Benders™ dictionary of nutrition and food technology is an essential book for nutritionists, food scientists, food technologists and anyone interested in nutrition, food science and food technology. This book gives correct interpretation of terminology of nutrition, food science and technology, hereby it is very useful for anyone read scientific review or attended lecture in subject of nutrition, food science and food technology. According to importance and connection of nutrition, food science and technology with other division of learning this dictionary may be important for those interested in agriculture, horticulture, social science and law, human and animal health protection too. This book is the seventh edition; the first edition was published 40 years ago with definitions of 2000 terms. This new edition includes already more than 5000 entries and it has been supplemented new techniques and terms by increase of knowledge and introduction of new technologies as e.g. high-frequency heating, microwave-heating, electroporation and functional foods, which are in the limelight. The dictionary also includes old terms that have become obsolete, in order to assist those referring to earlier literature. In appendix of book there are comprised voluble information about permitted food additives in EU, nomenclature of fatty acids, recommended nutrient intakes in the USA and EU, increasing the usefulness of it for user.
The innovative suggestion of this work is the usage of bended composite arms instead of complicated steel arms with hinges. The basic idea of the new structure is very simple, which is one of the best advantages of this structure. The bended arms could pre-stress the membrane surface and in the same time the membrane bends the arms, this interaction produces a harmonic structure with effective properties. The hinges can be avoided, because the open position of the umbrella created by the bend of the arms. Nowadays existing retractable funnel umbrellas are highly advanced, which is a result of decades of development, but the openingclosing process is quite complicated with very complex kinematics and complicated steel structure. Using the bended supporting elements a new structure for the retractable funnel umbrellas could be developed, which provides better structural behavior and simpler motion during the opening-closing process. The goal of this work is a development of a new type of convertible umbrella with innovative structure, which opens up new perspectives concerning the design of umbrella structures. The benefit of the new structure compared to the existing umbrella structures is a much easier working principle, which allows leaving the complex moving elements and joints. The main advantage of this structure comes from its simplicity as it simplifies the operation of umbrellas, making it a cost-effective and sustainable option.
The topic of the paper is to investigate procedure to determine bending moment resistance of girders with corrugated webs. Concepts provided by Eurocode EN 1993-1-5 and EN 1999-1-1 are different and not very clear for practical design. To clarify determination of elastic critical bending moment, a finite element model of simply supported beam under uniform bending moment has been created. Positive influence of web corrugation on bending stiffness has been expressed through the improved factor c1 used for flat girders. Results of bending moment resistance have been compared to show the difference between the concepts and to provide more appropriate assessment.
The accuracy of concentrated plasticity models to be applied in the dissipative zones of composite steel-concrete beams in case of joints from Moment Resisting Frames (MRF), and in case of links from the Eccentric Braced Frames (EBF) is still a matter of discussion. In the current practice it is avoiding to install connectors in the expected plastic zones, and to consider a symmetric plastic hinge for the steel beam or to link only. However, since the reinforcing bars are active although the connectors have been suppressed but also due to friction contact between the concrete slab and beam or link flange, the assumption of the ‘nominal symmetric’ plastic hinge could be false.