Honey is produced by honey bees that collect nectar from various floral sources. India is one of the leading producers and exporters of honey in the world. Owing to their diverse botanical sources, Northern Indian states such as Himachal Pradesh
Onion ( Allium cepa L.) is a bulbous vegetable, belonging to family Alliaceae , cultivated in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions throughout the world. India is the second largest onion growing country in the world after China. Indian
Wheat, an important staple cereal crop cultivated in seleniferous region of India, noted to accumulated significantly high concentrations of Se, was examined for the distribution of selenium in various protein fractions of the grains. Amongst the protein fractions, Se was dominantly (33–37%) present in the albumin fraction in Se rich grains followed by other fractions viz., globulin (20–25%), glutelin (20–25%), and prolamin (17–20%). The observations are important in context of exploring the use of this material as functional foods in formulating Se-enriched diets for Se-deficient population.
Lactic acid bacteria were isolated from tungrymbai, a traditional fermented soybean product of Meghalaya, India and assessed for their probiotic properties. Survival under simulated gastric conditions was tested and five acid tolerant strains were selected. By using 16S rDNA sequencing, these isolates were confirmed to be Enterococcus species. The strains exhibited good survivability in high concentrations of bile salts. The strains were susceptible to antibiotics and they were also found to inhibit growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The strains were gelatinase negative and non-haemolytic. The strains also assimilated cholesterol up to a certain level. The study confirmed that all identified five strains have in vitro probiotic properties.
-Means clustering and application in color image segmentation , Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition and Digital Techniques , Calcutta, India , 28–31 December 1999 , pp. 137 – 143 .
The characterization of four types of Indian honeys (Trifolium alexandrinum (berseem clover), Brassica sp. (mustard), Helianthus annuus (sunflower), Eucalyptus lanceolatus) was carried out on the basis of their quality parameters (moisture, pH, free acidity, reducing sugars, sucrose, fructose/glucose ratio, colour, ash content, proline content, invertase activity, diastase activity, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), and mineral content (sodium, potassium, iron, calcium, zinc, and copper). The source of honey had a significant (P<0.05) effect on moisture content, free acidity, pH, reducing sugar content, fructose/glucose ratio, hydroxymethylfurfural content, invertase and diastase activities, sucrose content, proline, ash content, and mineral content. Pattern recognition methods, such as principal component analysis and linear discriminate analysis, were performed to classify honey on the basis of physicochemical properties and mineral content. The variables calcium, pH, and potassium exhibited higher discrimination power.
production reaches approximately 29 million metric tons per year, where the leading producer is China, followed by India and the USA [ 28 ]. World annual production of shelled peanuts was 42 million tons in 2014 [ 29 ]. Natural structures of peanut shell
1 Introduction The Construction Industry Development Council (CIDC) of India has been calculating and publishing the Construction Cost Index (CCI), monthly, since 1998. Construction cost variations interrogate different kinds of projects such as
Studies were conducted to characterize the chestnut starch for physico-chemical properties. Chemical composition of chestnut starch showed low levels of protein and ash indicating purity of starch. The results revealed low water and oil absorption capacity of chestnut starch. Starch showed high swelling power and low solubility index. Swelling power and solubility index of chestnut starch increased with increase in temperature (50–90 °C). The results revealed high initial, peak, setback, breakdown, and final viscosity but low paste development temperature. Transmittance (%) of the starch gel was low and decreased with increasing storage period. The chestnut starch gel showed increase in % water release (syneresis) with increase in time of storage but was less susceptible to repeated cycles of freezing and thawing. Starch was also characterized for granule morphology. Starch granules were of round and oval shapes, some granules showed irregular shape.