemme entre les liens familiaux, symbole des liens avec la grande famille humaine, à déchirer et les exigences de la raison d'Etat amène chez Homère et chez Corneille seulement les débuts d'une analyse des raisons de guerre et d'une exhortation à la paix, sur lesquels les drames de Giraudoux sont basés, sans pourtant être pacifistes.

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The article analyses the main tendencies in the transformation of the urban structure of Crimea at the later stage of the existence of the Crimean Khanate and the early years of Russian domination. After the Russian annexation of 1783, the urban structure of Crimea underwent some sort of hasty modernisation. This process, which strongly affected its most important centres (Sevastopol', Simferopol', Feodosija, Evpatorija) was less evident in smaller towns and settlements (Bahçesaray, Karasubazar). Some old mediaeval settlements were either entirely abandoned (Mangup, Çufut Kale, Orqapısı), or remained in the state of decline (Eski Kırım/Staryj Krym). The settlements along Crimea's coastline started to develop rapidly. Those situated on the southern coast (Yalta, Gurzuf, Alushta, Alupka, Nikita) started growing mostly because of their touristic importance, whereas those situated on the western shore (Sevastopol', Balaklava, Inkerman), due to their military significance.

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Determination of consumers’ acceptance level of sushi meal among Czech respondents was the main aim. The survey included 1352 respondents that filled in a questionnaire on their demographic characteristics and food preferences regarding their acceptance of sushi meal. Additionally, 79 volunteers participated in sorting sushi among other 14 popular meals in the Czech Republic, according to their assumed situations. The results indicate that sushi is highly accepted among Czech consumers (more than 80% of respondents consume sushi) due to sensory characteristics and health benefit claims of sushi. The main barrier for sushi acceptance is sushi being a cold meal. The study emphasized that sushi price highly influences not only consumption frequency but also acceptance of sushi among respondents who declared not consuming this type of meal.

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Following the ancient and the Arabic traditions of amor hereos, medieval physicians perpetuated the definition of love as a form of melancholy, a kind of insanity of atrabiliar origin, accompanied by intense fear and sorrow. This study investigates, on the one hand, the ambiguous medieval notions of melancholy and lovesickness, often included in a similar etiologic and nosologic framework, and the original contribution offered to this medical tradition by Arnold of Villanova, a Catalan physician of the 13th century. On the other hand, the paper attempts an analysis of the relationship between medical doctrine and literary theory, exploring the psychological-physical definition of amorous passion elaborated in what could be considered a sort of encyclopaedia of medieval love, in De amore by Andreas Capellanus.

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Abstract  

Determination of trace impurities in zinc selenide was carried out by substoichiometric neutron activation analysis. Trace impurities were separated from matrix elements by suitable procedures and determined by substoichiometric methods, i.e., Au was extracted with rhodamine-B, Ag and Cu with dithizone, Cr with sodium diethyldithiocarbamate, Co with 1-nitroso-2-naphthol, and Sb with cupferron. Two sorts of zinc selenide single crystals were supplied for analysis and the following values were obtained as impurity concentration; Au 0.36, 0.076 ppb, Ag 42, 32 ppb, Cr. 1.8, 0.63 ppm, Co 0.16, 0.0079 ppm, Sb 8.5, 5.9 ppb and Cu 1.4, 0.44 ppm. The behavior of copper by heat-treatment of zinc selenide was also studied by means of substoichiometric isotope dilution analysis.

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Abstract  

In order to retard radioxenon release into the atmosphere from nuclear power station or to sensitively monitor its concentration to ensure environmental and human safety, it is necessary to know the behavior of xenon dynamic adsorption on granular activated carbon pack bed adsorber. The quantities, including the dynamic adsorption coefficient (k d), the amount of xenon adsorbed (q), the length of mass transfer zone (L MTZ) and the length of the unused bed (LUB), used to describe the adsorption behavior, were sorted out and calculated. The factors, including xenon concentrations, pressures and temperatures, to affect these quantities were investigated. The results show that: (1) The values of k d and q decrease with increasing temperatures, but increase with increasing pressures, (2) The values of L MTZ and LUB increase with increasing temperatures or pressures, but are independent of concentrations. Knowledge of these quantities is very helpful for packed bed adsorber operation.

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Mikhail Bakhtin’s term of “dialogism” is closely connected with the terms of “ambiguity” and “ambivalence”. Describing dialogism, hybridity, and polyphony in his study “Слово в романе” [The word in the novel] he creates a poetics of ambiguity and ambivalence. The current study demonstrates on the examples of four Russian writers of the 20th century how Bakhtin’s theory can be understood this way, forming a parallel with the poetics of contemporary writers such as Daniil Kharms, Yevgeny Zamyatin, and Andrei Platonov as well as writers of the second half of the century such as Andrei Bitov. Whereas in the case of Kharms, the inherent ambiguity of the text dealt with in this article leads to a sort of dialogue among scholars, the cases of Zamyatin and Platonov are closely linked with the problem of dystopia, for which is typical the penetration of dialogism into a monological world. The last case, Andrei Bitov’s novel “Puskinhouse”, is closely linked with postmodernist ambiguity.

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The paper approaches to Mikszáth's novel as a dialogic structure, a kind of double plot novel. The plots of the first and second chapter with different setting and personage meet in the third chapter and start coalescing. But these different plots represent two different worlds where also the workings of time is different and the human activity has different dynamics. The paper discusses in some detail the possibility of the analysis of time in fiction, since the scholarly discourse on the topic seems to deny the possibility that time can work in different ways in fictional worlds and describes the specialities of fictional time as anomalies of narration. The encounter of the worlds in Mikszáth's novel is represented as a fight with no real winner, which can be regarded as a sort of dialogue.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
L. Varga
,
L. Liszkay
,
Zs. Kajcsos
,
K. Lázár
,
H. Beyer
,
G. Onestyák
,
E. Kótai
, and
L. Lohonyai

Abstract  

In many sorts of zeolites long-living positron components are manifested, connected presumably with Ps-formation in various kinds of free space in the zeolite structure. Literature values demonstrate, however, a broad scasttr of data obtained for assumedly on the same composition of zeolite indicating the possible influence of tehnology, adsorbates, impurities, water content, etc. In the present work spectral changes of the 511 keV annihilation peak and its vicinity are evaluated, applying for the first time a combination of theS and W parameters and the 3-specific left plateau region measured in zeolites. To ensure reproducible experimental conditions, evaluated samples were measured. The data show individual temperature behaviours of the annihilation parameters in the studied temperature range of 90–450 K for each kind of samples. The temperature dependence becomes reproducible after the first heating run. The results are discussed with respect to the evolution of long-living positron and positronium components.

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