A series of reference materials intended for use as activation or fission monitors for neutron fluence rate measurements has been prepared by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. Certification has been carried out by expert European laboratories and distribution of the certified reference materials (CRMs) is through the BCR programme of the Commission. The list (18 CRMs) includes materials to cover the complete energy spectrum, and suitable for different irradiation times. Fission monitors are 238UO2 or 237NpO2 in the form of microspheres. Activation monitors are high purity metals (Ni, Cu, Al, Fe, Nb, Rh, or Ti), certified for interfering trace impurities, or dilute aluminium-based alloys, where aluminium is chosen as a suitable matrix for reducing the neutron self-shielding effect. Newly certified materials are IRMM-530R Al-0.1%Au, replacing the exhausted IRMM-530 material, used as comparator for k0-standardization, and three new Al-Co alloys (0.01-1%Co). Two others, in the process of certification are Al-0.1%Ag and Al-2%Sc for thermal and epithermal fluence rate measurements. Other candidate reference materials currently being certified are two uranium-doped glass intended for dosimetry by the fission-track technique.
Authors:J. Zaidi, I. Qureshi, M. Arif, and I. Fatima
IAEA and NBS biological certified reference materials have been analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis and concentration of 17 elements was determined. The elements determined were either completely missing or their certified values were not given in the original compilations. For quality assurance of our work, a comparison of data on missing trace elements in some of the CRMs has been presented. It seems that second round of analysis for the certification of these elements would be useful.
A certified reference material (CRM) for radionuclides in seawater, IAEA-381 (Irish Sea Water), is described and the results of certification are presented. The material has been certified for nine radionuclides (40K, 90Sr, 137Cs, 237Np, 238Pu, 239Pu,240Pu, 239,240Pu and 241Am). Information on massic activities with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals are given for eight radionuclides (3H, 125Sb, 234U, 235U, 236U, 238U, 241Pu and 244Cm). Less reported radionuclides include 60Co, 99Tc, and 242Pu. The CRM may be used for quality assurance/quality control of the analysis of radionuclides in environmental water samples, for the development and validation of analytical methods and for training purposes. The material is available from the IAEA in 5 kg units.
Authors:M. Pham, M. Betti, P. Povinec, V. Alfimov, D. Biddulph, J. Gastaud, W. Kieser, J. López Gutiérrez, G. Possnert, J. Sanchez-Cabeza, and T. Suzuki
A certified reference material designed for the determination of 129I in seawater, IAEA-418 (Mediterranean Sea water) is described and the results of certification are presented. The median
of 129I concentration with 95% confidence interval was chosen as the most reliable estimates of the true value. The median, given
as the certified value, is 2.28 × 108 atom L−1 (95% confidence interval is (2.16–2.73) 108 atom L−1), or 3.19 × 10−7 Bq L−1 (95% confidence interval is (3.02–3.82) × 10−7 Bq L−1). The material is intended to be used for standardization procedures applied in accelerator mass spectrometric laboratories.
It is available in 1 L units and may be ordered via IAEA web side (www.iaea.org).
Authors:M. Pham, M. Betti, P. Povinec, M. Benmansour, V. Bünger, J. Drefvelin, C. Engeler, J. Flemal, C. Gascó, J. Guillevic, R. Gurriaran, M. Groening, J. Happel, J. Herrmann, S. Klemola, M. Kloster, G. Kanisch, K. Leonard, S. Long, S. Nielsen, J.-S. Oh, P. Rieth, I. Östergren, H. Pettersson, N. Pinhao, L. Pujol, K. Sato, J. Schikowski, Z. Varga, V. Vartti, and J. Zheng
A new certified reference material (CRM) for radionuclides in sea water from the Irish sea (IAEA-443) is described and the
results of the certification process are presented. Ten radionuclides (3H, 40K, 90Sr, 137Cs, 234U, 235U, 238U, 238Pu, 239+240Pu and 241Am) have been certified, and information values on massic activities with 95% confidence intervals are given for four radionuclides
(230Th, 232Th, 239Pu and 240Pu). Results for less frequently reported radionuclides (99Tc, 228Th, 237Np and 241Pu) are also reported. The CRM can be used for quality assurance/quality control of the analysis of radionuclides in water
samples, for the development and validation of analytical methods and for training purposes. The material is available in
5 L units from IAEA
Authors:E. Charsley, C. Earnest, P. Gallagher, and M. Richardson
The ICTAC Committee on Standardisation has formed a Task Group to investigate the suitability of the ICTAC Certified Reference
Materials for DTA, covering the temperature range 450°–1100°C, for accurate temperature calibration purposes and to evaluate
their potential as enthalpy calibrants for DTA and DSC equipment. This paper reports the results of preliminary round-robin
studies on barium carbonate and strontium carbonate, using a dual-point calibration method based on the melting points of
aluminium and gold. In addition the fusion of ICTAC potassium sulphate has been investigated as a possible calibration transition.
Authors:M.Â. de B. C. Menezes, C. de V. S. Sabino, A. Amaral, and E. Maia
The k0 parametric neutron activation analysis has been applied since 1995 in the Radiochemical Sector/CDTN, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Several certified reference materials were studied with the aim of analysing biological samples. This work is related to an IAEA co-ordinated research project whose goal is to make a survey of the exposures to metals related to occupational diseases. It has been conducted by CDTN and government departments of health. The hair samples as bioindicators were donated by galvanising factory workers in Belo Horizonte. This city and surrounding area are important industrial centres and that industry is responsible for the majority of patients who look for medical assistance because of metal contamination. The Al, Co, Cu, Cr, La, Mn, Sb and V concentrations determined in the workers' samples suggest endogenous contamination.
Authors:R. Jaćimović, B. Smodiš, T. Bučar, and P. Stegnar
A suite of natural matrix reference materials (RMs) were used to assess the quality of analytical results obtained by k0-instrumental neutron activation analysis (k0-INAA) at the Joef Stefan Institute (IJS). Five certified reference materials (CRMs) from the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), two standard reference materials (SRMs) from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), three RMs from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and one RM from IJS were analyzed. Altogether, results for twenty-four elements in inorganic matrices and twenty-nine elements in organic matrices, obtained by k0-INAA, were compared to certified values. Results obtained show good agreement with certified or assigned values except for Fe, La, Nd, Sm and U in inorganic matrices, and Ag, Al and Cr in organic matrices.
Authors:A. Kimura, Y. Toh, M. Oshima, and Y. Hatsukawa
Recycling steel products demands a new technique for determining tramp elements in steel. Tramp elements, As and Sb, in some
iron certified reference materials were determined by neutron activation analysis with multiple gamma-ray detection method
and reported in MTAA11. In MTAA12, the authors reported the lower limit of determination values (LDL) and the dispersion of
this method. The values of the LDLs for As and Sb in high purity iron were 0.002 and 0.0009 μg·g−1. The dispersion is small enough to satisfy the demand from materials science.
Eight inorganic substances recommended by ICTA as temperature standard reference materials for DTA and DSC were studied: KNO3, KClO4, Ag2SO4, K2CrO4, quartz, K2SO4, BaCO3 and SrCO3. The content of pure component in each of these substances was determined by classical chemical analysis. The temperatures and the heats of polymorphic transformations of these substances were measured with a Perkin-Elmer DSC-2 differential scanning calorimeter, and DTA studies were performed on a MOM 1500 D Q-derivatograph. The plot heat of transformation by DSCvs. DTA peak area is advanced as a calibration line for the approximate estimation of quantitative DTA effects. The substances studied will be certified as temperature standard reference materials for use in DTA and DSC.