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language, or administered it in English form to non-native English speakers ( Bonnaire et al., 2017 ; Hanss et al., 2015 ). This study was conducted in Spain, and the PG prevalence is in line with most of the western countries. Using the Spanish

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Jesús Castro-Calvo
,
Rafael Ballester-Arnal
,
Joel Billieux
,
Beatriz Gil-Juliá
, and
María Dolores Gil-Llario

convergence of existing screening tools. Castro-Calvo, Ballester-Arnal, and Gil-Llario ( 2015 ) conducted a study in which three sexual addiction screening scales were administered to 600 Spanish youths. Their results revealed high correlations between scales

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Fernando Fernández-Aranda
,
Roser Granero
,
Gemma Mestre-Bach
,
Trevor Steward
,
Astrid Müller
,
Matthias Brand
,
Teresa Mena-Moreno
,
Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz
,
Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez
,
Laura Moragas
,
Núria Mallorquí-Bagué
,
Neus Aymamí
,
Mónica Gómez-Peña
,
María Lozano-Madrid
,
José M. Menchón
, and
Susana Jiménez-Murcia

this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish adaptation of this screening tool in a large clinical sample including patients who met diagnostic criteria for GD, or ED, when compared to healthy controls (HCs). The choice of these

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Francesco Del Prete
,
Trevor Steward
,
Juan F. Navas
,
Fernando Fernández-Aranda
,
Susana Jiménez-Murcia
,
Tian P. S. Oei
, and
José C. Perales

, for example, problem gambling rates have been found to range from 0.3% to 3.1% ( Planzer, Gray, & Shaffer, 2014 ). In Spain specifically, epidemiological research points to high rates of gambling behavior and specific culturally bound types of gambling

Open access

Abstract

Background and aims

In nomothetic research exercise addiction is studied on the basis of symptoms which are most often linked to exercise volume. However, other factors may also affect individuals’ susceptibility to the disorder. The aim of this research was to examine the influence of gender, social context (team or individual sport), and level of athletic training on symptoms of exercise addiction.

Methods

Two groups of university athletes — sport- (n = 57) and non-sport orientation (n = 90) — and a group of elite ultra-marathon runners (n = 95) completed the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI). The psychometric properties of the Spanish EAI were determined.

Results

EAI scores were higher in men than women (p =.018). Participants in team sports reported higher EAI scores than individual athletes (p =.005). Elite runners scored higher on the EAI than university athletes (p =.005), but their scores were unrelated to the volume of training. The prevalence of “at risk” for exercise addiction was 7%–10% in university athletes and 17% among the ultra-marathon runners. The Spanish EAI showed good psychometric properties.

Discussion

The results of the current inquiry show that several factors — including gender, level of athletic training, and social context of the training — affect exercise addiction and, in line with the literature, the volume of exercise did not emerge as an index of susceptibility to exercise addiction.

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Susana Jiménez-Murcia
,
Mónica Giménez
,
Roser Granero
,
Hibai López-González
,
Mónica Gómez-Peña
,
Laura Moragas
,
Isabel Baenas
,
Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez
,
Ester Codina
,
Teresa Mena-Moreno
,
Eduardo Valenciano-Mendoza
,
Bernat Mora-Maltas
,
Susana Valero-Solís
,
Sandra Rivas-Pérez
,
Elías Guillén-Guzmán
,
José M. Menchón
, and
Fernando Fernández-Aranda

gateway drug’ causing younger generations to familiarize with gambling and transition from there to other forms of gambling and/or gaming ( Zendle & Cairns, 2018 ). We have recent examples in the literature in Spain. In a sample of young Spanish students

Open access

may present symptoms and consequences, at least in part, similar to those seen in individuals with substance addiction ( Ruiz-Olivares, Lucena, Pino, & Herruzo, 2010 ). Studies with Spanish population report prevalences ranging between 3.7% and

Open access

undergoing treatment for gambling disorder, recruited from treatment facilities for gambling disorder in Spain. Such facilities were mostly associated with FEJAR (Spanish Federation of Rehabilitated Gamblers), one of the most prominent Spanish institutions in

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Verónica Cervigón-Carrasco
,
Rafael Ballester-Arnal
,
Joël Billieux
,
Beatriz Gil-Juliá
,
Cristina Giménez-García
, and
Jesús Castro-Calvo

these resources are no longer available for other cognitive processes, including time perception ( Steiner & Xu, 2020 ). The present study In the current study, we aimed to explore time perception in Spanish and Luxembourgish participants who were

Open access

Introduction This report will focus on the literacy and language learning context in Spanish-speaking Latin America for adult learners, region where our project has been based. For a number of reasons the research problem of integrating beginning

Open access