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Adattudományi innováció az egészségügy környezeti kihívásainak kezelésében: a nagy adatállományok hasznosításának jelentősége és lehetőségei a járványkezelésben

Innovation in Data Science to Address the Environmental Challenges of Health Systems: the Significance and Opportunities of the Analysis of Big Routine Datasets in Pandemic Management

Scientia et Securitas
Authors:
Péter Gaál
,
Tamás Joó
,
Tamás Palicz
,
Péter Pollner
,
István Schiszler
, and
Miklós Szócska

Összefoglaló. A COVID-19 járvány rámutatott arra, hogy az egészségügy kiemelt nemzetbiztonsági terület. Az egészségbiztonsági kockázati tényezőkkel szemben ellenálló egészségügyi rendszerek adattudományi innováció nélkül nem képzelhetők el. A közlemény két esettanulmányon keresztül mutatja be, hogy a nagy, működés során generálódó adatbázisok elemzése hogyan segítheti a járványokkal szembeni védekezést. A mobilcella információk elemzése a leghatékonyabb eszköz a tömeges népességmozgások nyomon követésére, így a vesztegzár intézkedések hatásának döntéstámogatási célú vizsgálatára, az oltásellenes közösségimédia-aktivitás hálózatelemzése pedig segíti az immunizációs kampányok tervezését és megvalósítását. Tanulmányunkban amellett érvelünk, hogy az egészségügy információ- és kommunikációtechnológia fejlődésére építő digitalizációja a kulcsa egy környezeti változásokkal megbirkózni képes egészségügy kialakításának.

Summary. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that health and health care should be considered a top priority area of national security. Health security risks can only be addressed with resilient health systems, which are not possible to be established without innovation in health data science. This publication introduces two examples to illustrate this point, both in the field of the management of epidemics. The first case provides a summary of our previous publication about how mobile phone Call Detail Records can be used to trace population movement to evaluate the effectiveness of movement restriction measures, such as the lock down, which was implemented in Hungary during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our analysis shows that the collation and processing of Call Detail Records is an effective and inexpensive method to monitor mass population movement, and complements well the GPS-based smartphone method, which is more suitable for contact tracing and controlling of home quarantine of individuals. Our CDR-based method could be used by other countries, as well as to monitor movement between countries at the European level or internationally, with minimal adaptation effort. The second case introduces a study to gain insight into and better understanding of the potential impact of antivaccination social media activism on the Human Papilloma Virus vaccination campaign in Hungary in 2014. The network analysis of Facebook antivaccination posts and comments showed that during this period, the activists in this network were unable to reach a wider population and were not able to disturb the implementation of the expansion of the well functioning Hungarian public vaccination programme. Unfortunately, this is not the case regarding the COVID-19 vaccination campaign in progress, which suggests that the antivaccination activism is a real and serious security threat to be dealt with. In conclusion, we argue in this paper that the digital transformation of health care, based on the explosive development of information and communication technologies, is of key importance to the establishment of resilient health systems, which are able to cope efficiently with the challenges posed by the rapid environmental changes generated by societal transformation of the 21st century.

Open access

Automatizáció és kreativitás a munkavégzésben

Automatisation and Creativity in Work

Educatio
Authors:
Csaba Makó
,
Miklós Illéssy
, and
András Borbély

Susceptible are Jobs to Computerization? Citi GPS: Global Perspectives & Solutions. 13 Hack, L. (1994) Industriesoziologie. In: Kerber, H. & Schmieder, A. (eds

Open access

Zsigeri fájdalom, nocebo-hatások, placebo-analgézia

Visceral pain, nocebo-effects, placebo-analgesia

Scientia et Securitas
Author:
György Bárdos

Ferentzi, E., Köteles, F., & Bárdos, G. (2011) The Therapeutic use of placebos among Hungarian GPs: A preliminary research report. Clinical and Experimental Medical Journal, Vol. 5. No. 1. pp. 21

Open access

may access. 197 Once the letter of credit is issued on the blockchain, the process starts. To be specific, each product, 198 before being shipped, will be equipped with a GPS device, 199 a functioning RFID tag, 200 and a sensor. 201 The smart

Open access

does not even define the scope of the case, but defines the administrative area subject to the community seal on a territorial basis, sometimes by providing GPS coordinates, the duration of the community seal and the obligations arising from the seal

Open access

spaces, schools and workplaces, or via wearable devices, mobile applications, GPS, etc. also adversely affects the freedom of movement . Mantelero and Esposito (2021) 15. Cf. UDHR, Art. 13; ICCPR, Art. 12; Protocol No. 4. to the ECHR, Art. 2; ACHR, Art

Open access
Review of Sociology
Authors:
Benedek KOVÁCS
,
Zoltán GÁLIG
, and
Réka VÁLYI

Public health and social welfare subsystems are principally linked together by mutual interest in the basic care of elderly people. General practitioner (GP) services are parts of the social signaling system that promotes revealing unprovided needs. On the other hand, taking indigents into social care would make considerably easier the work of GPs. As a consequence, GPs' signaling should be a general practice everywhere. But social specialists experience the contrary. In order to explain the difference between the unity of interest in principle, and weak collaboration in reality, a theoretical model was elaborated and tested empirically. We have found that social service providers' preferences are not evident for GPs; therefore their willingness to signal depends on their opportunity of obtaining information.

Restricted access