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The chemical composition, fatty acid profile, and cholesterol content of milk fat were analysed during the lactation period of thirty Iranian Ghezel sheep. They were fed dry hay for the first three months and then grazed on fresh grass to the end of lactation, along with barley and wheat middling during the whole period. Fatty acid profile analysis showed palmitic acid to be the dominant fatty acid (45.24±1.88%). During lactation C6:0, C8:0, C10:0, C12:0, and C14:0 contents decreased, while C18:0, C18:1, C18:2, and CLA increased significantly, which can be associated with the change of nutrition from hay to fresh grazing. The cholesterol content of the sheep milk reached 14.88 mg/100 ml milk or 283.43 mg/100 g fat as an average for the whole period of milking. Regression analysis showed a significant increase in cholesterol from 5.42 to 32.87 mg/100 g milk during the lactation period.

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Dekker Inc. New York Harris , J. L. & Boerner , R. E. J. , 1990 . Effects of belowground grazing by collembola on growth, mycorrhizal infection

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.J. , Cajarville , C. & Zunino , P.J. ( 2013 ): Characterization of the ruminal bacterial microbiota of a grazing bovine through classical and culture independent methods . Veterinaria , 49 , 40 – 55

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Christiansson , A., Bertilsson , J. & Svensson , B. (1999): Bacillus cereus spores in raw milk: factors affecting the contamination of milk during the grazing period. J. Dairy Sci

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Lind, V., Berg, J, Eilertsen, S.M., Hersleth, M. & Eik, L.O. (2011): Effect of gender on meat quality in lamb from extensive and intensive grazing systems when slaughtered at the end of the growing season. Meat Sci. , 88 , 305

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The biological and toxicological importance of molybdenum in the environment and in the nutrition of plants, animals and man

Part IV: The molybdenum intake of adults with mixed and vegetarian diets in Germany and Mexico (duplicate portion studies)

Acta Alimentaria
Authors: M. Anke, S. Holzinger, M. Seifert, R. Müller, and U. Schäfer

Erdman, J.A., Ebens, R.J. & Case, A.A. (1978): Molybdenosis: a potential problem in ruminants grazing on coal mine spoils. J. Range Managem. , 31 , 34–36. Case A

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linoleic acid of intramuscular fat from steers offered grazed grass, grass silage, or concentrate-based diets. J. Anim. Sci. , 78 , 2849–2855. Moloney A.P. Fatty acid composition

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: N. Parunović, M. Petrović, V. Matekalo-Sverak, D. Radojković, D. Vranić, and Č. Radović

Nilzén, V., Babol, J., Dutta, P.C., Lundeheim, N., Enfält, A.C. & Lundström, K. (2001): Free range rearing of pigs with access to pasture grazing-effect on fatty acid composition and lipid oxidation products. Meat Sci. , 58 , 267

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, J.R. 2016 . Ammonia flux into the atmosphere from a grazed pasture. Science, New series . 185 . 609 – 610 DIRECTIVE (EU) 2016/2284 on the reduction of national emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants , FAMULARI , D ., FOWLER , D

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Agrokémia és Talajtan
Authors: G. Gelybó, E. Tóth, C. Farkas, Á. Horel, I. Kása, and Z. Bakacsi

.B. & Fuhlendorf , S.D. 2005 . Fire and grazing effects on wind erosion, soil water content, and soil temperature . Journal of Environmental Quality . 34 . 1559 – 1559

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