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relationships among multiple disparate sources of information. The purpose of this study therefore, was to address the relationships among multiple disparate sources of information as a way to explain systematically the emergence of new technologies from

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developed technology and the cited science (Callaert et al. 2006 ; Meyer 2000a ; Tijssen et al. 2000 ; Van Looy et al. 2007 ). The presence of scientific references in the front page section of a patented invention indeed signals the relevancy of these

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A short survey is given of some aspects of the application of thermoanalytical methods, especially differential thermal analysis (DTA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG), in solid-dosage technology. The usefulness of these methods in the prediction of drug-excipient compatibility, studies of solid-dispersion systems, the analysis of enantiomers and racemates, measurement of the time of tablet disintegration, the analysis of drug formulations and studies of the processes of grinding and drying of drugs is discussed.

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Thomas B. Swanton
,
Alex Blaszczynski
,
Cynthia Forlini
,
Vladan Starcevic
, and
Sally M. Gainsbury

Introduction Since the 1990s, rapid technological advancements have enabled consumers to communicate via the Internet in novel ways, with increased speed and accessibility, and across multiple platforms. These technologies have created benefits for

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The management of an urban context in a Smart City perspective requires the development of innovative projects, with new applications in multidisciplinary research areas. They can be related to many aspects of city life and urban management: fuel consumption monitoring, energy efficiency issues, environment, social organization, traffic, urban transformations, etc.

Geomatics, the modern discipline of gathering, storing, processing, and delivering digital spatially referenced information, can play a fundamental role in many of these areas, providing new efficient and productive methods for a precise mapping of different phenomena by traditional cartographic representation or by new methods of data visualization and manipulation (e.g. three-dimensional modelling, data fusion, etc.). The technologies involved are based on airborne or satellite remote sensing (in visible, near infrared, thermal bands), laser scanning, digital photogrammetry, satellite positioning and, first of all, appropriate sensor integration (online or offline).

The aim of this work is to present and analyse some new opportunities offered by Geomatics technologies for a Smart City management, with a specific interest towards the energy sector related to buildings. Reducing consumption and CO2 emissions is a primary objective to be pursued for a sustainable development and, in this direction, an accurate knowledge of energy consumptions and waste for heating of single houses, blocks or districts is needed.

A synoptic information regarding a city or a portion of a city can be acquired through sensors on board of airplanes or satellite platforms, operating in the thermal band. A problem to be investigated at the scale

A problem to be investigated at the scale of the whole urban context is the Urban Heat Island (UHI), a phenomenon known and studied in the last decades. UHI is related not only to sensible heat released by anthropic activities, but also to land use variations and evapotranspiration reduction. The availability of thermal satellite sensors is fundamental to carry out multi-temporal studies in order to evaluate the dynamic behaviour of the UHI for a city.

Working with a greater detail, districts or single buildings can be analysed by specifically designed airborne surveys. The activity has been recently carried out in the EnergyCity project, developed in the framework of the Central Europe programme established by UE. As demonstrated by the project, such data can be successfully integrated in a GIS storing all relevant data about buildings and energy supply, in order to create a powerful geospatial database for a Decision Support System assisting to reduce energy losses and CO2 emissions.

Today, aerial thermal mapping could be furthermore integrated by terrestrial 3D surveys realized with Mobile Mapping Systems through multisensor platforms comprising thermal camera/s, laser scanning, GPS, inertial systems, etc. In this way the product can be a true 3D thermal model with good geometric properties, enlarging the possibilities in respect to conventional qualitative 2D images with simple colour palettes.

Finally, some applications in the energy sector could benefit from the availability of a true 3D City Model, where the buildings are carefully described through three-dimensional elements. The processing of airborne LiDAR datasets for automated and semi-automated extraction of 3D buildings can provide such new generation of 3D city models.

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Abstract  

This study explores boundary-crossing networks in fuel-cell science and technology. We use the case of Norwegian fuel cell and related hydrogen research to explore techno-science networks. Standard bibliometric and patent indicators are presented. Then we explore different types of network maps — maps based on co-authorship, co-patenting and co-activity data. Different network configurations occur for each type of map. Actors reach different levels of prominence in the different maps, but most of them are active both in science and technology. This illustrates that to appreciate fully the range of science-technology interplay, all three analyses need to be taken into account.

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Introduction Technology proves to be a central driving agent of economic success, as technological change is able to influence the competitive environment to a considerable extent as well as in different directions. On the one

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Journal of Flow Chemistry
Authors:
Ana Cukalovic
,
Jean-Christophe M. Monbaliu
,
Geraldine J. Heynderickx
, and
Christian V. Stevens

, U.P.; Soetaert, W.; Fleet, G.W.J. Tetrahedron Lett . 2004, 46 , 5755–5759. 5. Wiles, C ; Watts. , P. Micro Reaction Technology in Organic Synthesis ; CRC

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Summary  

The U.S. Department of Energy supports 24 fellowships for students to attend six-week programs at either San Jose State University in California, or Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in New York. The American Chemical Society through the Division of Nuclear Science and Technology operates both schools. The twelve students at the BNL program are enrolled in the State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNYSB) and receive 3 college credits for the lecture course (CHE-361) and 3 additional credits for the laboratory course (CHE-362). In addition to lectures and laboratories, students tour various nuclear facilities offsite, at BNL, and at SUNYSB. Opportunities are given the students to interact with faculty and scientists within the profession through the Guest Lecture Program. Further details are discussed along with results of student surveys for the years 1999 through 2002.

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1 Introduction The rapid development of digital and artificial intelligence based technologies has profoundly transformed various aspects of our lives, from work to law enforcement, from healthcare to transportation, from socializing to education

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