Authors:M. Badea, R. Olar, E. Cristurean, D. Marinescu, M. Brezeanu, M. Balasoiu, and E. Segal
This paper reports an investigation of the thermal stabilities of the class of coordination compounds containing lanthanide ions Ln(III) (Ln=La, Sm, Eu, Dy, Er), Co(II) ions and oxalate anions C2O
. The thermal decomposition steps were identified, and in some cases the values of the non-isothermal kinetic parameters were determined.
Authors:J. Zhang, L. Ge, X. Zhang, Y. Dai, H. Chen, and L. Mo
The thermal decomposition of Zn[NFA]2
5H2O (NFA=C16H18FN3O3, norfloxacin) and its kinetics were studied under non-isothermal conditions in air by TG-DTG and DTA methods. The intermediate and residue for each decomposition were identified from the TG curve. The non-isothermal kinetic data were analyzed by means of the Achar method and the Madhusudanan-Krishnan-Ninan (MKN) method. The possible reaction mechanisms were investigated by comparing the kinetic parameters. The kinetic equation for the second stage can be expressed as d/dt=Aexp(–E/RT)(1–).
Results obtained on the thermooxidative degradations of LDPE (low-density polyethylene) and NBR (nitrile-butadiene rubber)
are presented. The activation energies for the thermooxidations leading to solid products were estimated. For LDPE, the activation
energies obtained from non-isothermal data are in satisfactory agreement with those obtained from isothermal data. For NBR,
the isothermal activation energy is ≉16% higher than the non-isothermal one. This difference is due to the morphological changes
undergone by NBR during its heating at the rather high temperatures at which isothermal measurements were performed.
Authors:Y. Fan, Z. Gao, C. Bi, S. Xie, and X. Zhang
A new unsymmetrical solid Schiff base (LLi) was synthesized using L-lysine, o-vanillin and 2-hydroxy-l-naphthaldehyde. Solid lanthanum(III) complex of this ligand [LaL(NO3)]NO3·2H2O have been prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV and molar conductance. The thermal decomposition kinetics
of the complex for the second stage was studied under non-isothermal condition by TG and DTG methods. The kinetic equation
may be expressed as: dα/dt=Ae−E/RT(1−α)2. The kinetic parameters (E, A), activation entropy ΔS# and activation free-energy ΔG# were also gained.
Authors:W. Yan, C. Ma, J. Wu, W. Zhang, and D. Jang
Crystal of the complex Ni2L (ClO4)2 was obtained by reaction of Ni(ClO4)2 and macrocyclic ligand H2L, where L2– is the dinucleating macrocycle with two 2,6-di(aminomethyl)-4-methyl phenolate entities combined by the same two lateral chains, –(CH2)2–NH–(CH2)2–, at the amino nitrogens. The thermal decomposition processes of the title complex were studied in a dynamic atmosphere of dry argon using TG-DTG. The kinetic analysis of the first and second thermal decomposition steps were performed via the TG-DTG curves, and the kinetic parameters were obtained from analysis of the TG-DTG curves with integral and differential methods. The most probable kinetic function was suggested by comparison of the kinetic parameters.
Three rational fraction approximations for the temperature integral have been proposed using the pattern search method. The
validity of the new approximations has been tested by some numerical analyses. Compared with several published approximating
formulas, the new approximations is more accurate than all approximations except the approximations proposed by Senum and
Yang in the range of 5≤E/RT≤100. For low values of E/RT, the new approximations are superior to Senum-Yang approximations as solutions of the temperature integral.
Authors:T. Vlase, N. Doca, Gabriela Vlase, C. Bolcu, and F. Borcan
In the present work a comparative kinetic study was performed on the thermal behavior of three antioxidants of IRGANOX-type
(L101, L109 and L115) in dynamic air atmosphere under non-isothermal conditions.
The TG-DTG data were obtained at heating rates of 5, 7, 10 and 15 K min−1. The kinetic parameters were obtained by processing these data with strategies corresponding to Flynn-Wall-Ozava (FWO), Friedman
(FR), Budrugeac-Segal (BS) and non-parametric kinetic (NPK) methods.
The thermal degradation by all the three compounds take place in melted state, so that any kinetic models regarding the decomposition
of solids are inapplicable. Only with the NPK method it was possible a separation between the two functions of the reaction
For the temperature dependence, f(T), an Arrhenius-type model was searched; for the conversion dependence, the Ŝestak-Berggren equation was suggested in order
to discriminate between physical (m) and chemical (n or p) steps of a complex thermodegradation process.
Authors:J. Zsakó, I. Ganescu, Cs. Várhelyi, and L. Chirigiu
Thermal decomposition of 6 complexes of the type AH[Cr(NCS)4 (am)2]· nH2O is studied with derivatograph. The formation of Cr(NCS)3 as a labile intermediate is presumed. For some decomposition stages kinetic parameters are derived. The kinetic compensation effect is discussed.