Authors:Aleksandra Sobczyńska-Rak, Izabela Polkowska, and Piotr Silmanowicz
Angiogenesis plays an essential role in the development of a neoplastic tumour by conditioning both its growth and the formation of metastases. The induction of blood vessel growth occurs under the influence of proangiogenic factors, among which Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) seems to be the most important. The aim of this research was to study the level of VEGF measured by ELISA in the serum of dogs with neoplasms of the oral cavity. The study material comprised samples of neoplastic tissue from 17 operated dogs and the serum of the examined animals as well as of dogs from the control group. The tissue samples were taken from dogs of different breeds, aged 6–14 years. The tumour type was determined in accordance with the applicable WHO classification. Blood samples taken from sick dogs and from animals of the control group were centrifuged, and immunoenzymatic labelling of VEGF was performed in the obtained serum using ELISA and R&D system reagents (Quantikine Canine VEGF). All stages of VEGF labelling were performed according to the recommendation of the test manufacturer. The median of VEGF in the serum of the dogs with neoplasms of the oral cavity was 40.64 pg/mL. The lowest value of 14.26 pg/mL was observed in the case of fibrosarcoma, and the highest value of 99.19 pg/mL in the case of squamous cell carcinoma. The VEGF median in the control group amounted to 11.14 pg/mL whereas the VEGF value in the groups of animals diagnosed with benign tumours ranged between 2.30 and 19.74 pg/mL. Elevated VEGF in the blood serum, in comparison with the benign tumour group and the control group, was observed in all examined neoplasms of the oral cavity. It was suggested that overexpression of VEGF can have a prognostic value and is useful in the early detection of neoplasms.
Authors:Matthias Pawlak, D. Kaczmarek, A. Nowak, and P. Krutki
Whole-body vibration training (WBV) has been reported to improve both, bone strength and neuromuscular performance. Although changes in hormonal and immunological parameters following vibration exercises were reported, there are still few studies concerning the immune response with respect to different duration of WBV. In our study, we aimed to establish whether three and six months of specific, short-lasting WBV (four bouts lasting 30 s, 1 min rest intervals) influences blood cell counts as well as some immunological parameters in rats. Adult male Wistar rats were assigned randomly to two groups trained for three (WBV3mo) or six (WBV6mo) months and results were compared to the age matched control group (C). After the training period, red and white blood cells, lymphocytes, monocytes, granulocytes, hemoglobin, and hematocrit, as well as interleukin-1b, interleukin-10, interleukin-6, and vascular endothelial growth factor levels were determined. No significant differences between WBV3mo, WBV6mo, and C groups in complete blood counts or in immunological parameters were found, indicating that the whole-body vibration training used in this study did not disturb the balance of examined indices, directly or indirectly involved in inflammatory processes.
(corvitin) in a dose 100 mg/kg of animal weight intramuscularly for 7 days (from the 7 th to the 14 th day). On the 14 th day, the experimental rats were sacrificed by bleeding under thiopental anesthesia. For further testing, bloodserum was selected
Authors:Andrii Demkovych, Yurii Bondarenko, and Petro Hasiuk
day). On the 14 th day, experimental animals were exsanguinated under thiopental anesthesia. For further research, the bloodserum was selected. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase activity, and ceruloplasmin maintenance were determined in the serum
, R. G. ( 1996 ): Virginiamycin and caloric density effects on live performance, bloodserum metabolite concentration, and carcass composition of broilers reared in thermoneutral and cycling ambient temperatures . Poultry Sci. 75 , 1383 – 1392
Authors:Adam Šuluburić, Svetlana Milanović, Sanja Vranješ-Đurić, Ivan B. Jovanović, Tomislav Barna, Milica Stojić, Natalija Fratrić, Ottó Szenci, and Dragan Gvozdić
Vuković , D. , Božić , A. , Relić , R. , Stančić , B. , Gvozdić , D. and Kučević , D. ( 2016 ): Progesterone concentration in milk and bloodserum and reproductive efficiency of cows after Ovsynch treatment . Turkish J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 40
Authors:Andrii Demkovych, Yurii Bondarenko, and Petro Anatoliyovych Hasiuk
proteins of the basic character (OMP 430 ) in bloodserum (by 1.75 times, p < 0.01), but later, on 14th day, this index changed in the opposite direction, that is, it began to decrease (by 1.24 times, p < 0.01) as compared with the animals on the 7th
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cadmium on Muscovy ducklings (Cairina moschata) based on hatching results and the activity of enzymes in the blood plasma. On day 6 of incubation, hatching eggs were injected into the egg albumen with 50 μl of saline solution containing Cd ions (CdCl2) at concentrations of 0 (control group), 1.3, 4.0, 7.5, 15.0 and 30 μg/egg, using 50 eggs per group. A gradual decrease in hatchability, from 52% in the control to 4% in the highest Cd dose group, was observed, with the LD50 calculated as 8 μg/egg. However, the impact of cadmium on the incidence of malformations of duck embryos has not been proven. Compared to the control group, N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminidase activity increased by 30–50% (P ≤ 0.05) in the blood serum of ducklings in the groups receiving more than 7.5 μg Cd/egg, whereas an elevated activity of arylsulphatase (by 45%) was observed for a lower dose only (4 μg Cd/egg). A gradual increase in the activity of alanine and aspartate aminotransferases was observed (P ≤ 0.05), starting from the lowest exposure of 1.3 μg Cd/egg, by 155% and 53%, respectively. In conclusion, the results prove the dosedependent toxic impact of cadmium on embryogenesis and on the studied blood plasma enzyme activities of ducklings.
Authors:A.K. Tyka, M. Chwastowski, T. Cison, T. Palka, A. Tyka, Z. Szygula, W. Pilch, M. Strzala, and M. Cepero
The aim of the study was to determine whether creatine malate (CML) supplementation results in similar ergogenic effect in sprinters and long-distance runners. The other goal was to compare changes in body composition, physical performance and hormone levels after six-week training in athletes, divided into subgroups supplemented with creatine malate or taking placebo.
Six-week supplementation combined with physical training induced different effects in athletes. Significantly higher increases in relative and absolute peak power and total work (p < 0.05) were found in sprinters compared to other groups. Except for growth hormone, post-exercise venous blood serum hormone levels exhibited no statistically significant differences in athletes. After CML loading period, a significant increase in growth hormone was found in the group of sprinters.
A significant ergogenic effect was found in sprinters, which was reflected by the increase in anaerobic exercise indices and morphological indices and elevated growth hormone level, after graded exercise testing. The significant increase in the distance covered during graded test was only observed in supplemented long-distance runners, whereas no significant changes in maximal oxygen uptake, relative peak power and relative total work were noticed. This could be caused by later anaerobic threshold appearance in exercise test to exhaustion.
Authors:Stefania Iwańska, Danuta Strusińska, and W. Zalewski
When evaluating the effects of yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae1026) supplied with or without a vitamin premix and mineral bioplexes on some intermediates and end-products involved in the synthesis of milk constituents in 30 early-lactation Black and White Lowland cows, no significant differences were found in the glucose level, mineral contents and enzyme activities of the blood serum. The effect of yeast culture on the availability of minerals for milk synthesis depended upon the dynamics of degradation of mineral bioplexes in the rumen and the cows' mineral status. The insignificant increase found in blood total protein content and the simultaneous small differences in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and milk urea nitrogen (MUN) values in cows supplied with the yeast culture were probably associated with a high ammonia incorporation into microbial protein in the rumen, which increased protein supply for milk protein synthesis and decreased the nitrogen loss.