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Abstract

In the context of the urban landscape of entertainment in Central and Eastern Europe, staged otherness in early 20th-century Romania remains a relatively uncharted field. The following paper aims to address this issue by discussing the representation of Gogea Mitu, a circus performer turned boxer, who became famous due to his staggering height in the press. I propose a dislocation of perspective by analyzing the ‘deviant’ body not in the context of sideshow entertainment, but as it was constructed in mediated sports. By relying on structuralist and poststructuralist theories I address the negotiation of meaning associated with corporeality. The application of Foucauldian discourse analysis as a basis for the interpretation of selected newspaper articles allows for the examination of wider social power relations but also the subject position. As the reading reveals, the ‘deviant’ body of Gogea Mitu proves to be an ample surface for the refraction of normativity.

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According to the number of people lost in earthquakes during 20th century as well as in a single (March 4, 1977) earthquake during this century (1574 people, including 1424 in Bucharest), Romania can be ranked the 3rd country in Europe, after Italy and Turkey. Romania is followed by the former Yugoslavia and by the Greece (Bolt 1995, Coburn and Spence 1992). The World Bank loss estimation after the 1977 earthquake (Report No. P-2240-RO, 1978) indicates that from the total loss (2.05 Billion US) more than 2/3 was in Bucharest, where 32 tall buildings collapsed. Half of the total loss was accumulated from buildings damage. The 1977 direct loss and indirect consequences of loss mark probably the starting point of economical decay of Romania during the next decade. They also explain the present concern of civil engineers and Romanian Government for assessment and reduction of seismic risk in Romania. The World Map of Natural Hazards prepared by the Münich Re (1998) indicates for Bucharest: "Large city with Mexico-city effect". The map focuses the dangerous phenomenon of long (1.6 s) predominant period of soil vibration in Bucharest during strong Carpathians Vrancea earthquakes. The Bucharest and Lisbon are the only two European cities falling into Mexico-city category. International experts and organizations agreed that Bucharest is the capital city in Europe characterised by the highest seismic risk. The paper presents:  1. Codes and standards for design of earthquake resistance of structures (1940-2000) and the draft of the new seismic Romanian code P100; 2. The structure of existing building stock in Bucharest;  3. The most vulnerable to earthquake categories of buildings, located on the soft soil condition of Bucharest: -tall reinforced concrete buildings in central Bucharest built prior to 1940 and severely damaged by the past 1977 event;tall reinforced concrete buildings with soft ground-floor built in Bucharest prior to 1977. Hospitals buildings, university buildings and other buildings, classified as having a high risk of severe damage/collapse in case of a strong earthquake; Enlargement of the existing seismic networks of Romania  by two recent projects of INCERC and State Inspectorate for Construction and of NCERR and Japan International Cooperation Agency. In the last 6 months in Romania, the two projects provided about 50 (18 in Bucharest) digital Kinemetrics instruments (K2 and ETNA): in free field condition, in deep boreholes as well as in tall buildings.

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Based on written and oral evidence, the present study focuses on Romanian Herodias’ various hypostases: biblical queen, queen of the fairies, sovereign of the căluşari . The canonic, apocryphal and magical writings referring to Herodias are considered as some of the most significant testimonies about this character. Such texts present the image of Herodias as biblical queen who provoked the decapitation of John the Baptist, as it was promoted in 17 th –18 th -century Romanian literature; they also represent an important document for deciding whether a certain apocryphal tradition influenced Romanian folk beliefs related to the malevolent fairies. The study of the oral evidence investigates how Romanian folk beliefs assimilated the story of St John’s decapitation and transformed it into traditional legends and inquires whether these new compositions had an effect on Herodias’ traditional roles, those of queen of the fairies and patroness of the căluşari . Finally, the research attempts to describe how Herodias’ beneficial functions are put into the shade by a powerful Christian opponent.

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Abstract  

At the Whole Body Monitoring Laboratory, from IFIN-HH, Bucharest, Romania, there were performed in vivo gamma-ray spectrometry measurements on 108 Romanian males in order to evaluate the mineral natural potassium content in human body, as total value and concentration. The measurements were performed with a shadow shield whole body counter, tilted chair geometry, based on a shielded NaI(Tl) scintillation detector of 12.5 cm (diameter) × 10 cm (height) crystal size. The results revealed a calculated value of the mean total body potassium (TBK) of 135.03 ± 2.94 g and a value of 1.9 ± 0.022 g of potassium/kg of body weight for the mean body potassium concentration, for the measured males. These values are similar with the values declared for the Reference Man, in ICRP23. Correlations between total body potassium, potassium concentration and age, weight and Body Build Index were investigated and peculiar conclusions were resulted.

