Authors:M. Hashimoto, H. Wada, T. Omori, and K. Yoshihara
Tc(III)-EDTA complex has been synthesized by the ligand substitution reaction of hexakis-(thiourea) technetium(III) ion with EDTA. The complex exhibits absorption maxima at 368 and 470 nm. The formation reaction proceeds predominantly as follows:
A rapid method has been developed for the determination of cadmium in environmental samples by thermal neutron activation analysis involving substoichiometric extraction with 1,2,3-benzotriazole /1,2,3-BT/. Cd was radiochemically separated as CdS using 1-amidino-2-thiourea. The time required for radiochemical purification containing two samples and a standard was about 2 h. 4.63 g of Cd can be determined with an accuracy of 6.69% and precision of 6.25%. Mash potatoes, animal bones, raw sludge and cattle manure have been analyzed by this method.
Authors:M. Cheema, I. Qureshi, M. Ashraf, and Imtiaz Hanif
Extraction behaviour of the chelates of group VB–VIIB and VIII elements using 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (PAN) has been studied
as a function of pH. Studies have been made to back-extract the metal ions from the organic phase into the aqueous solution
containing the optimum concentration of KCN and HClO4 and buffers of appropriate pH. The masking agents such as citrate, cyanide, thiosulphate, fluoride and thiourea were used
to achieve more specific separations. The studies indicate the potentiality of PAN as a useful solvent extracting reagent
in devising group chemical separation procedures for activation analysis.
The thermal behavior of thiourea (Tu), N-methylthiourea (MeTu), N, N′-dimethylthiourea (Me2Tu) and N, N, N′, N′-tetramethylthiourea (Me4Tu) was investigated by means of conventional thermal analysis in O2 and N2 and IR spectroscopy of the residues on heating in air at various temperatures.
Authors:F. Cataldo, O. Ursini, P. Ragni, and A. Rosati
Poly(dimethylbutadiene) (PDMB) was synthesized through the inclusion polymerization technique, by γ-irradiation of a clathrate
of 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene in deoxycholic acid (DOCA) at 75, 150, 320 and 430 kGy. The resulting inclusion complexes PDMB@DOCA
were studied by FTIR spectroscopy and by thermal analysis (DTA, TGA and DTG). Pure PDMB was isolated by extracting the complex
PDMB@DOCA with ethanol. The best sample in terms of purity was that prepared at 75 kGy, while the other samples prepared at
higher doses suffered of DOCA grafting on PDMB chains. Pure PDMB isolated from PDMB@DOCA complex was studied by FT-IR spectroscopy
and by thermal analysis in comparison to a reference highly crystalline and ≈=100% trans-1,4-PDMB prepared by inclusion polymerization
in thiourea and in comparison to PDMB prepared by emulsion polymerization. A lower degree of regularity and crystallinity
has been found on the PDMB sample prepared as inclusion compound in DOCA in comparison to the reference PDMB obtained by inclusion
polymerization in thiourea.
Authors:M. Mariappan, G. Madhurambal, B. Ravindran, and S. C. Mojumdar
]. Recent metal complexes of thiourea and thiourea analogs have been investigated [ 18 ]. Metal complex of thiourea, commonly called semi organics, include the advantage of both organic and inorganic part of the complex. Thermal, XRD and spectral analyses
Extraction of mercury with 3-methyl-1-phenyl-4-trifluoroacetyl-pyrazolin-5-one /FAP/ in chloroform has been described. Maximum extraction /97.3%/ and a distribution coefficient /D/ of 36.5 have been achieved at pH 8. Among the anions tested, thiourea, thiosulphate and cyanide mask the extraction of mercury. Solution of O. 2M KCN was found most suitable stripping agent for mercury. Decontamination data show that mercury can be separated from toxic elements arsenic, cadmium, antimony and thallium; and from other metal ions i. e. Ga/III/, In/III/, Ge/IV/, Sn/II/, Fe/II/, Ir/IV/ and Pt/IV/. A few separations of analytical and radiochemical importance have been discussed.
A simple solvent extraction procedure is reported for the sequential separation of mercury(II), cadmium(II) and zinc(II). Mercury is separated first using 1,3-diphenyl-2-thiourea in chloroform at an overall acidity of 0.3M HCl. Then cadmium separated using the same reagent at pH 10 into dichloromethane. The zinc which is remaining in the aqueous phase is then quantitatively extracted into toluene-cyclohexanol mixture using 2-mercaptobenzoxazole. Suitable stripping solutions have been proposed for the re-extraction of these metal ions for their subsequent estimations. The method has been made highly selective by the use of appropriate masking agents and has been applied in conjunction with estimation procedures for the determination of these metal ions in city waste incineration ash (CRM 176), mercuric chloride (A. R. grade) and in magnesium alloy samples.
A simple, rapid and selective separation procedure of gold based on its extraction with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-trifluoroacetylpyrazolone-5
has been developed. The dependence of the distribution ratio of gold on the pH of aqueous solutions, concentration of hydrochloric,
nitric and perchloric acids and the organic solvents has been investigated. Decontamination factors for a number of metal
ions with respect to gold are reported. Excellent separation of gold is obtained from many elements including noble metals.
Citrate, cyanide, iodide, thiosulfate and thiourea completely mask gold, whereas oxalate does not interfere. Solutions of
1 M HCl, 0.2 M KCN, and the buffer of pH 0.8 readily strip gold from the organic phase. Some useful analytical applications
of this procedure are discussed.
The [InCl3(L)n] (where L is 2,2′-bipyridine (bipy), 2,2′-bipyridine N,N′-dioxide (bipyNO), N,N-dimethylacetamide (dma), urea (u), thiourea (tu) or 1,1,3,3-tetramethylthiourea (tmtu); n = 1.5, 3 or 4) were synthesized and characterized by melting points, elemental analysis, thermal analysis and IR spectroscopy.
The enthalpies of dissolution of the adducts, Indium(III) chloride and ligands in 1.2 M aqueous HCl were measured and by using
thermochemical cycles, the following thermochemical parameters for the adducts have been determined: the standard enthalpies
for the Lewis acid/base reactions (ΔrHθ), the standard enthalpies of formation (ΔfHθ), the lattice standard enthalpies (ΔMHθ), and the standard enthalpies of decomposition (ΔDHθ).