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Bibliometric analysis of publications of Spanish pharmacologists in the SCI (1984–89)

I. Contribution to the “Pharmacology & Pharmacy” subfield (ISI)

Scientometrics
Authors:
M. Bordons
,
F. García-Jover
, and
S. Barrigon

Abstract  

The present study is a bibliometric analysis, of publications of Spanish pharmacologists, referenced in the journals of the Pharmacology & Pharmacy subfield of the Science Citation Index- CD Edition from 1984 to 1989. During this time the scientific output of Spanish pharmacologists has been growing at an impressive rate being almost doubled. This rate being notably greater than that corresponding to publications of Spain in all science fields. This increase in scientific output was accompanied by a time-dependent decrease on year by year step basis in the expected impact factor (EIF) of publications (Articles plus Notes), from 1.71 in 1984 to 1.28 in 1989, in close correlation with an increase of mean number of authors per paper, from 3.67 to 4.16 authors/paper, respectively. Moreover, the larger the number of authors/paper, the smaller the EIF. Only 8 journals cumulated more than 50% of the papers. The scientific production was geographically localized at a high extent (Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia accounted for the 63.7% of all the papers) in governmental institutions (University, 75.2%, Hospitals, 14.1%; CSIC, 10.5%) with one large geographical area lacking any productivity.

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Scientometrics
Authors:
María Pinto
,
David Guerrero
,
Andrés Fernández-Ramos
, and
Anne-Vinciane Doucet

Abstract  

We analyze and evaluate the information provided by Spanish public universities on the web about their assessment and quality processes with the aim of detecting aspects for improvement and identifying best practices in universities that could act as a benchmark for the rest of the sector. A tested model/template incorporating a set of criteria and indicators is used to determine the quality of this information. The strengths and weaknesses of institutional websites are analyzed at both individual level and as a whole; the possible relation between website quality and the characteristics of the universities is also examined.

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Summary  

Empirical evidence is given on how membership in a consolidated, well-established research team provides researchers with some competitive advantage as compared to their colleagues in non-consolidated teams. Data were obtained from a survey of researchers ascribed to the 'Biology and Biomedicine' area of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research, as well as from their curricula vitae. One quarter of the scientists work as members of teams in the process of consolidation. Our findings illustrate the importance, for the development and consolidation of research teams, of the availability of a minimum number of researchers with a permanent position and of a minimum number of support staff and non-staff personnel (mainly post-doctoral fellows). Consolidation of research teams has a clear influence on the more academic-oriented quantitative indicators of the scientific activity of individuals. Researchers belonging to consolidated teams perform quantitatively better than their colleagues in terms of the number of articles published in journals covered in the Journal Citation Reports, but not in terms of the impact of these publications. Consolidation favours publication, but not patenting, and it also has a positive effect on the academic prestige of scientists and on their capacity to train new researchers. It does not significantly foster participation in funded R&D projects, nor does it influence the establishment of international collaborations. Impact is influenced to a remarkable degree by seniority and professional background, and is significantly greater for young scientists who have spent time abroad at prestigious research laboratories.

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Abstract  

We analyse to what extent research collaboration and performance of individual scientists is influenced by the level of consolidation of the team they belong to. A case study of Spanish senior university researchers in Geology is performed. Methodology is based on the combination of a mail survey carried out among a defined set of researchers, and a bibliometric study of their scientific output. Results provide support for the hypothesis that consolidation of research teams would result in a greater facility to establish contacts and collaborations with colleagues, that could benefit all members of the team, fostering their participation in funded projects and favouring their potential to publish in international mainstream journals.

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This paper presents the results of a study on the frequencies of occurrence of Spanish verbal periphrases in Spanish original texts and Spanish translations from English. Tirkkonen-Condit (2004) found that certain typical elements of Finnish were not as frequent in texts translated from English into Finnish as in original Finnish texts, and suggested this could be a translation universal, the Unique Items Hypothesis. Our aim was to find out whether this under-representation of unique items in translation is also observed in translations from English into Spanish. A set of 27 verbal periphrases (e.g. soler + infinitive) was selected for this purpose and a comparable corpus of contemporary literary texts — composed of Spanish original texts and texts translated from English into Spanish — was built in order to compare the frequency of occurrence of the Spanish verbal periphrases in both subcorpora. The results of this study lend support to the conclusions of previous research conducted on the subject. Our analysis showed that more than half of these 27 periphrastic constructions show a lower frequency in translated texts than in non-translated texts and that in some cases their syntactic or collocational behavior in translated text differs from their use in non-translations.

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Abstract  

An evaluation of the Spanish CSIC performance in Biotechnology, as compared with those of the French CNRS and the Italian CNR, has been carried out to determine the balance between the generation of scientific knowledge and the transfer of technology. This study shows a high scientific productivity mostly in journals with moderate impact factor, a low generation of patents and an insufficient transfer of knowledge to the Spanish companies. Other indicators confirm the existence of competitive human resources in biotechnological research producing scientific knowledge of interest for the development of patents and that cooperates successfully at European level.

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Scientometrics
Authors:
M. Lascurain-Sánchez
,
Carlos García-Zorita
,
Carmen Martín-Moreno
,
Carlos Suárez-Balseiro
, and
Elías Sanz-Casado

Abstract  

The present study aimed to determine the possible impact of medical research on the Spanish health system. To this end, an analysis was conducted of Spanish researchers’ scientific production, measured in terms of the publications cited in MEDLINE, along with a series of economic, demographic and socio-sanitary data such as the R&D resources allocated to medical science, the actual population during the period studied mortality, morbidity and drug spending. The results showed increases in all the variables studied, identified the areas most intensely researched and defined the relationship between this information and the chief causes of mortality, morbidity and drug spending.

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Society and Economy
Authors:
Kamila Nováková
,
Raúl Compés López
, and
José María García Álvarez-Coque

References Alarcon , S. – Polonio , L. G. ( 2014 ): Patents, Research & Development and Technological Cooperation in the Spanish Agri-Food Industry . New Medit 3 : 23

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Abstract  

The effect of sediment size, pH, temperature and conductivity on the transfer of uranium from sediment to water has been studied. The uranium concentration and the234U/238U,235U/238U activity ratios were measured in water, sediments and suspended matter sampled from Jucar River, using low level alpha-spectrometry. Distribution factors were obtained from these measurements. A more detailed sampling was done in the neighbourhood of the Cofrentes Nuclear Plant (Valencia, Spain). Total uranium activity,234U/238U activity ratio and distribution factors for234U and238U were found to vary with pH. Leaching and dilution, which depend on pH and salinity, are the probable mechanisms for these changes.

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Abstract  

This article reviews the scientific production of the Spanish universities in the areas of Social Sciences and Language Sciences during the period 1986–1988. A series of quantitative criteria are being applied to the submission of data on total scientific production, productivity rate, publications/authors ratio, coauthorship, type of documents edited and their distribution, all of them broken down per university. Last but not least, a review is made of the distribution by subjects of each publication. The results obtained underline the increasing rate of production achieved in the three-year period, a certain stagnation in the number of authors and in team research activities, a far too endogamic diffusion in periodical publications and a somewhat unbalanced thematic diversification as compared to the geographical and cultural variety of our country. The article concludes by suggesting new lines of study for determining the factors that may explain the existing patterns of scientific production, and for identifying useful bibliometric measures aiming at an assessment of this type of literature.

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