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Abstract  

Activity concentrations of Pu radioisotopes and 241Am were determined in the organic and mineral layers of four soil sections collected in 1996, providing for the first time information on the levels of these radionuclides in soil samples from Romania. The investigated site was an alpine pasture located in the Charpathian Mountains, in an area found as one of the most affected in Romania after the Chernobyl accident. In the examined soil sections radioactive inventories were estimated to be 500 Bq/m2 for 241Pu, 115 Bq/m2 for 239+240Pu, 8 Bq/m2 for 238Pu and 50 Bq/m2 for 241Am. On the basis of activity ratios in the soil profile, the source of the radioactive release is discussed.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: D. Cadar, A. Cságola, Á. Dán, Z. Deim, Marina Spînu, V. Miclăuş, L. Köbölkuti, G. Czirják, and T. Tuboly

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) has been demonstrated to be the causal agent for postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) and porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS). This report describes the first detection of PCV2 and associated diseases in a Romanian swine herd located in Transylvania. The clinical signs, pathological and histopathological changes observed in affected pigs were similar to those previously described for PDNS and PMWS. Polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridisation were used for the detection of PCV2 nucleic acids from tissues and serum samples. Complete PCV2 genomes of both PMWS and PDNS cases were sequenced and analysed, and by comparing them with each other no genomic differences could be detected. The sequence analysis showed that the Romanian PCV2 was closely related to PCV2 identified in France and in Hungary.

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We present a short review of the most recent results coming from the numerical modeling of seismic hazard and interpretation of the new observations provided by the recently installed seismic stations in Romania. There are still controversial questions related to the asymmetric distribution of the ground motion radiated by the Vrancea intermediate-depth earthquakes and which is the main factor responsible for this particular distribution: seismic source, structural model, site effects or vulnerability. Our main goal is to provide a solution to this key problem, with direct implications upon the seismic hazard assessment. NE-SW elongation of the isoseismals and the maximum values in the Romanian Plain are well explained by the source radiation pattern and the average structural model. The attenuation toward NW is shown to be a frequency-dependent effect, much more important in the high frequency range (≯1 Hz). We conclude that the present seismic hazard of Romania, computed by the deterministic approach, fits well, as a first approximation, the ground motion distribution for the low-frequency band, and the apparent contradiction with the historically-based intensity maps arises mainly from a systematic difference in the vulnerability of the buildings in the intra- and extra-Carpathians regions.

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The shake map methodology for seismic hazard studies has been applied to a sector of Bucharest, the capital of Romania.  Geological and geotechnical profiles are known for this region. We have chosen as seismic input the event of  30 August 1986, M W = 7.1.  We discuss the propagation of a synthetic signal with known source characteristics, from source to bedrock and back to surface. It is possible to produce surface synthetic signals in the studied area, having very similar characteristics (accelerations) to the observed ones.

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Abstract  

A two year field survey of 226Ra translocation from soil to selected spontaneous plants growing in the Crucea (Romania) uranium mining area is presented. Since Crucea is a large and relatively highly contaminated area, an easy and cheap way for a desired lowering of radiopollution represents phytoremediation using plentifully occurring plant species. The 226Ra translocation from soil was affected by analyzed species, collecting sites and vegetation periods. The specific 226Ra activities of the roots were considerably higher than the aboveground parts confirming the root tropism of radioisotopes. Mentha piperita was found to be highly effective in phytoremediation, especially in autumn.

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Abstract  

The aim of this work is to study the exposure due to the radon of the patients from the dry carbon dioxide baths (mofettas) from Harghita Băi, Romania. These mofettas consist of emanated gas with high carbon dioxide content, and proved curative effects. The vertical and horizontal distribution of the radon activity concentration was monitored indoor, the seasonal variation, as well as the soil radon and thoron activity concentration outdoor, in the vicinity of the bath to determine the origin of the radon and the location of the fault through which it propagates. The equilibrium factor of the baths and the effective dose received by the patients was also calculated.

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