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P.D. de Cosmo A. Suma 2010 A new approach to landslide geomorphological mapping using Open Source software in the Olvera area (Cadiz, Spain

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Abstract

This paper presents a proprietary open source code for analysis of granulometric properties of bed load material based on non-intrusive automated image analysis. Vertical bed-surface images are processed using the proposed tool and verified with results obtained by well tested optical granulometry tool Basegrain. The practical application of the proposed tool yields accuracy comparable that of the tested framework and traditional sampling methods. Additionally, results showed that the average D50 grain-size sampled from riverbed of studied river section of river Danube agrees up to 95% with the average D50 sampled from riverbanks.

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Scientometrics
Authors: Katy Börner, Weixia Huang, Micah Linnemeier, Russell Duhon, Patrick Phillips, Nianli Ma, Angela Zoss, Hanning Guo, and Mark Price

Abstract  

The enormous increase in digital scholarly data and computing power combined with recent advances in text mining, linguistics, network science, and scientometrics make it possible to scientifically study the structure and evolution of science on a large scale. This paper discusses the challenges of this ‘BIG science of science’—also called ‘computational scientometrics’ research—in terms of data access, algorithm scalability, repeatability, as well as result communication and interpretation. It then introduces two infrastructures: (1) the Scholarly Database (SDB) (http://sdb.slis.indiana.edu), which provides free online access to 22 million scholarly records—papers, patents, and funding awards which can be cross-searched and downloaded as dumps, and (2) Scientometrics-relevant plug-ins of the open-source Network Workbench (NWB) Tool (http://nwb.slis.indiana.edu). The utility of these infrastructures is then exemplarily demonstrated in three studies: a comparison of the funding portfolios and co-investigator networks of different universities, an examination of paper-citation and co-author networks of major network science researchers, and an analysis of topic bursts in streams of text. The article concludes with a discussion of related work that aims to provide practically useful and theoretically grounded cyberinfrastructure in support of computational scientometrics research, education and practice.

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Text mining was used to extract technical intelligence from the open source global SARS research literature. A SARS-focused query was applied to the Science Citation Index (SCI) (SCI 2008) database for the period 1998–early 2008. The SARS research literature infrastructure (prolific authors, key journals/institutions/countries, most cited authors/journals/documents) was obtained using bibliometrics, and the SARS research literature technical structure (hierarchical taxonomy) was obtained using computational linguistics/document clustering.

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This paper is devoted to efficient computer implementation of coupled salt and moisture transport processes. Three material models are summarized first and then a general form of coupled transport processes is formulated. The system of balance equations is solved numerically with the help of the Galerkin method (in space) and the generalized trapezoidal rule time integration. Implementation of the transport processes into the open source computer program SIFEL is briefly described.

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This paper is devoted to a computer simulation of coupled-thermo-hydro mechanical analysis of concrete structures. The attention is concentrated to concrete structures at early stage, when hydration heat evolution and moisture content changes can influence significantly the reliability and service life of these structures. The results of computation are illustrated by the simulation of a foundation slab, which is situated in the basement of the administration building Prague-Tìšnov, Czech Republic. The Künzel and Kiessl approach is used to analyze heat and moisture fields and it is extended by a set of climatic conditions and by a model of hydration heat evolution in concrete. The problem is solved using the open source program SIFEL.

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The aim of this paper is to introduce the design steps and implementation details of a system, which combines modern web-technologies and open-source simulation software to create a virtual laboratory framework. In order to validate the functionality of this framework and to demonstrate its capabilities, a classic experiment from the field of control theory was implemented; the inverted pendulum. In this experiment, a simulated controller keeps the rod of the pendulum in an upright position. Users can change different parameters of the model and then test the impact of these changes in a very intuitive and interactive way, by applying force to the pendulum model in 3D and observing the behavior of the controller.

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Scientometrics
Authors: Ronald Kostoff, Raymond Koytcheff, and Clifford Lau

Abstract  

Text mining was used to extract technical intelligence from the open source global nanotechnology and nanoscience research literature. An extensive nanotechnology/nanoscience-focused query was applied to the Science Citation Index/Social Science Citation Index (SCI/SSCI) databases. The nanotechnology/nanoscience research literature infrastructure (prolific authors, key journals/institutions/countries, most cited authors/journals/documents) was obtained using bibliometrics. A novel addition was the use of institution and country auto-correlation maps to show co-publishing networks among institutions and among countries, and the use of institution-phrase and country-phrase cross-correlation maps to show institution networks and country networks based on use of common terminology (proxy for common interests). The use of factor matrices quantified further the strength of the linkages among institutions and among countries, and validated the co-publishing networks shown graphically on the maps.

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There are several methods for the analysis of road accidents in a road network. In Hungary from 2011 GPS coordinates are used to identify the location of personal injury accidents. This method significantly improves the display of locations of accidents on the map, which can be then analyzed using GIS tools. Accident black spots are the most dangerous places in road networks identified by the density of the accidents in the network. One of the analysis methods is the accident density searching. The methods and algorithms used in some software may show differences in relation to one another. The aim of this research is comparing two applications by investigating the local road network in Győr. The analysis was made using the WEB-BAL accident analysis software using the density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise procedure and the QGIS software using the kernel density estimation method. The former is the official accident database and online software used for accident investigations and the latter is an open source geographic information system. The results are visualized in accident density plots and black spot maps.

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Salicylic acid content and benzoic acid 2-hydroxylase (BA2H) activity were investigated in tobacco Bel-W3 and Bel-B leaves after exposure to tropospheric ozone in the conditions of ambient air. Plants were exposed in accordance with a standard methodology for ozone biomonitoring, in a three-year experiment. Free salicylic acid (SA), conjugated with glucose (SAG), and as a product of the BA2H activity was quantified with HPLC. In order to evaluate ozone injuries of leaves, an open source image analysis software was employed. Plants exposure to ambient ozone resulted in enhanced BA2H activity and intensified salicylic acid biosynthesis in leaves of Bel-W3 cultivar showing visible ozone injuries. The BA2H activity significantly correlated with SAG for ozone-exposed Bel-W3 plants. Both injuries and salicylic acid biosynthesis rate depended on the growth phase of leaves and nearly linear correlation between SA content and injuries was found for particular leaves of Bel-W3.

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