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Central European Geology
Authors:
Ádám Bede
,
Roderick B. Salisbury
,
András István Csathó
,
Péter Czukor
,
Dávid Gergely Páll
,
Gábor Szilágyi
, and
Pál Sümegi

The Ecse-halom is a burial mound (kurgan) in the Hortobágy region of Hungary. Built in the Late Copper Age/Early Bronze Age by nomadic people from the east, it now stands on the border between two modern settlements. A road of medieval origin runs along this border and cuts deeply into the body of the mound. The southern half of the mound was plowed and used as a rice field, and later a military observation tower was built on top of it. Despite this disturbance, the surface of the mound is in decent condition and provides a home for regionally significant, species-rich loess steppe vegetation. The mound comprises two construction layers as indicated by magnetic susceptibility and thin-section micro-morphological analysis. Examination of organic compounds and carbonate content at various levels showed different values, which suggest a variety of natural and anthropogenic stratigraphic layers. Mid-sized siltstone fraction is dominant in the section. The layers originate from the immediate vicinity of the mound, but have different characteristics than present-day soils. These mounds contain a valuable record of cultural and environmental conditions occurring at the time of their construction, and also serve as a refuge for ancient loess vegetation; therefore their conservation is highly recommended.

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70 272 282 Schöll-Barna, G., A. Demény, G. Serlegi, S. Fábián, P. Sümegi, I. Fórizs, B. Bajnóczi 2012: Climatic variability in the Late Copper Age

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Climatic variability in the Late Copper Age: Stable isotope fluctuation of prehistoric Unio pictorum (Unionidae) shells from Lake Balaton (Hungary) Journal of Paleolimnology 47 87

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Central European Geology
Authors:
Attila Demény
,
Gabriella Schöll-Barna
,
Pál Sümegi
,
Péter Sipos
,
István Fórizs
,
Brigitta Réka Balázs
,
Bernadett Bajnóczi
, and
Gordon Cook

. Bajnóczi 2012 Climatic variability in the Late Copper Age: Stable isotope fluctuation of prehistoric Unio pictorum (Unionidae) shells from Lake Balaton (Hungary) Journal of Paleolimnology

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Grave (Yamna) Culture ( Gazdapusztai 1968 ; Ecsedy 1979 ; Horváth et al. 2013 ), and that its people predominated within the research area at the late Copper Age–Bronze Age period. Based on the radiocarbon measurements in the geologic section

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