Authors:Kun-Yang Chuang, Ya-Li Huang, and Yuh-Shan Ho
As the population ages in Taiwan, stroke research has received greater attention in recent years. Strokes have significant
impacts on the health and well-being of the elderly. To formulate future research policy, information on stroke publications
should be collected. In this research, we studied stroke-related research articles published by Taiwan researchers which were
indexed in the Science Citation Index from 1991 to 2005. We found that the quantity of publications has increased at a quicker
pace than the worldwide trend. Over the years, there has been an increase in international collaboration, mainly with researchers
in the U.S. Article visibility, measured as the frequency of being cited, also increased during the period. It appears that
stroke research in Taiwan has become more globally connected and has also improved in quality. The publication output was
concentrated in a few institutes, but there was a wide variation among these institutes in the ability to independently conduct
research. A wide array of keywords indicated a probable lack of continuity in research. Nevertheless, there was an inverse
relationship between stroke mortality and number of published articles in Taiwan. To improve the quality and efficiency of
stroke research, continuity in research focuses needs to be maintained, and thus funding should be allocated on a long-term
basis to institutes with a proven record of success.
Derek John de Solla Price died on September 3, 1983. The loss of this exciting and dynamic man is one which is felt not just by his friends, but by the scientific community as a whole. This article was originally planned as part of an essay forCurrent Contents® (CC®).1 But I was delighted by the opportunity to contribute it to this special tribute issue ofScientometrics.
Authors:Chuanfu Chen, Kai Sun, Gang Wu, Qiong Tang, Jian Qin, Kuei Chiu, Yushuang Fu, Xiaofang Wang, and Jing Liu
The quality and credibility of Internet resources has been a concern in scholarly communication. This paper reports a quantitative
analysis of the use of Internet resources in journal articles and addresses the concerns for the use of Internet resources
scholarly journals articles. We collected the references listed in 35,698 articles from 14 journals published during 1996
to 2005, which resulted in 1,000,724 citations. The citation data was divided into two groups: traditional citations and Web
citations, and examined based on frequencies of occurrences by domain and type of Web citation sources. The findings included:
(1) The number of Web citations in the journals investigated had been increasing steadily, though the quantity was too small
to draw an inclusive conclusion on the data about their impact on scientific research; (2) A great disparity existed among
different disciplines in terms of using information on the Web. Applied disciplines and interdisciplinary sciences tended
to cite more information on the Web, while classical and experimental disciplines cited little of Web information; (3) The
frequency of citations was related to the reputation of the author or the institution issuing the information, and not to
the domain or webpage types; and (4) The researchers seemed to lack confidence in Internet resources, and Web information
was not as frequently cited as reported in some publications before. The paper also discusses the need for developing a guideline
system to evaluate Web resources regarding their authority and quality that lies in the core of credibility of Web information.
In this paper I discuss the relation between widely used “Scientometric” measures and “reputation” of research groups within
the scientific community. To this goal, I present the result of the detailed comparison of two research groups of theoretical
astrophysics in post-world-war-2nd Japan. Though one of the two groups gained much higher reputation within the research community,
we could not find much difference in the macroscopic indices such as the number of publications or the average citation index.
The two groups showed similar scores for these macroscopic indices. This result suggests that widely used quantitative measures
of the productivity do not give meaningful measure for the actual contribution of a research group to science.
The relation between philosophy of science and epistemology is studied using the author co-citation technique. Co-citation
links among 62 authors — a representative list of various styles and approaches to rationality — were established using the
Arts and Humanities Citation Index. Multidimensional scaling results in a two-dimensional map of authors, where the axes represent
the subject (philosophy of science to epistemology) and the method (qualitative to quantitative), respectively. The authors
on the map can be clustered into more or less coherent groups at different levels of resolution.
This paper explores the interrelationships between science and technology in the emergingarea of nano-science and technology. We track patent citation relations at the sectoraldisciplinary,the organizational, and the combined industrial/organizational levels. Then weinvestigate the geographic location and organizational affiliation of inventor/authors. Our mainfinding is that there are only a small number of citations connecting nano-patents with nanosciencepapers, while nano-science and technology appear to be relatively well connected incomparison with other fields. Further explorations suggest that nano-science and technology arestill mostly separated spheres, even though there are overlaps, as an analysis of title words shows.Another observation is that university-assigned patents seem to cite papers more frequently thanother patents.
The paper discusses the often lamented lack of a theory of citations, and the lack of a sociological theory in particular.
It draws attention to one proposed theory and discusses the potential reasons why it has not been generally accepted as the
theory of citations, despite its merits in explaining many phenomena in the citation behaviour of scientists. This theory
has been expounded by Latour and presented, in particular, in his book entitledScience in Action.
We describe the steps involved in constructing authors" citation identities (whom they cite) and citation images (who cites them). Familiarity with the intellectual, social, and institutional connections of these authors over time helps inform the analysis and augment the specificity of citation counts. Our study shows that authors" writing and referencing styles constitute a form of watermark for their scholarly output.