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The scale insect fauna of Romania is poorly known. Based on bibliographic sources and on collections made by the authors a complete checklist is presented. The number of scale insect species presented here from Romania is the following: 178 from outdoor and 29 species from indoor and greenhouse condition. The outdoor species belong to 9 families and 4 families for indoor species. The most numerous outdoor families were: Pseudococcidae (67 species), Coccidae (42 species), Diaspididae (37 species) and Eriococcidae (16 species). Most of the indoor species belong to: Diaspididae (20 species).The present paper contains data of 5 families and 28 species with collecting places, recording data.Three species were new for the scale insect fauna of the country: Spilococcus nanae Schmutterer, 1957, Spinococcus calluneti (Lindinger, 1912) and Rhizoecus albidus , Goux, 1936.

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This paper presents the main actions concerning the occurrence and dissemination of the adult Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte species, and the results obtained in the third year of the FAO project TCP/RER/6712(A) “Development and Implementation of Containment of the Western Corn Rootworm in Europe”. A comparative analysis of the monitoring results in 1997 and 1998 is also included.

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Ittu, M., Sãulescu, N.N., Ittu, G. 1998. Breeding wheat for resistance to Fusarium head blight in Romania. In: Braun, H.J. et al. (eds), Wheat: Prospects for Global Improvement: Proceedings of the 5th

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://www.insse.ro/cms/files/statistici/comunicate/com_anuale/Prod_veg/prod_veg_r13 (in Romanian) Dakouri , A. , McCallum , B.D. , Walichnowski , A.Z. , Cloutier , S. 2010 . Fine-mapping of the leaf rust Lr34 locus in Triticum aestivum (L.) and characterization of

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Two type specimens, Cynoglossum paucisetum and Cynoglossum velebiticum based on plants collected by Vince Borbás in today’s Romania and Croatia were selected.

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Sixteen species of lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi are included in the commented list. Seven species are new to Romania: Caloplaca flavocitrina, Caloplaca polycarpa, Caloplaca xerica, Lecanora rouxii, Polycoccum evae, Stigmidium rouxianum and Xanthoria calcicola . General distribution of the species Caloplaca xerica, Lecanora laatokkaensis, Lecanora rouxii (= Lepraria flavescens ), Polycoccum evae and Stigmidium rouxianum is described. Although twice recorded in Romania, Lecanora laatokkaensis was not included in either of the two lichen checklists of Romania. Lecanora bolcana is a forgotten species in Romania, which was only known as Lecanora muralis var. diffracta from several old collections.

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Plankton samples collected from a yellow watered bog pool of the mesotrophic “Călăţele Pădurii” peat bog (Romanian Western Mountains, Transylvania), exhibited an outstandingly rich Mallomonas population. The observations carried out by light and scanning electron microscopy revealed that the population belongs to Mallomonas intermedia Kisselev. Based on the presence of lance head bristles, distributed all over the cell armour (except few anterior collar, unilaterally serrated ones), it became evident that the population belong to the nominate variety (var. intermedia). Mallomonas intermedia var. saliceaensis formerly described from Transylvania differs by the type variety by the presence of exclusively serrated bristles. The present finding proved that Mallomonas intermedia could not be properly identified at infraspecific level solely based on the ultra structure of scales, without knowing the structure of bristles, too.

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In this paper, we present regional differences in pond area by focusing on species — pond area relationships between two groups of vertebrates differing in life cycles and ecological requirements: amphibians and birds. The study was conducted in two regions of Romania: the Târnava Basin and the Fizeş Valley. Ponds from Târnava were more vegetated with emergent aquatic plants ( Phragmites australis and Typha sp.). The amphibian species richness in ponds was higher in Târnava than in Fizeş and, conversely, Fizeş contained a higher number of bird species. The diversity of the amphibian species is not related to pond area, however, there was a positive relationship in both regions between amphibian species richness and the percentage of emergent vegetation cover. Bird’s species richness, on the other hand, was positively related to both pond area and vegetation cover in Târnava whereas only to vegetation cover in Fizeş. The z values of the species-area relationship for amphibians were low in both regions and slightly negative in Târnava. In case of birds, the z value was larger in Târnava than in Fizeş, suggesting that the number of species increased more with pond area in Târnava than in Fizeş.

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A study on the Auchenorrhyncha insects was performed in 2009 in Romanian commercial vine plots with different varieties and pest control intensities from Murfatlar, Banu Mărăcine and Blaj viticultural regions and in an untreated neglected plot near Bucharest exhibiting symptoms of yellowing or reddening. The aim of this study was to obtain information related to the presence of the potential vector insects associated with the grapevine yellows type-diseases symptoms from Flavescene dorée and Bois noir groups. Insects were sampled using yellow sticky traps. In the course of identifying potential phytoplasma vectors in vineyards, 21 species of leafhoppers and planthoppers were identified. Included in these are two very important vectors of phytoplasma throughout Europe: Hyalesthes obsoletus and Scaphoideus titanus.While H. obsoletus were only captured in low numbers, S. titanus was captured in higher numbers and showed two distinct population peaks throughout the growing season. Identification of phytoplasma vectors is critical to the national strategy for assessment and control of vectors spreading phytoplasma disease in Romanian vineyards.

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Dietary fibres (DFs) are essential components of the balanced diet. Even though the adequate level of their consumption can be ensured from several natural (e.g. fruit, vegetables, legumes) and ‘artificial’ sources (e.g. functional foods), the consumed levels are below the recommendations. To analyse the Hungarian and Romanian consumers’ knowledge level, their perceptions of the health benefits associated with fibre, as well as the recognition of the potential information sources, a survey questionnaire was conducted with the total of 713 consumers. Results showed that the level of knowledge about DFs was not adequate. Internet was found to be widely used and identified as one of the most appropriate information sources to encourage the consumption of DF. It was a favourable result that three-quarter of the respondents was interested in the topic of healthy food consumption; however, just less than half of them took into consideration the label information during their shopping decisions. To increase the consumption of DF and to support the responsibility and conscious consumer decisions steps must to be done (e.g. education of children, pointing out of the sources). For this purpose, modern information technology and communication channels fitting to the consumers’ cultural and personal particularities can be utilized.

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