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government to ‘export’ its apprenticeship system to different areas of the world. She presents some obstacles of the transfer, as incompatibility with existing education system, or lack of linkage with labour market needs. She recalls several studies

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Az automatizáció és a digitalizáció az autóiparban

Automation and Digitalisation in the Automotive Industry

Educatio
Author:
Miklós Illéssy

Change, Working Paper No. 2022-2. Oxford, Oxford Martin School, Oxford University. 6 Illéssy, M., Huszár, Á. & Makó, Cs. (2021) Technological Development and the Labour Market: How Susceptible Are Jobs to Automation in

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This article presents the findings of a qualitative research project which aimed to map out the political evaluations and the social effects of the changing concept of family and the changing forms of family life. By interviewing political and economic decision-makers we intended to highlight the goals and the motives of the differenct family policy approaches, the characteristic features of the family concepts reflected by the policy-makers' decisions, as well as the relationship between state family policies and labor market policies on the one hand, and equal treatment expectations concerning both genders, on the other. On the basis of interviews conducted with ordinary people we examined how much people's lives are practically infuenced by the family policy measures introduced by the political and the economic decision makers. According to our findings the two different categories of respondents saw specific family policy issues in different ways - however, their interpretations of family policy as a whole were rather convergent. The importance of providing equality of opportunity for men and women, increasing the female employment rate, acknowledging the plurality of family lifestyles, reconciling work and family life - being European expectations as well as conditions of a worthy life - seemed to be overshadowed by the demographic issues of fertility and procreation.

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The purpose of this analysis is to shed light on distribution of poverty within the social structure. Using comparable national survey data from Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and Hungary we determine to what extent social determinants of poverty observed in the capitalist West are also at work in the specific context of East European societies. Second area of inquiry, here, concerns the formation of the uinderclass. In searching for a post-communist underclass this analysis attemps to figure out the social location of the poor relative to positions occupied by intelligentsia, other non-manual categories, working class, peasants, and owners. The districtive characteistics of the Western underclass are labor market detachment, social isolatio, and material seprivation. Using discrimination analysis we examine the placement of the poor within the social structure relative to ovvupationally based class categories. This analysis shows that in multidimensional space as defined in terms of social origin, educational achievements, housing conditions, material possessions, and ethnicity there is no significant differences between the poor and ocupationally-based class categories in Bulgaria, Hungary, and Poland. contrariwise, significant distinctions of this kind appear in Romania, Slovakia and Russia. In interpretation of these findings we seek to answer the question whether after decade of political and economic transformations, unique features of poverty in Eastern Europe tend to intermingle with universal patterns.

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Review of Sociology
Authors:
György Lengyel
,
László Lőrincz
,
Viktória Siklós
, and
Dániel Füleki

The study investigates the digital divide concerning computer literacy in Hungary. It examines the differences of computer literacy of people with different social-demographic characteristics (gender, settlement type, education, labor market presence and income). It also investigates the intentions to learn computer skills. In this respect, smaller differences have been found then in the case of actual knowledge, which predicts the narrowing down of digital divide in the future. An attempt has been made to identify the institutional, technical and primordial conditions in everyday life that may influence both computer literacy and inclination to master the computer, and hence may function as “bridges” over the digital divide. Four of these factors have been studied: access to computers at the workplace, public internet access at the settlement, communication via cellular phone and effect of the family members' ITC knowledge. Statistical analysis and in-depth interviews were used as methods of examination. Based on logistic regression models it was found that the bridging factors exert weak or insignificant influence on the willingness to learn computer skills - if they are controlled - so these factors alone are insufficient to bridge the digital divide.

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educational system or on the labor market, they often choose to give up her Roma/Gypsy identity. That means, they do not consider themselves to be a member of the Roma/Gypsy community, and inversely. This theory is formulated in one type of “underclass theory

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efforts in line with labour market needs. The book demonstrates that it seeks to address the new challenges facing education systems in the 21st century, using a theoretical, research and practical approach to education. One of the focuses of the work is

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Az OECD oktatáspolitikai tevékenységének fejlődése

Development of OECD Education Policy Activities

Educatio
Author:
Judit Kádárné Fülöp

: INES Network on Labour Market, Economic and Social Outcomes of Learning. https://www.oecd.org/education/LSO%20brochure%20February%202017.pdf [Letöltve: 2021. 11. 26

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Intézményi bizalom és elvándorlási hajlandóság

Institutional Trust and Migration Intentions

Educatio
Author:
József Golovics

Recorded Human History . Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. 19 Palmer, J. & Pytlikova, M. (2015) Labor Market Laws and Intra-European Migration: The Role of the State in Shaping

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A svéd tanügyigazgatás változásai: egy radikális modellváltás

Shifts in Swedish Education Administration: A Radical Change of Models

Educatio
Author:
András Semjén

) Education, Equality and Efficiency – An analysis of Swedish School Reforms During the 1990s . Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation Report 2004/1. 5 Blanchenay, P., Burns

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